Mixing In Inland And Coastal Waters

Author: Hugo B. Fischer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080511775
Size: 68.65 MB
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This book is an outgrowth of research contributions and teaching experiences by all the authors in applying modern fluid mechanics to problems of pollutant transport and mixing in the water environment. It should be suitable for use in first year graduate level courses for engineering and science students, although more material is contained than can reasonably be taught in a one-year course, and most instructors will probably wish to cover only selected potions. The book should also be useful as a reference for practicing hydraulic and environmental engineers, as well as anyone involved in engineering studies for disposal of wastes into the environment. The practicing consulting or design engineer will find a thorough explanation of the fundamental processes, as well as many references to the current technical literature, the student should gain a deep enough understanding of basics to be able to read with understanding the future technical literature evolving in this evolving field.

Environmental Fluid Dynamics

Author: Jorg Imberger
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0120885719
Size: 14.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A broad cross-section of scientists working in aquatic environments will enjoy this treatment of environmental fluid dynamics, a foundation for elucidating the importance of hydrodynamics and hydrology in the regulation of energy.

Residual Currents And Long Term Transport

Author: Ralph T. Cheng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461390613
Size: 27.87 MB
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Estuaries, bays and contiguous coastal seas are the world's most valuable, and yet most vulnerable marine ecosystems. Fundamental to the protection and management of these important resources is an understand- ing of the physical processes involved which affect the circulation, mixing, and transport of salt, nutrients and sediment. Residual Currents and Long-Term Transport processes appear to have direct control over freshwater inflows, contaminant loadings, dispersion and transport of sediments and nutrients, and causes of declining living resources. This volume provides a comprehensive and up-to-date summary of the research results on these processes in estuaries and bays. Contributions from ten countries include results based on theoretical formulations, analyses of field data, numerical models and case studies.

Salinity And Tides In Alluvial Estuaries

Author: Hubert H. G. Savenije
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444521088
Size: 34.31 MB
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"This book is a valuable theoretical resource for graduate students specialising in estuary processes and for researchers in related disciplines. It is also a useful guide for practitioners and consultants with its wide range of analytical equations, describing hydraulic, mixing and salt intrusion processes in estuaries."--Jacket.

Environmental Oceanography

Author: Tom Beer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849384257
Size: 57.76 MB
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The second edition of Environmental Oceanography is the first textbook to link the needs of the coastal oceanographer and the environmental practitioner. The ever-increasing human impact on the environment, and particularly on the coastal zone, has led governments to carefully examine the environmental implications of development proposals. This book provides the background needed to undertake coastal oceanographic investigations and sets them in context by incorporating case studies and sample problems based on the author's experience as an environmental consultant.

The Ecology Of Mangrove And Related Ecosystems

Author: Victor Jaccarini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401732884
Size: 35.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The mangrove, seagrass and coral reef ecosystems are of paramount ecological importance but have already undergone great degradation, which is advancing at an alarming rate. If present trends continue, the natural resource basis of the economy and ecology of tropical coastal regions will soon be ruined. This was the unanimous conclusion of the 110 scientists from 23 countries who gathered in Mombasa, Kenya, for a Symposium on the ecology of these ecosystems. Mangrove forest systems yield large amounts of fish, crabs, prawns and oysters. They are also valuable sources of fuelwood, timber, tannin and other natural products. Their non-marketable value is of equal importance: stabilization of the coastline, an indispensable nursery ground for numerous marine species with commercial value, a natural filter maintaining the clarity of nearshore water, a home for resident and migratory birds and other wildlife. Many of the true mangrove flora and fauna are now endangered by the clearing of the mangroves. It has been shown that in many countries between 25 and 100% of the mangrove forest has been destroyed alraedy in the last twenty years. The international scientific assembly concluded that much can be done to stop the degradation of these damaged ecosystems and to rehabilitate them. But new techniques must be found to use them on a sustainable basis for long-term economic return and for the well-being of coastal human settlements and a healthy environment.

Monitoring Bathing Waters

Author: Jamie Bartram
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203478266
Size: 44.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book, which has been prepared by an international group of experts, provides comprehensive guidance for the design, planning and implementation of assessments and monitoring programmes for water bodies used for recreation. It addresses the wide range of hazards which may be encountered and emphasizes the importance of linking monitoring programmes to effective and feasible management actions to protect human health. It also provides details of sampling and analytical methods. This book will be an invaluable source of information for anyone concerned with monitoring and assessing recreational waters, including field staff. It will also be useful for national and regional government departments concerned with tourism and recreation, and for students and special interest groups.

Water Quality Modeling

Author: Steven C. McCutcheon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849369711
Size: 38.47 MB
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This fascinating work is divided into two main sections. Part I reviews the basic principles of water movement in channels and the mass balance approach common to most models. It also covers the practical usefulness, model peer review, and guidance on model selection and calibration. Part II discusses flow simulation and prediction of time of travel, dye tracing and mixing, heat balance and temperature modeling, and reaeration and volatilization. This interesting, easy-to-read volume includes comprehensive reviews for the use of fluorescent water tracing dyes, longitudinal dispersion, evaporation and wind speed functions, prediction of saturation concentrations of dissolved oxygen, and reaeration coefficients. This book furnishes the reader with appendices which provide a synopsis of available computer models and gives a comprehensive listing of methods used to measure flow rates in rivers, tributaries, and pipes and channels introducing wastewaters into streams. This volume is a valuable, indispensable reference for all researchers, instructors, students in advanced environmental modeling courses, and practicing engineers.

Remote Sensing Of Coastal Aquatic Environments

Author: Richard L. Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402030994
Size: 61.64 MB
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This book provides extensive insight on remote sensing of coastal waters from aircraft and space-based platforms. The primary focus of the book is optical remote sensing using passive instruments, to measure and analyze the coastal aquatic environment. The authors have gathered information from a variety of sources, to help non-specialists grasp new techniques and technology, to quickly produce useful data