Mind Stimulation Therapy

Author: Mohiuddin Ahmed
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136216367
Size: 45.35 MB
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This book presents a psychotherapy intervention model called Multimodal Integrative Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (MICST). It is grounded in information processing and cognitive stimulation techniques and operates out of a positive psychology framework. This model, designed for group work with clients with schizophrenia, can be easily tailored to working with clients in individual therapy sessions. The three core MICST group activities include: 1) body movement-mindfulness-relaxation (BMR); 2) cognitive stimulation using group discussions; and 3) cognitive stimulation using paper-pencil cognitive exercises and self-reflection exercises. A chapter is devoted to each of these core areas with actual case vignettes to illustrate ways that these activities can be implemented in clinical practice. Homework recommendations are included at the end of each chapter, devoted to a core MICST group activity and providing suggestions on ways to practice various skills and exercises in between group sessions. Also provided are several handouts and worksheets which can be used with clients.

Brain Stimulation In Psychiatric Treatment

Author: Sarah H. Lisanby
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9781585626984
Size: 77.97 MB
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The past two decades have seen rapid progress in new and less invasive ways to stimulate the brain to study and treat psychiatric disorders. This authoritative reference provides an introduction to this emerging field of brain stimulation in psychiatry. Eight recognized experts present the latest research and results -- and future challenges -- for new techniques to electrically stimulate the central nervous system, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetic seizure therapy (MST), deep brain stimulation (DBS), and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). This is the first book to both review these new techniques and place them in the context of existing somatic therapies in psychiatry. Unlike electroconvulsive therapy (ECT, the standard choice for patients with treatment-resistant depression), these breakthrough methods enable us to affect selectively higher cognitive processes and mood systems by electrically stimulating -- directly or indirectly -- focal regions of the cortex and subcortical structures in the brain. The effectiveness of TMS and MST (MST is a higher-dosage, convulsive form of magnetic stimulation) is being studied worldwide. Results are encouraging: TMS has been reported to reduce the frequency of auditory hallucinations when administered to brain regions that show abnormal hyperactivity during hallucinations, and both TMS and MST induce far less electricity and stimulate more focal cortical regions than ECT, thus incurring fewer cognitive side effects. Although DBS -- in which an electrode is implanted in a location relevant to the illness in question -- is more invasive than other modalities, it is able to reach deeper structures in a highly focal way, which may be important for illnesses like obsessive-compulsive disorder, whose circuitry relies heavily on subcortical structures. VNS is less invasive than DBS but more invasive than TMS or MST. Efficacy of VNS is uncertain. Improvement appears to build over time, and the hope is that months or years after implantation patients may show dramatic improvements. Claims of enhanced efficacy with time have never been tested directly, and controlled, randomized trials are needed to determine whether VNS has a role in the treatment of major depression. Its effects are limited to the neuroanatomical connectivity of the vagus nerve. Enriching our knowledge base in this exciting new field means more choices and therapeutic strategies for patients with conditions that resist conventional treatments. This fascinating work is a key reference for the promising future of brain stimulation in psychiatric treatment and is a "must read" for clinicians and residents alike.

Psychotherapeutic Approaches To Schizophrenic Psychoses

Author: Yrjö O. Alanen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113407011X
Size: 60.54 MB
Format: PDF
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Highly Commended in the Psychiatry category at the 2010 BMA Medical Book Awards! Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Schizophrenic Psychoses brings together professionals from around the world to provide an extensive overview of the treatment of schizophrenia and psychosis. Divided into three parts – past, present and future – the book begins by examining the history of the treatment of schizophrenia and psychosis, with reference to Freud, Jung, Harry Stack Sullivan and Adolf Meyer, amongst others. Part two then takes a geographical look at treatment and its evolution in different parts of the world including the UK, USA, Northern Europe and Eastern Asia. Finally, part three covers the range of interventions, from pharmacological treatments to psychoanalytic psychotherapy to CBT, with the aim of helping to shape the future integration of treatment. With contributions from leading figures in the field, this book will provide a varied examination of treatment, and spark much-needed debate about its future. As such it will be essential reading for all mental health professionals, in particular those involved in psychiatry, psychology and psychotherapy.

Year Book Of Psychiatry And Applied Mental Health 2012

Author: John A. Talbott
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323089763
Size: 66.12 MB
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The Year Book of Psychiatry and Applied Mental Health brings you abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in psychiatry and mental health, carefully selected from more than 300 journals worldwide. Expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to your practice. There's no faster or easier way to stay informed! Annual topics feature the latest information on biological psychiatry, alcohol and substance-related disorders, psychiatry and the law, psychotherapy, and clinical psychiatry.

Brain Evolution Language And Psychopathology In Schizophrenia

Author: Paolo Brambilla
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134694423
Size: 78.64 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.

Cognitive Technology In Psychiatric Rehabilitation

Author: William Delbert Spaulding
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803242241
Size: 41.46 MB
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Remarkable advances in the past two decades in the molecular biological sciences and in the behavioral and social sciences have deepened our understanding of schizophrenia, one of the most disabling of psychiatric conditions. Most recently research has begun to converge on the cognitive characteristics of schizophrenia, as understood in the modern context of the cognitive sciences. The cognitive processes of perception, language, logical thought, problem solving, and emotional regulation have long been known to be seriously impaired in schizophrenia, and it is clear that cognitive impairments contribute heavily to the disabilities suffered by schizophrenic patients. However, it is not clear that technologies forødealing with such impairments will be forthcoming. Contributing to this collection of essays are clinicians, cognitive scientists, and policy makers who address the spectrum of questions which must be answered if the potential of cognitive science and technology is to be realized in psychiatric rehabilitation: How are we to understand cognitive impairments in terms of the etiology of schizophrenia? How should we measure and assess cognition in disabled individuals? How can we use information about a patient's cognitive functioning in treatment planning and rehabilitation? Can we directly remediate cognitive impairments with pharmacological or psychological treatment? Even if cognitive technologies prove useful, how can we get the mental health system to adopt them? If they are adopted, how might this in turn affect the mental health system and health care policy in general? The views of the contributors give cause for some optimism about the potential usefulness of cognitive technology and its future availability in the mental health system. This work defines the issues and establishes an agenda for continued research and policy development.

Brain Protection In Schizophrenia Mood And Cognitive Disorders

Author: Michael S. Ritsner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048185535
Size: 61.41 MB
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Neuroprotection is a novel perspective for the treatment of disorders that lead to neurodegeneration and disabilities as a result of deterioration of neurons due to apoptosis, oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and other mechanisms. These mechanisms have implications not only for neurodegenerative disorders, but also for schizophrenia, mood and cognitive disorders. The purpose of this book is to provide an up-to-date overview of basic and clinical studies concerning the neuroprotective approach, mechanisms, and several compounds with neuroprotective properties that may contribute to more efficacious treatment of major mental health disorders. The book is divided into two sections. The first section serves as an introduction and overview of conceptual issues of the neuroprotective approach, and some neurobiological advances. Chapters in this section review definitions, perspectives, and issues that provide a conceptual base for the rest of the book. In addition, this part includes chapters in which the authors present and discuss the findings from basic studies of neurodegenerative mechanisms that are associated with the pathogenesis of major mental health disorders. The second section focuses on findings obtained from clinical trials with neuroprotective compounds, and neuromodulatory techniques. The take-home message is that principles of the neuroprotective approach may be applied to treatment of schizophrenia, mood and cognitive disorders. Contributors to this book are among the most active investigators and clinicians in the field who provide new perspectives not only clarifying ongoing controversies but also propose diverse aspects and new insights to neuroprotection. This book is intended for a broad readership, which includes a broad spectrum of readers including neuroscientists, psychiatrists, neurologists, pharmacologists, clinical psychologists, general practitioners, geriatricians, graduate students, and policy makers in the fields of mental health.

Treatment Refractory Schizophrenia

Author: Peter F. Buckley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642452574
Size: 59.50 MB
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Schizophrenia is often associated with an inadequate response to pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. How to treat patients who have an unsatisfactory response to anti-psychotics, including clozapine - which is unequivocally the most powerful antipsychotic medication for this recalcitrant population - remains a clinical conundrum. A range of adjunctive medications have been tried with mixed results; there has also been renewed interest in the role of neuromodulatory strategies, electroconvulsive therapy, and cognitive and vocational approaches. Perhaps a bright spot for the future lies in the evolution of pharmacogenetic approaches for individualized care. In this book, leading experts from Europe, Australia and the Americas provide a timely appraisal of treatments for the most severely ill schizophrenia patients. This clinically focused book is informed by the latest research on the neurobiology and treatment of schizophrenia. It is comprehensive in scope, covering current treatment options, various add-on approaches, and a range of psychosocial treatments. The contributors are respected experts who have combined their clinical experience with cutting-edge research to provide readers with authoritative information on fundamental aspects of clinical care for schizophrenia.

Cognitive Remediation Therapy For Schizophrenia

Author: Professor Til Wykes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135444099
Size: 18.95 MB
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Could CRT provide the first structured method of alleviating cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia? Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Schizophrenia describes the background and development of this new psychological therapy and demonstrates how it provides the first structured help to overcome the thinking problems associated with schizophrenia. In three sections, the book covers the theoretical and empirical underpinning of cognitive remediation therapy and explores its application. Part I, 'The Development of Therapy', provides the historical context and theoretical background to the therapy and emphasizes the value of rehabilitating cognitive deficits. In Part II, 'Improving Cognitive Processes', the process and effects of changing cognition are examined. Finally, in Part III, 'The Process of Therapy', the authors provide a clinical guide to the delivery of cognitive remediation therapy and use case examples to support its efficacy. This book is the first to describe an individual cognitive remediation therapy programme based on a clear model of the relationship between thinking and behaviour. It will be of both academic and clinical value to all those health professionals and clinical academics who want not only to understand the relationships between thought and action but also to intervene to improve therapy.

Clinical Neuroscience

Author: Kelly Lambert
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780716752271
Size: 46.83 MB
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The first and only textbook of its kind, Clinical Neuroscience integrates neurobiological mechanisms of general health into the coverage of mental disorders. With this resource, instructors can easily integrate principles of neuroscience into clinical, developmental, behavioral, cognitive, and social psychology.