Military Intervention

Author: William J. Lahneman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461609240
Size: 11.89 MB
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Internal conflict continues to be the most common form of organized violence, most often occurring in a so-called 'arc of instability' comprised of Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia. The misery and death caused by these conflicts, with helpless civilians often victims, has resulted in states and coalitions of states intervening militarily to stop the bloodshed, giving rise to many difficult issues. When should states perform military intervention? How should it be conducted? Is intervention a tactic that can be executed exclusive of other considerations or must it be part of a wider strategy? What makes it a success? And when can occupying troops return home? Military Intervention: Cases in Context for the Twenty-First Century strives to answer these and other questions by comparing and contrasting both the theory and practice of military intervention. It thoroughly reviews the literature and derives a set of guidelines for initiating, conducting, and terminating this complex undertaking. It then evaluates the validity of these guidelines by analyzing the recent cases of Somalia, Bosnia, Rwanda, Haiti, Cambodia, East Timor, and Sierra Leone. The volume concludes with lessons on the why, when, and how of conducting a military intervention and offers recommendations for Afghanistan and Iraq.

Military Interventions In Sierra Leone

Author: Larry J. Woods
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437923100
Size: 24.57 MB
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Analyzes the massive turmoil afflicting the nation of Sierra Leone, 1995-2002, and the efforts of outside forces to bring stability to that small country. The taxonomy of intervention ranged from private mercenary armies, through the Economic Community of West African States, to the U.N. and the U.K. In every case, those who intervened encountered a common set of difficulties that had to be overcome. Unsurprisingly, they also discovered challenges unique to their own org. and political circumstances. Serving soldiers can often profit vicariously from the mistakes of others as recounted in detailed case studies of historical events. ¿A cautionary tale that political leaders and military planners contemplating intervention in Africa ignore at their peril.¿

Impediments To The Prevention And Intervention Of Genocide

Author: Samuel Totten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351513273
Size: 69.68 MB
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Academics, NGOs, the United Nations, and individual nations are focused on the prevention and intervention of genocide. Traditionally, missions to prevent or intervene in genocide have been sporadic and under-resourced. The contributors to this volume consider some of the major stumbling blocks to the avoidance of genocide. Bartrop and Totten argue that realpolitik is the major impediment to the elimination of genocide. Campbell examines the lack of political will to confront genocide, and Theriault describes how denial becomes an obstacle to intervention against genocide. Loyle and Davenport discuss how intervention is impeded by a lack of reliable data on genocide violence, and Macgregor presents an overview of the influence of the media. Totten examines how the UN Convention on Genocide actually impedes anti-genocide efforts; and how the institutional configuration of the UN is itself often a stumbling block. Addressing an issue that is often overlooked, Travis examines the impact of global arms trade on genocide. Finally, Hiebert examines how international criminal prosecution of atrocities can impede preventive efforts, and Hirsch provides an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of major international and national prescriptions developed over the last decade. The result is a distinguished addition to Transaction's prestigious Genocide Studies series.

Us Grand Strategy In The 21st Century

Author: A. Trevor Thrall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351620037
Size: 76.12 MB
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This book challenges the dominant strategic culture and makes the case for restraint in US grand strategy in the 21st century. Grand strategy, meaning a state’s theory about how it can achieve national security for itself, is elusive. That is particularly true in the United States, where the division of federal power and the lack of direct security threats limit consensus about how to manage danger. This book seeks to spur more vigorous debate on US grand strategy. To do so, the first half of the volume assembles the most recent academic critiques of primacy, the dominant strategic perspective in the United States today. The contributors challenge the notion that US national security requires a massive military, huge defense spending, and frequent military intervention around the world. The second half of the volume makes the positive case for a more restrained foreign policy by excavating the historical roots of restraint in the United States and illustrating how restraint might work in practice in the Middle East and elsewhere. The volume concludes with assessments of the political viability of foreign policy restraint in the United States today. This book will be of much interest to students of US foreign policy, grand strategy, national security, and International Relations in general.

Globalization War And Peace In The Twenty First Century

Author: William R. Nester
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN:
Size: 60.19 MB
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Violence is as old as humanity. Organized violence or war is as old as the first organized societies. Throughout history most states were either preparing for, engaging in, or recovering from war. Yet recently the threat or use of violence in international relations, known as geopolitics, has sharply diminished as nearly all states are at peace all or most of the time. Nonetheless geopolitical conflicts instigated by rogue states, militant ideologies, transnational terrorist groups, revolutionary movements, or voracious, ruthless economic interests continue to plague countries and regions around the world. Although each geopolitical conflict has unique causes, underlying them all is some volatile mix of the best and worst of human nature. Many a war has been fought under the lofty banner of justice, freedom, and equality. Many more, however, are provoked by the far darker motives of greed, aggression, fear, vengeance, hatred, and ignorance. Globalization, War, and Peace in the Twenty-first Century explores humanity’s most persistent and tragic problem by answering five crucial questions: How is military power created and asserted? How do international laws and organizations constrain war? Why do nations go to war or stay at peace? What continuities and changes characterize recent warfare? What are weapons of mass destruction and what is the likelihood of them being used? What are the source, methods, and results of terrorism and counterterrorism? The emphasis is on recent headlines, with case studies on the war against Al Qaeda, the Iraq War, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, attempts by North Korea and Iran to become nuclear powers, and other ongoing tragedies and threats. All along the book reveals why geopolitics persists even though the ever thickening web of interdependent relations among nation-states and peoples, known as globalization, sharply raises war’s costs and reduces its benefits.

War From The Ground Up

Author: Emile Simpson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019933353X
Size: 18.95 MB
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In the wars in Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan and in recent conflicts more generally, liberal powers have blurred the line between military and political activity. 'War From The Ground Up' offers a distinctive perspective in its consideration of the concept of contemporary warfare.

God And Global Order

Author: Jonathan Chaplin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781602582507
Size: 45.22 MB
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"From issues concerning humanitarian intervention to advancing the Israel-Palestine peace process, God and Global Order provides the necessary tools to help policymakers better navigate the world of pervasive religion. This is a tonic for what ails the field of international affairs."-Allen Hertzke, author of Freeing God's Children: The Unlikely Alliance for Global Human Rights "A thoughtfully provoking overview working at the intersection of religion and realpolitik. It will quickly become a must-read for anyone who takes faith and international affairs seriously."-Chris Seiple, President, Institute for Global Engagement and Publisher of The Review of Faith & International Affairs "Wonderful grist for academicians and practitioners alike. This book of thoughtful essays by world-class authors advances the field of religion and foreign policy on a number of important fronts,"-Douglas M. Johnson, President, International Center for Religion & Diplomacy and author of Faith-Based Diplomacy: Trumping Realpolitik With an eye toward the turbulent century ahead, God and Global Order explores what international relations might look like if we took religion seriously, and in doing so implores policymakers to recognize the power of religion while crafting U.S. foreign policy. The contributors warn that ignoring the far-reaching role of faiths (those both religious and secular) and their influence upon international agendas could carry disastrous consequences û both for the U.S. and for the larger global order. Jonathan Chaplin is Director of the Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics, Tyndale House, Cambridge, U.K., and a member of the Divinity Faculty of Cambridge University. He is author of Talking God: The Legitimacy of Religious Public Reasoning. Robert Joustra is on staff at the Canadian think-tank Cardus, where he was lead researcher on the project "Stained Glass Urbanism." He is a part-time lecturer in International Relations at Redeemer University College, Ancaster, Ontario, and regular contributor to the Cardus journal Comment.

The War In Afghanistan

Author: Naval War College (U.S.)
Publisher: Defense Department
ISBN:
Size: 60.30 MB
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Provides legal examination of the armed conflict in Iraq during the secondd Gulf War that began in 2003. Discusses legal issues associated with the initial decision to use armed force, the manner in which force was employed, the legal framework and evolution of military activities from invasion to occupation, detention and counterinsurgency operations, as well as policy and legal issues associated with the establishment of the rule of law and return of governance to the people of Iraq.

Neuroliberalism

Author: Mark Whitehead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317410165
Size: 76.70 MB
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Many governments in the developed world can now best be described as ‘neuroliberal’: having a combination of neoliberal principles with policy initiatives derived from insights in the behavioural sciences. Neuroliberalism presents the results of the first critical global study of the impacts of the behavioural sciences on public policy and government actions, including behavioural economics, behavioural psychology and neuroeconomics. Drawing on interviews with leading behaviour change experts, organizations and policy-makers, and discussed in alignment with a series of international case studies, this volume provides a critical analysis of the ethical, economic, political and constitutional implications of behaviourally oriented government. It explores the impacts of the behavioural sciences on everyday life through a series of themes, including: understandings of the human subject; interpretations of freedom; the changing form and function of the state; the changing role of the corporation in society; and the design of everyday environments and technologies. The research presented in this volume reveals a diverse set of neuroliberal approaches to government that offer policy-makers and behaviour change professionals a real choice in relation to the systems of behavioural government they can implement. This book also argues that the behavioural sciences have the potential to support much more effective systems of government, but also generate new ethical concerns that policy-makers should be aware of.