Mechanical Behaviour Of Materials

Author: Dominique François
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400725469
Size: 45.71 MB
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Advances in technology are demanding ever-increasing mastery over the materials being used: the challenge is to gain a better understanding of their behaviour, and more particularly of the relations between their microstructure and their macroscopic properties. This work, of which this is the first volume, aims to provide the means by which this challenge may be met. Starting from the mechanics of deformation, it develops the laws governing macroscopic behaviour – expressed as the constitutive equations – always taking account of the physical phenomena which underlie rheological behaviour. The most recent developments are presented, in particular those concerning heterogeneous materials such as metallic alloys, polymers and composites. Each chapter is devoted to one of the major classes of material behaviour. As the subtitles indicate, Volume 1 deals with micro- and macroscopic constitutive behaviour and Volume 2 with damage and fracture mechanics. A third volume will be devoted to exercises and their full solutions complementing the content of these two first volumes. Most of the chapters end with a set of exercises, to many of which either the full solution or hints on how to obtain this are given; each volume is profusely illustrated with explanatory diagrams and with electron-microscope photographs. This book, now in its second edition, has been rigorously re-written, updated and modernised for a new generation. The authors improved the existing material, in particular in modifying the organisation, and added new up-to-date content. Understanding the subject matter requires a good knowledge of solid mechanics and materials science; the main elements of these fields are given in a set of annexes at the end of the first volume. The authors also thought it interesting for the readers to give as footnotes some information about the many scientists whose names are attached to theories and formulae and whose memories must be celebrated. Whilst the present book, as well as Volume 2, is addressed primarily to graduate students, part of it can be used in undergraduate courses; and it is hoped that practising engineers and scientists will find the information it conveys useful. It is the authors’ hope also that English-speaking readers will want to learn about the aspects of French culture, and more particularly of the French school of micromechanics of materials, which this treatment undoubtedly displays.

Robotic Building

Author: Henriette Bier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331970866X
Size: 76.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The first volume of the Adaptive Environments series focuses on Robotic Building, which refers to both physically built robotic environments and robotically supported building processes. Physically built robotic environments consist of reconfigurable, adaptive systems incorporating sensor-actuator mechanisms that enable buildings to interact with their users and surroundings in real-time. These require Design-to-Production and Operation chains that are numerically controlled and (partially or completely) robotically driven. From architectured materials, on- and off-site robotic production to robotic building operation augmenting everyday life, the volume examines achievements of the last decades and outlines potential future developments in Robotic Building. This book offers an overview of the developments within robotics in architecture so far, and explains the future possibilities of this field. The study of interactions between human and non-human agents at building, design, production and operation level will interest readers seeking information on architecture, design-to-robotic-production and design-to-robotic-operation.

Mechanical Behaviour Of Materials

Author: Dominique François
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792348955
Size: 60.35 MB
Format: PDF
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Designing new structural materials, extending lifetimes and guarding against fracture in service are among the preoccupations of engineers, and to deal with these they need to have command of the mechanics of material behaviour. The first volume of this two-volume work deals with elastic and elastoplastic behaviour; this second volume continues with viscoelasticity, damage, fracture (resistance to cracking) and contact mechanics. As in Volume I, the treatment starts from the active mechanisms on the microscopic scale and develops the laws of macroscopic behaviour. Chapter I deals with viscoplastic behaviour, as shown, for example, at low temperatures by the effects of oscillatory loads and at high temperatures by creep under steady load. Chapter 2 treats damage phenomena encountered in all materials - for example, metals, polymers, glasses, concretes - such as cavitation, fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking. Chapter 3 treats those concepts of fracture mechanics that are needed for the understanding of resistance to cracking and Chapter 4 completes the volume with a survey of the main concepts of contact mechanics. As with Volume I, each chapter has a set of exercises, either with solutions or with indications of how to attack the problem; and there are many explanatory diagrams and other illustrations.

Mechanical Behavior Of Materials

Author: Marc André Meyers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521866758
Size: 53.21 MB
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A balanced mechanics-materials approach to mechanical behavior that now also covers biomaterials and electronic materials, ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses.

Advancement Of Optical Methods In Experimental Mechanics Volume 3

Author: Helena Jin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319224468
Size: 75.20 MB
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Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3 of the Proceedings of the 2015SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of optical methods ranging from traditional photoelasticity and interferometry to more recent DIC and DVC techniques, and includes papers in the following general technical research areas: Advanced optical interferometry Developments in Image correlation (Digital &Volumetric ) Full Field Methods Novel Optical Methods for Stress/Strain Analysis Advances in Optical Methods

Iutam Symposium On Mechanics And Reliability Of Actuating Materials

Author: W. Yang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402041314
Size: 18.69 MB
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Actuating materials hold a promise for fast-spreading applications in smart structures and active control systems, and have attracted extensive attention from scientists of both mechanics and materials sciences communities. High performance and stability of actuating materials and structures play a decisive role in their successive applications as sensors and actuators in structural control and robotics. The advances of actuating materials, however, recently encountered a severe reliability issue. For a better understanding toward this issue, scientific efforts are of paramount significance to gain a deep insight into the intricate deformation and failure behaviors of actuating materials. To examine the state of the art in this subject, the general assembly of IUTAM approved in August, 2002 at Cambridge University, UK, a proposal to hold an IUTAM symposium to summarize the relevant research findings. The main themes of the symposium are: (i) the constitutive relations of actuating materials that couple mechanical, electrical, thermal and magnetic properties, as well as incorporate phase transformation and domain switch; (ii) the physical mechanisms of deformation, damage, and fatigue crack growth of actuating materials; (iii) the development of failure-resilient approaches that base on the macro-, meso-, and micro-mechanics analyses; (iv) the investigation of microstructural evolution, stability of phase transformation, and size effects of ferroelectric ceramics, shape memory alloys, actuating polymers, and bio-actuating materials. The above problems represent an exciting challenge and form a research thrust of both materials science and solid mechanics. The IUTAM Symposium (GA.

Proceedings Of The 7th International Conference On Discrete Element Methods

Author: Xikui Li
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811019266
Size: 48.22 MB
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This book presents the latest advances in Discrete Element Methods (DEM) and technology. It is the proceeding of 7th International Conference on DEM which was held at Dalian University of Technology on August 1 - 4, 2016. The subject of this book are the DEM and related computational techniques such as DDA, FEM/DEM, molecular dynamics, SPH, Meshless methods, etc., which are the main computational methods for modeling discontinua. In comparison to continua which have been already studied for a long time, the research of discontinua is relatively new, but increases dramatically in recent years and has already become an important field. This book will benefit researchers and scientists from the academic fields of physics, engineering and applied mathematics, as well as from industry and national laboratories who are interested in the DEM.

Micromechanics In Practice

Author: Michal Šejnoha
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845646827
Size: 22.29 MB
Format: PDF
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The book will concentrate on the application of micromechanics to the analysis of practical engineering problems. Both classical composites represented by carbon/carbon textile laminates and applications in Civil Engineering including asphalts and masonry structures will be considered. A common denominator of these considerably distinct material systems will be randomness of their internal structure. Also, owing to their complexity, all material systems will be studied on multiple scales. Since real engineering, rather than academic, problems are of the main interest, these scales will be treated independently from each other on the grounds of fully uncoupled multi-scale analysis. Attention will be limited to elastic and viscoelastic behaviour and to the linear heat transfer analysis. To achieve this, the book will address two different approaches to the homogenization of systems with random microstructures. In particular, classical averaging schemes based on the Eshelby solution of a solitary inclusion in an infinite medium represented by the Hashin-Shtrikman variational principles or by considerably simpler and more popular Mori-Tanaka method will be compared to detailed finite element simulations of a certain representative volume element (RVE) representing accommodated geometrical details of respective microstructures. These are derived by matching material statistics such as the one- and two-point probability functions of real and artificial microstructures. The latter one is termed the statistically equivalent periodic unit cell owing to the assumed periodic arrangement of reinforcements (carbon fibres, carbon fibre tows, stones or masonry bricks) in a certain matrix (carbon matrix, asphalt mastic, mortar). Other types of materials will be introduced in the form of exercises with emphases to the application of the Mori-Tanaka method in the framework of the previously mentioned uncoupled multi-scale analysis

Plasticity And Beyond

Author: Jörg Schröder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709116252
Size: 77.94 MB
Format: PDF
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The book presents the latest findings in experimental plasticity, crystal plasticity, phase transitions, advanced mathematical modeling of finite plasticity and multi-scale modeling. The associated algorithmic treatment is mainly based on finite element formulations for standard (local approach) as well as for non-standard (non-local approach) continua and for pure macroscopic as well as for directly coupled two-scale boundary value problems. Applications in the area of material design/processing are covered, ranging from grain boundary effects in polycrystals and phase transitions to deep-drawing of multiphase steels by directly taking into account random microstructures.