Mathematical Models Of Perception And Cognition Volume Ii

Author: Joseph W. Houpt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317297490
Size: 78.54 MB
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In this two volume festschrift, contributors explore the theoretical developments (Volume I) and applications (Volume II) in traditional cognitive psychology domains, and model other areas of human performance that benefit from rigorous mathematical approaches. It brings together former classmates, students and colleagues of Dr. James T. Townsend, a pioneering researcher in the field since the early 1960s, to provide a current overview of mathematical modeling in psychology. Townsend’s research critically emphasized a need for rigor in the practice of cognitive modeling, and for providing mathematical definition and structure to ill-defined psychological topics. The research captured demonstrates how the interplay of theory and application, bridged by rigorous mathematics, can move cognitive modeling forward.

Mathematical Models Of Perception And Cognition Volume I

Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781138600263
Size: 20.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6881
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In this two volume festschrift, contributors explore the theoretical developments (Volume I) and applications (Volume II) in traditional cognitive psychology domains, and model other areas of human performance that benefit from rigorous mathematical approaches. It brings together former classmates, students and colleagues of Dr. James T. Townsend, a pioneering researcher in the field since the early 1960s, to provide a current overview of mathematical modeling in psychology. Townsend's research critically emphasized a need for rigor in the practice of cognitive modeling, and for providing mathematical definition and structure to ill-defined psychological topics. The research captured demonstrates how the interplay of theory and application, bridged by rigorous mathematics, can move cognitive modeling forward.

Mathematical Models Of Perception And Cognition Volume I

Author: Joseph W. Houpt
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317297520
Size: 40.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 900
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In this two volume festschrift, contributors explore the theoretical developments (Volume I) and applications (Volume II) in traditional cognitive psychology domains, and model other areas of human performance that benefit from rigorous mathematical approaches. It brings together former classmates, students and colleagues of Dr. James T. Townsend, a pioneering researcher in the field since the early 1960s, to provide a current overview of mathematical modeling in psychology. Townsend’s research critically emphasized a need for rigor in the practice of cognitive modeling, and for providing mathematical definition and structure to ill-defined psychological topics. The research captured demonstrates how the interplay of theory and application, bridged by rigorous mathematics, can move cognitive modeling forward.

Systems Factorial Technology

Author: Daniel Little
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128043865
Size: 38.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Systems Factorial Technology: A Theory Driven Methodology for the Identification of Perceptual and Cognitive Mechanisms explores the theoretical and methodological tools used to investigate fundamental questions central to basic psychological and perceptual processes. Such processes include detection, identification, classification, recognition, and decision-making. This book collects the tools that allow researchers to deal with the pervasive model mimicry problems which exist in standard experimental and theoretical paradigms and includes novel applications to not only basic psychological questions, but also clinical diagnosis and links to neuroscience. Researchers can use this book to begin using the methodology behind SFT and to get an overview of current uses and future directions. The collected developments and applications of SFT allow us to peer inside the human mind and provide strong constraints on psychological theory. Provides a thorough introduction to the diagnostic tools offered by SFT Includes a tutorial on applying the method to reaction time data from a variety of different situations Introduces novel advances for testing the significance of SFT results Incorporates new measures that allow for the relaxation of the high accuracy criterion Examines tools to expand the scope of SFT analyses Applies SFT to a spectrum of different cognitive domains across different sensory modalities

The Ecological Approach To Visual Perception

Author: James J. Gibson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317579372
Size: 73.94 MB
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This book, first published in 1979, is about how we see: the environment around us (its surfaces, their layout, and their colors and textures); where we are in the environment; whether or not we are moving and, if we are, where we are going; what things are good for; how to do things (to thread a needle or drive an automobile); or why things look as they do. The basic assumption is that vision depends on the eye which is connected to the brain. The author suggests that natural vision depends on the eyes in the head on a body supported by the ground, the brain being only the central organ of a complete visual system. When no constraints are put on the visual system, people look around, walk up to something interesting and move around it so as to see it from all sides, and go from one vista to another. That is natural vision -- and what this book is about.

Human And Machine Thinking

Author: Philip N. Johnson-Laird
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135440379
Size: 47.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book aims to reach an understanding of how the mind carries out three sorts of thinking -- deduction, induction, and creation -- to consider what goes right and what goes wrong, and to explore computational models of these sorts of thinking. Written for students of the mind -- psychologists, computer scientists, philosophers, linguists, and other cognitive scientists -- it also provides general readers with a self-contained account of human and machine thinking. The author presents his point of view, rather than a review, as simply as possible so that no technical background is required. Like the field of research itself, it calls for hard thinking about thinking.

Dominance And Aggression In Humans And Other Animals

Author: Henry R. Hermann
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128092955
Size: 28.67 MB
Format: PDF
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Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals: The Great Game of Life examines human nature and the influence of evolution, genetics, chemistry, nurture, and the sociopolitical environment as a way of understanding how and why humans behave in aggressive and dominant ways. The book walks us through aggression in other social species, compares and contrasts human behavior to other animals, and then explores specific human behaviors like bullying, abuse, territoriality murder, and war. The book examines both individual and group aggression in different environments including work, school, and the home. It explores common stressors triggering aggressive behaviors, and how individual personalities can be vulnerable to, or resistant to, these stressors. The book closes with an exploration of the cumulative impact of human aggression and dominance on the natural world. Reviews the influence of evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and nurture on aggression Explores aggression in multiple species, including insects, fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals Compares human and animal aggressive and dominant behavior Examines bullying, abuse, territoriality, murder, and war Includes nonaggressive behavior in displays of respect and tolerance Highlights aggression triggers from drugs to stress Discusses individual and group behavior, including organizations and nations Probes dominance and aggression in religion and politics Translates the impact of human behavior over time on the natural world

Silent Takeover

Author: Jacquelyn Sheppard
Publisher: Destiny Image Incorporated
ISBN: 9780768409246
Size: 70.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Experience the Complete Freedom God Originally Planned for You--Body, Mind, and Spirit Do you feel like depression, anxiety, or addiction have hijacked your life? Mental and emotional disorders impact every part of society--and disrupt life for even the most spiritually devout, intelligent and respected people. Unfortunately, many who suffer from these devastating disorders seek healing through costly, and sometimes harmful, counseling and medications--measures which may bring temporary relief but do not fully correct the underlying problem. Jacquelyn Sheppard exposes the vital connection between your body, mind, and spirit--and gives you practical tools to: understand the connection between your mind and body and discover root causes for such illnesses as depression, addiction, bipolar disorder, OCD, and others. identify the life cycles of each disorder --prenatal, childhood, adolescence and adulthood-- so you can overcome each cycle using the right tools. gain practical "know-how" to effectively combat these disorders through life-giving steps of health transformation. Reclaim your emotional and mental wellbeing! Silent Takeover delivers ancient wisdom, accessible science, simple nutrition, and life experience while providing a clear blueprint to help you pioneer a new life pathway. Don't let your past determine your future--change is possible!

Measurement And Representation Of Sensations

Author: Hans Colonius
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136871780
Size: 15.33 MB
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Measurement and Representation of Sensations offers a glimpse into the most sophisticated current mathematical approaches to psychophysical problems. In this book, editors Hans Colonius and Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov, top scholars in the field, present a broad spectrum of innovative approaches and techniques to classical problems in psychophysics at different levels of stimulus complexity. The chapters emphasize rigorous mathematical constructions to define psychophysical concepts and relate them to observable phenomena. The techniques presented, both deterministic and probabilistic, are all original and recent. Subjects addressed throughout the six chapters of this volume include: *computing subjective distances from discriminability; *a new psychophysical theory of intensity judgments; *computing subjective distances from two discriminability functions; *an alternative to the model-building approach based on observable probabilities; and *possible forms of perceptual separability developed within a generalization of General Recognition Theory. Measurement and Representation of Sensations is a valuable text for both behavioral scientists and applied mathematicians.

Homo Symbolicus

Author: Christopher Stuart Henshilwood
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027211892
Size: 42.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The emergence of symbolic culture, classically identified with the European cave paintings of the Ice Age, is now seen, in the light of recent groundbreaking discoveries, as a complex nonlinear process taking root in a remote past and in different regions of the planet. In this book the archaeologists responsible for some of these new discoveries, flanked by ethologists interested in primate cognition and cultural transmission, evolutionary psychologists modelling the emergence of metarepresentations, as well as biologists, philosophers, neuro-scientists and an astronomer combine their research findings. Their results call into question our very conception of human nature and animal behaviour, and they create epistemological bridges between disciplines that build the foundations for a novel vision of our lineage's cultural trajectory and the processes that have led to the emergence of human societies as we know them.