Mathematical Modelling For Polymer Processing

Author: Vincenzo Capasso
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642557716
Size: 43.79 MB
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Polymers are substances made of macromolecules formed by thousands of atoms organized in one (homopolymers) or more (copolymers) groups that repeat themselves to form linear or branched chains, or lattice structures. The concept of polymer traces back to the years 1920's and is one of the most significant ideas of last century. It has given great impulse to indus try but also to fundamental research, including life sciences. Macromolecules are made of sm all molecules known as monomers. The process that brings monomers into polymers is known as polymerization. A fundamental contri bution to the industrial production of polymers, particularly polypropylene and polyethylene, is due to the Nobel prize winners Giulio Natta and Karl Ziegler. The ideas of Ziegler and Natta date back to 1954, and the process has been improved continuously over the years, particularly concerning the design and shaping of the catalysts. Chapter 1 (due to A. Fasano ) is devoted to a review of some results concerning the modelling of the Ziegler- Natta polymerization. The specific ex am pie is the production of polypropilene. The process is extremely complex and all studies with relevant mathematical contents are fairly recent, and several problems are still open.

Modeling Simulation And Optimization Of Complex Processes

Author: Hans Georg Bock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540794093
Size: 41.38 MB
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This proceedings volume covers the broad interdisciplinary spectrum of scientific computing and presents recent advances in theory, development of methods, and applications in practice.

Free Boundary Problems

Author: Pierluigi Colli
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034878931
Size: 14.97 MB
Format: PDF
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Many phenomena of interest for applications are represented by differential equations which are defined in a domain whose boundary is a priori unknown, and is accordingly named a "free boundary". A further quantitative condition is then provided in order to exclude indeterminacy. Free boundary problems thus encompass a broad spectrum which is represented in this state-of-the-art volume by a variety of contributions of researchers in mathematics and applied fields like physics, biology and material sciences. Special emphasis has been reserved for mathematical modelling and for the formulation of new problems.

Progress In Industrial Mathematics At Ecmi 2012

Author: Magnus Fontes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319053655
Size: 46.77 MB
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This book contains the proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry, ECMI2012, held in Lund, Sweden, July 2012, at which ECMI celebrated its 25th anniversary. It covers mathematics in a wide range of applications and methods, from circuit and electromagnetic devices, environment, fibers, flow, medicine, robotics and automotive industry, further applications to methods and education. The book includes contributions from leading figures in business, science and academia that promote the application of mathematics to industry and emphasize industrial sectors that offer the most exciting opportunities. The contributions reinforce the role of mathematics as being a catalyst for innovation as well as an overarching resource for industry and business. The book features an accessible presentation of real-world problems in industry and finance, provides insight and tools for engineers and scientists who will help them to solve similar problems and offers modeling and simulation techniques that will provide mathematicians with a source of fresh ideas and inspiration.

Stochastic Geometry

Author: A. Baddeley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540381759
Size: 38.29 MB
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Stochastic Geometry is the mathematical discipline which studies mathematical models for random geometric structures. This book collects lectures presented at the CIME summer school in Martina Franca in September 2004. The main lecturers covered Spatial Statistics, Random Points, Integral Geometry and Random Sets. These are complemented by two additional contributions on Random Mosaics and Crystallization Processes. The book presents a comprehensive and up-to-date description of important aspects of Stochastic Geometry.

Rheological Fundamentals Of Polymer Processing

Author: Jose Covas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401585717
Size: 52.49 MB
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Experts in rheology and polymer processing present up-to-date, fundamental and applied information on the rheological properties of polymers, in particular those relevant to processing, contributing to the physical understanding and the mathematical modelling of polymer processing sequences. Basic concepts of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, micro-rheological modelling and constitutive modelling are reviewed, and rheological measurements are described. Topics with practical relevance are debated, such as linear viscoelasticity, converging and diverging flows, and the rheology of multiphase systems. Approximation methods are discussed for the computer modelling of polymer melt flow. Subsequently, polymer processing technologies are studied from both simulation and engineering perspectives. Mixing, crystallization and reactive processing aspects are also included. Audience: An integrated and complete view of polymer processing and rheology, important to institutions and individuals engaged in the characterisation, testing, compounding, modification and processing of polymeric materials. Can also support academic polymer processing engineering programs.

Books In Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 70.45 MB
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Product And Process Modelling

Author: I. T. Cameron
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444531610
Size: 47.36 MB
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This book covers the area of product and process modelling via a case study approach. It addresses a wide range of modelling applications with emphasis on modelling methodology and the subsequent in-depth analysis of mathematical models to gain insight via structural aspects of the models. These approaches are put into the context of life cycle modelling, where multiscale and multiform modelling is increasingly prevalent in the 21st century. The book commences with a discussion of modern product and process modelling theory and practice followed by a series of case studies drawn from a variety of process industries. The book builds on the extensive modelling experience of the authors, who have developed models for both research and industrial purposes. It complements existing books by the authors in the modelling area. Those areas include the traditional petroleum and petrochemical industries to biotechnology applications, food, polymer and human health application areas. The book highlights to important nature of modern product and process modelling in the decision making processes across the life cycle. As such it provides an important resource for students, researchers and industrial practitioners. Ian Cameron is Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Queensland with teaching, research, and consulting activities in process systems engineering. He has a particular interest in process modelling, dynamic simulation, and the application of functional systems perspectives to risk management, having extensive industrial experience in these areas. He continues to work closely with industry and government on systems approaches to process and risk management issues. He received his BE from the University of New South Wales (Australia) and his PhD from imperial College London. He is a Fellow of IChemE. Rafiqul Gani is a Professor of Systems Design at the Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, and the director of the Computer Aided Product-Process Engineering Center (CAPEC). His research interests include the development of computer-aided methods and tools for modelling, property estimation and process-product synthesis and design. He received his BSc from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology in 1975, and his MSc in 1976 and PhD in 1980 from Imperial College London. He is the editor-in-chief of Computers and Chemical Engineering journal and Fellow of IChemE as well as AIChE. Product and process modelling; a wide range of case studies are covered Structural analysis of model systems; insights into structure and solvability Analysis of future developments; potential directions and significant research and development problems to be addressed