Macroengineering

Author: John Darabaris
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420008811
Size: 41.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Environmental restoration has entered an era of faster, better, cheaper. Uniquely suited to meet all of those requirements, macroengineering has become one of the hottest concepts in the field. Macroengineering: An Environmental Restoration Management Process provides a comprehensive understanding of all the technical, cost, and regulatory issues that an environmental project manager would potentially face on a large scale environmental restoration project. The author makes the case for integrated planning and management of environmental restoration projects and provides money-saving solutions. The text delineates the many issues a project or program manager will typically face on a complex, large-scale environmental restoration project. The author addresses unique technical issues encountered during DOD and DOE environmental cleanup efforts, such as radionuclide contamination, unexploded ordinance, heavy metals, and other common contaminants. Referencing the most recent regulations and practices in environmental cleanup projects, the book also includes useful charts and tables and serves both as a classroom text and a professional reference. Describing how to get the job done efficiently and cost-effectively, the text combines practical technological information with project management information to form one comprehensive volume. The author distills knowledge from many disciplines into a concise and cohesive text, providing a starting point and stressing the interconnection between key elements. Emphasizing the integrative nature of macroengineering projects, the book gives you the tools to ensure that organizational resources you have committed to environmental restoration are used to their best advantage.

Macro Engineering Seawater In Unique Environments

Author: Viorel Badescu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642147791
Size: 45.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The subjects refer to histories of ancient and modern use of seacoasts; possible macro-projects capable of massive changes in the coastlines of the Dead Sea, Red Sea and Persian Gulf caused by canal and massively scaled hydropower dam installations; relevant macro-projects for the Black Sea and Baltic Sea; possibilities of refreshment of the Aral Sea and Iran’s Lake Uremia with seawater or river freshwater importation macro-projects; potential rehabilitation of some vital arid zone regions now dominated by moving or movable surface granular materials using unique and unusual macro-projects; seawater flooding of land regions situated below present-day global sea-level; harnessing energy and obtaining freshwater from the world’s salt-laden ocean by modern industrial means; various macro-projects designed specifically for the protection (reduction of vulnerability) of particular Earth geographical regions.

Macro Engineering And The Earth

Author: U W Kitzinger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782420584
Size: 45.26 MB
Format: PDF
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This work delivers ideas, comments and projects on energy, communications, transport, management, human resources, and financial and legal issues which macroengineering can contribute towards the solution of the Earth's environmental problems. Some 20 engineers and scholars identify problems in the next century whose solutions call for international policy planning and a more collaborative, peaceful and prosperous world order. Imaginative concepts employ forward thinking for applying technology in revolutionary projects. The book presents results of research on a triple helical turbine capable of extracting vast amounts of energy from slow-moving water, an invention which could harness rivers and ocean currents, rendering high dams (with their political, social and ecological implications) redundant. These turbines are already in mass production in the USA for use in the Gulf Stream to produce energy and hydrogen fuel, and can also be used to harness power from the wind. Another project, for which the technology is already available, will harvest solar energy by satellites stationed beyond our atmosphere and beam it to the Earth; and yet another calls for planetary defence of Earth against asteroid collisions. The environmental section discusses large projects for changing our climate, planning and costing for a sub-Mediterranean aqueduct connecting the River Rhone in France with Algeria, and plans for intensive fish farming of the oceans. The role of satellites includes telemedicine, and there are Swiss plans for further tunnelling through the Alps. Project management sections include the formation of a military-civilian conservation corps, financial and legal issues, macro-projects in China, and a forecast of 21st century macro-problems. Delivers ideas, comments and projects on energy, communications, transport, management, human resources, and financial and legal issues which macroengineering can contribute to the solution of the Earth’s environmental problems Identifies problems in the next century whose solutions call for international policy planning and a more collaborative, peaceful and prosperous world order Presents research on a triple helical turbine capable of extracting vast amounts of energy from slow-moving water

Macro Engineering

Author: F P Davidson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782420576
Size: 53.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume makes available a reflection on large-scale engineering for building a better world. International authorities from engineering, oceanography, academia, public service, and law describe how great and imaginative concepts may be refined, tested, adapted, financed, implemented and put to use. Here are records and commentaries about some of the world's significant engineering achievements, including the planning and design of Nigeria's new capital city, and the use of software by the US military to clean up the Exxon-Valdez oil spill pollution in Alaska. Describes a method of large-scale engineering for building a better world Provides records and commentaries about significant engineering achievements International authorities from engineering, oceanography, academia, public service and law describe how great and imaginative concepts may be refined, tested, adapted, financed and implemented

New Century New Trends

Author: J. J. Persensky
Publisher: Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers(IEEE)
ISBN: 9780780374508
Size: 19.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Progress In Botany

Author: Ulrich Lüttge
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642309674
Size: 15.71 MB
Format: PDF
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With one volume each year, this series keeps scientists and advanced students informed of the latest developments and results in all areas of the plant sciences. The present volume includes reviews on genetics, cell biology, physiology, comparative morphology, systematics, ecology, and vegetation science.

Foundations Of Restoration Ecology

Author: Margaret A. Palmer
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610916980
Size: 48.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The practice of ecological restoration, firmly grounded in the science of restoration ecology, provides governments, organizations, and landowners a means to halt degradation and restore function and resilience to ecosystems stressed by climate change and other pressures on the natural world. Foundational theory is a critical component of the underlying science, providing valuable insights into restoring ecological systems effectively and understanding why some efforts to restore systems can fail. In turn, on-the-ground restoration projects can help to guide and refine theory, advancing the field and providing new ideas and innovations for practical application. This new edition of Foundations of Restoration Ecology provides the latest emerging theories and ideas in the science of restoration ecology. Fully one-third longer than the first edition and comprehensive in scope, it has been dramatically updated to reflect new research. Included are new sections devoted to concepts critical to all restoration projects as well as restoration of specific ecosystem processes, including hydrology, nutrient dynamics, and carbon. Also new to this edition are case studies that describe real-life restoration scenarios in North and South America, Europe, and Australia. They highlight supporting theory for restoration application and other details important for assessing the degree of success of restoration projects in a variety of contexts. Lists at the end of each chapter summarize new theory introduced in that chapter and its practical application. Written by acclaimed researchers in the field, this book provides practitioners as well as graduate and undergraduate students with a solid grounding in the newest advances in ecological science and theory.

Ecological Engineering

Author: William J. Mitsch
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 32.27 MB
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This international, interdisciplinary account presents a unified account of ecotechnology--the practice of ecologically sound approaches to engineering. The first section of the book introduces the basic concepts and principles of ecotechnology. The second section of the book comprises case studies of ecological engineering from around the world, including cases from Denmark, China, Japan, the United States, and Canada. Most of the examples are applications of aquatic ecosystems, such as hydrological modification, pollution control, wetland management, and lake, reservoir, and stream restoration. Chapters in the second section follow a common format--a survey of the problem or existing methodologies, a discussion of where and when these methods are ecologically sound, and a case study to illustrate in detail the proper use of the ecological engineering practice.

The Ecology And Management Of Prairies In The Central United States

Author: Chris Helzer
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1587299313
Size: 42.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Most prairies exist today as fragmented landscapes, making thoughtful and vigilant management ever more important. Intended for landowners and managers dedicated to understanding and nurturing their prairies as well as farmers, ranchers, conservationists, and all those with a strong interest in grasslands, ecologist Chris Helzer’s readable and practical manual educates prairie owners and managers about grassland ecology and gives them guidelines for keeping prairies diverse, vigorous, and viable. Chapters in the first section, "Prairie Ecology," describe prairie plants and the communities they live in, the ways in which disturbance modifies plant communities, the animal and plant inhabitants that are key to prairie survival, and the importance of diversity within plant and animal communities. Chapters in the second section, "Prairie Management," explore the adaptive management process as well as guiding principles for designing management strategies, examples of successful management systems such as fire and grazing, guidance for dealing with birds and other species that have particular habitat requirements and with the invasive species that have become the most serious threat that prairie managers have to deal with, and general techniques for prairie restoration. Following the conclusion and a forward-thinking note on climate change, eight appendixes provide more information on grazing, prescribed fire, and invasive species as well as bibliographic notes, references, and national and state organizations with expertise in prairie management. Grasslands can be found throughout much of North America, and the ideas and strategies in this book apply to most of them, particularly tallgrass and mixed-grass prairies in eastern North Dakota, eastern South Dakota, eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, eastern Oklahoma, northwestern Missouri, northern Illinois, northwestern Indiana, Iowa, southwestern Wisconsin, and southwestern Minnesota. By presenting all the factors that promote biological diversity and thus enhance prairie communities, then incorporating these factors into a set of clear-sighted management practices, The Ecology and Management of Prairies in the Central United States presents the tools necessary to ensure that grasslands are managed in the purposeful ways essential to the continued health and survival of prairie communities.