Looking For The Stranger

Author: Alice Kaplan
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022624170X
Size: 46.94 MB
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The Stranger is a rite of passage for readers around the world. Since its publication in France in 1942, Camus’s novel has been translated into sixty languages and sold more than six million copies. It’s the rare novel that’s as at likely to be found in a teen’s backpack as in a graduate philosophy seminar. If the twentieth century produced a novel that could be called ubiquitous, The Stranger is it. How did a young man in his twenties who had never written a novel turn out a masterpiece that still grips readers more than seventy years later? With Looking for “The Stranger”, Alice Kaplan tells that story. In the process, she reveals Camus’s achievement to have been even more impressive—and more unlikely—than even his most devoted readers knew. Born in poverty in colonial Algeria, Camus started out as a journalist covering the criminal courts. The murder trials he attended, Kaplan shows, would be a major influence on the development and themes of The Stranger. She follows Camus to France, and, making deft use of his diaries and letters, re-creates his lonely struggle with the novel in Montmartre, where he finally hit upon the unforgettable first-person voice that enabled him to break through and complete The Stranger. Even then, the book’s publication was far from certain. France was straining under German occupation, Camus’s closest mentor was unsure of the book’s merit, and Camus himself was suffering from near-fatal tuberculosis. Yet the book did appear, thanks in part to a resourceful publisher, Gaston Gallimard, who was undeterred by paper shortages and Nazi censorship. The initial critical reception of The Stranger was mixed, and it wasn’t until after liberation that The Stranger began its meteoric rise. As France and the rest of the world began to move out of the shadow of war, Kaplan shows, Camus’s book— with the help of an aggressive marketing campaign by Knopf for their 1946 publication of the first English translation—became a critical and commercial success, and Camus found himself one of the most famous writers in the world. Suddenly, his seemingly modest tale of alienation was being seen for what it really was: a powerful parable of the absurd, an existentialist masterpiece. Few books inspire devotion and excitement the way The Stranger does. And it couldn’t have a better biographer than Alice Kaplan, whose books about twentieth-century French culture and history have won her legions of fans. No reader of Camus will want to miss this brilliant exploration.

The Last Draft

Author: Sandra Scofield
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 152470508X
Size: 56.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The definitive handbook for the novelist who is ready to revise This wise and friendly guide shows writers how to turn first-draft manuscripts into the novels of their dreams. A critic, longtime teacher, and award-winning novelist, Sandra Scofield illustrates how to reread a work of fiction with a view of its subject and vision, and how to take it apart and put it back together again, stronger and deeper. Scofield builds her explanations around helpful concepts like narrative structure, character agency, and core scenes, using models from classic and contemporary writers. The detailed, step-by-step plan laid out in The Last Draft offers invaluable advice to both novice and experienced writers alike. In Scofield, they will find a seasoned, encouraging mentor to steer them through this emotional and intellectual journey.

Psychoanalysis And The Birth Of The Self

Author: Mark Leffert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429960409
Size: 28.63 MB
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This book draws psychoanalysis out of unsubstantiated, hermeneutic speculation and into the science and philosophy of the Self. Mark Leffert offers a survey of where we as human beings come from, going back into prehistory and our development as individuals. Psychoanalysis and the Birth of the Self is written to provide psychoanalysts with interdisciplinary information drawn from fields that they may have had little access to. Leffert undertakes a novel integration of topics not frequently discussed together, resulting in a radical critique of the theorization of psychoanalysis. The book begins by setting the story with a short analysis of the history of psychoanalysis. A new science has been founded on the recognition of the impossibility of separating evolution from development; it is called Evo-Devo. Applied to the human condition, it integrates development with palaeoanthropology and forms the basis for exploring such topics as the neurophilosophy of consciousness, the birth of the Self, and its neurodevelopment. It includes epigenetics in the conversation. Leffert then takes a radical turn, integrating the biological Evo-Devo of the Self with the study of its Existence that is, Existentialism and Phenomenology. The integration of these two threads, Evo-Devo and Existentialism offers a powerful and unique tool for exploring the Self. The author offers an innovative way of understanding an individual that pulls together their biology, their development, and the way they choose to exist in the world. It steps outside of the traditional ways of clinically understanding an individual not by abandoning them but rather by powerfully supplementing them. Psychoanalysis and the Birth of the Self offers a novel, interdisciplinary braiding of disparate strands of knowledge that will be of interest to psychoanalysts as well as those in the disciplines of neuroscience, existentialism and phenomenology, and anthropology.

Author: Shirley Jackson
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180307962
Size: 59.30 MB
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Στην απομονωμένη από το κοντινό χωριό οικία Μπλάκγουντ ζουν μόνες η Κόνστανς και η μικρότερη αδελφή της η Μέρικατ μαζί με τον άρρωστο γέρο θείο τους Τζούλιαν. Η οικογένειά τους ξεκληρίστηκε από δηλητηρίαση με αρσενικό και για το φονικό κατηγορήθηκε η Κόνστανς. Παρόλο που το κορίτσι αθωώθηκε, ο κόσμος του χωριού δεν αφήνει σε ησυχία τις αδελφές Μπλάκγουντ. Η Μέρικατ, που προσπαθεί με φυλαχτά και ξόρκια να διατηρήσει αδιατάρακτο τον έτσι κι αλλιώς εύθραυστο τρόπο ζωής τους, θα κάνει ό,τι περνάει από το χέρι της για να προστατέψει την εναπομείνασα οικογένειά της όταν καταφθάνει ο ξάδερφος Τσαρλς εξαπολύοντας επίθεση φιλίας στην Κόνστανς, ενώ επιζητά απελπισμένα το περιεχόμενο του θησαυροφυλακίου τους.

Author: Anthony Marra
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Ίκαρος
ISBN: 9605721333
Size: 69.95 MB
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Η εξαιρετικά καλογραμμένη συλλογή διηγημάτων του Anthony Marra, σκιαγραφεί μια πλειάδα αξέχαστων χαρακτήρων των οποίων οι ζωές διασταυρώνονται μεταξύ τους με τρόπο σπαραχτικό. Την δεκαετία του 1930 στο Λένινγκραντ, ένας ζωγράφος-διορθωτής επεξεργάζεται επίμαχες φωτογραφίες για λογαριασμό του Κόμματος του Στάλιν, σβήνοντας και αλλοιώνοντας πρόσωπα με τον αερογράφο του. Μαγεμένος από την εικόνα μιας μπαλαρίνας, βρίσκεται κατηγορούμενος για σχέση με την πολωνική κατασκοπεία. Μια ομάδα γυναικών αφηγείται τις ιστορίες της αλλά και αυτές των γιαγιάδων τους, πρώην κρατουμένων της Γκουλάγκ, που εγκαταστάθηκαν σε πόλη ορυχείων της Σιβηρίας. Δύο ζεύγη αδερφών μοιράζονται μια άγρια, προστατευτική αγάπη. Νεαροί άνδρες σε ολόκληρη τη πρώην Σοβιετική Ένωση αντιμετωπίζουν τη βία στο σπίτι και στο στρατόπεδο. Μεγάλες θυσίες γίνονται και στο όνομα ενός πετρελαιοειδούς τοπίου, το οποίο είναι συνηθισμένο εκτός από το σχεδόν ακατανόητο ειρηνικό παρελθόν που απεικονίζει. Ο Τσάρος της αγάπης και της τέκνο, με εκπληκτική πρόζα μιλά για τη ματαιότητα της προσπάθειας να εξαλειφθούν άνθρωποι και γεγονότα, για την ανθρώπινη προσαρμοστικότητα, το παράλογο της ζωής και του πολέμου, αλλά και το πόσο μικρή είναι η ζωή μας σε σχέση με το μέγεθος του σύμπαντος.

Author: Thomas Wolfe
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180311285
Size: 71.77 MB
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Το αυτοβιογραφικό βιβλίο του Thomas Wolfe Γύρνα σπίτι, άγγελέ μου, που τον καθιέρωσε ως μια από τις λαμπρότερες λογοτεχνικές φωνές του 20ού αιώνα ασκώντας σημαντική επιρροή στο έργο πολλών μεταγενέστερων συγγραφέων, κυκλοφόρησε το 1929. Γνώρισε μεγάλη επιτυχία, διασκευάστηκε για τη θεατρική σκηνή και μεταφράστηκε σε πολλές χώρες σε όλο τον κόσμο. Το μυθιστόρημα αφηγείται την ιστορία του Ευγένιου Γκαντ που μεγαλώνει σε μια μικρή επαρχιακή αμερικάνικη πόλη στις αρχές του προηγούμενου αιώνα. Μοναχικός παρίας αλλά και παθιασμένος αντιμέτωπος με έντονες καταστάσεις και με μια οικογενειακή τραγωδία πριν συνειδητοποιήσει ότι πρέπει να αφήσει το σπίτι του αν θέλει να διαμορφώσει την προσωπική του ταυτότητα.

Blood Dark

Author: Louis Guilloux
Publisher: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 1681371464
Size: 59.58 MB
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Set during World War I, this monumental philosophical novel about human despair inspired Albert Camus' own writing and prefigured the greater existential movement. Blood Dark tells the story of a brilliant philosopher trapped in a provincial town and of his spiraling descent into self-destruction. Cripure, as his students call him—the name a mocking contraction of Critique of Pure Reason—despises his colleagues, despairs of his charges, and is at odds with his family. The year is 1917, and the slaughter of the First World War goes on and on, with French soldiers not only dying in droves but also beginning to rise up in protest. Still haunted by the memory of the wife who left him long ago, Cripure turns his fury and scathing wit on everyone around him. Before he knows it, a trivial dispute with a complacently patriotic colleague has embroiled him in a duel.

The Outsider

Author: Albert Camus
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141904259
Size: 31.52 MB
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Meursault leads an apparently unremarkable bachelor life in Algiers until he commits a random act of violence. His lack of emotion and failure to show remorse only serve to increase his guilt in the eyes of the law, and challenges the fundamental values of society - a set of rules so binding that any person breaking them is condemned as an outsider. For Meursault, this is an insult to his reason and a betrayal of his hopes; for Camus it encapsulates the absurdity of life. In The Outsider (1942), his classic existentialist novel, Camus explores the predicament of the individual who refuses to pretend and is prepared to face the indifference of the universe, courageously and alone.

Author: Ουμπερτο Εκο
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789602350010
Size: 35.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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