Law Infrastructure And Human Rights

Author: Michael B. Likosky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458647
Size: 39.71 MB
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From attacks on oil infrastructure in post-war reconstruction Iraq to the laying of gas pipelines in the Amazon Rainforest through indigenous community villages, infrastructure projects are sites of intense human rights struggles. Many state and non-state actors have proposed solutions for handling human rights problems in the context of specific infrastructure projects. Solutions have been admired for being lofty in principle; however, they have been judged wanting in practice. This book analyzes how human rights are handled in varied contexts and then assesses the feasibility of a common international institutional solution under the auspices of the United Nations to the alleged problem of the inability to translate human rights into practice.

Property And Human Rights In A Global Context

Author: Ting Xu
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509901736
Size: 47.40 MB
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Property as a human rights concern is manifested through its incorporation in international instruments and as a subject of the law through property-related cases considered by international human rights organs. Yet, for the most part, the relationship between property and human rights has been discussed in rather superficial terms, lacking a clear substantive connection or common language. That said, the currents of globalisation have witnessed a new era of interrelation between these two areas of the law, including the emergence of international intellectual property law and the recognition of indigenous claims, which, in fundamental ways, speak to an engagement with human rights law. This collection starts the conversation between human rights lawyers and property lawyers and explores analytical approaches to the increasing relationship between property and human rights in a global context. The chapters engage with key theoretical and policy debates and range across three main themes: The re-evaluation of the public/private divide in the law; the tensions between the market and social justice in development and the balance between the rights of individuals and those of communities. The chapters adopt a global, comparative perspective and engage in case studies from countries including India, Philippines, Brazil, the United States, the United Kingdom and includes various regions of Africa and Europe.

International Financial Institutions And International Law

Author: David B. Hunter
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041128816
Size: 32.72 MB
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Five essays set out the general principles of international law that are applicable to the IFIs and consider how these are or should be evolving to produce IFIs that are respectful subjects of international law and accountable to all relevant stakeholders for their compliance with international law. Six more focus on selected aspects of the IFIs' operations that both raise important and challenging international legal issues and that have substantial impacts on both the different stakeholders in the operations of the IFIs, and on the sustainability and success of the operations. Introductory and concluding essays frame the volume. The many issues raised include the following: * IFIs' impact on economic policies in Member States; * IFI operations as private financial transactions; * IFIs as key players in the creation of international law; * IFIs as promoters of the international capitalist system; * IFIs as bearers of human rights obligations under international human rights law or as participants in the UN system; * consequences of an IFI's breach of its own internal policies or directives; * IFI immunity; * IFI capacity to sue and to be sued in national courts; * ability of various claimants to sue IFIs in domestic courts; * environmental and social rights and interests of third parties affected by IFI financing; * right of indigenous people to give their free, prior, and informed consent to IFI operations that affect them; and * IFIs' treatment of workers' rights.

International Human Rights In Context

Author: Henry J. Steiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019927942X
Size: 45.21 MB
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The third edition of International Human Rights in Context continues to bring sophisticated and thought-provoking analysis to the study of human rights within its wider social and cultural context. This widely acclaimed interdisciplinary coursebook presents a diverse range of carefully edited primary and secondary materials alongside extensive text, editorial commentary, and study questions. Within its conceptual framework, the book thoroughly covers the major topics of internationalhuman rights: the basic characteristics of international law; evolution of the human rights movement movement; civil, political, economic and social rights; the humanitarian laws of war; globalization; self-determination; women's rights; universalism and cultural relativisim; intergovernmental and nongovernmental institutions; implementation and enforcement; internal application of human rights norms; and the spread of constitutionalism. The third edition has been considerably revised and restructured to incoroprate new themes and topics including: human rights in relation to terrorism amd national security; responsibility of nonstate actors for human rights violations; recent substantial changes in sources and processes of international law; achieved and potential reforrm within UN human rights institution; theories about international organizations and their influence on state behavior. Its scope, challenging enquiries, and clarity make it the ideal companion for human rightsstudents, scholars, advocates and practitioners alike. Online Resource Centre The third edition will be accompanied by a new online resource centre which will house the Annex of Documents, allowing them to be updated between editions.

State Legitimacy And Failure In International Law

Author: Mario Silva
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004268847
Size: 24.23 MB
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Through scholarly consideration, State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law evaluates gaps in structural competency that precipitate state failure and examines the resulting consequences for the world community.

The Rise Of The Regulatory State Of The South

Author: Navroz K. Dubash
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668494
Size: 12.21 MB
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The 1990s and 2000s have witnessed a spurt of energetic institution-building in the developing world, as regulatory agencies emerge to take over the role of the executive in key sectors. This rise of the regulatory state of the south is barely noticed both by scholars of regulation and of development, let alone adequately documented and theorized. Yet the consequences for the role of the state and modalities of governance in the south are substantial, as politically charged decisions are handed over to formally technocratic agencies, creating new arenas and forms of contestation over the gains and losses from development decisions. Moreover, this shift in the developing world comes at a time when the regulatory state in the north is under considerable stress from the global financial crisis. Understanding the regulatory state of the south, and particularly forms of accommodation to political pressures, could stimulate a broader conversation around the role of the regulatory state in both north and south. This volume seeks to provoke such a discussion by empirically exploring the emergence of regulatory agencies of a range of developing countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The cases focus on telecommunications, electricity, and water: sectors that have often been at the frontlines of this transition. The central question for the volume is: Are there distinctive features of the regulatory state of the South, shaped by the political-economic context of the global south in the last two decades? To assist in exploring this question, the volume includes brief commentaries on the case studies from a range of disciplines: development economics, law and regulation, development sociology, and comparative politics. Collectively, the volume seeks to shape the contours of a productive inter-disciplinary conversation on the emergence of a significant empirical phenomenon - the rise of regulatory agencies in the developing world - with implications both for the study of regulation and the study of development.

Human Rights Brought Home

Author: Simon Halliday
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847311660
Size: 80.71 MB
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What practical impact does the incorporation of international human rights standards into domestic law have? This collection of essays explores human rights in domestic legal systems. The enactment of the Human Rights Act in 1998, ushering the European Convention on Human Rights fully into UK law, represented a landmark in the UK constitutional order. Other European states similarly have elevated the status of human rights in their domestic legal systems. However, whilst much has been written about doctrinal legal developments, little is yet known about the empirical effects of bringing rights home. This collection of essays, written by a range of distinguished socio-legal scholars, seeks to fill this gap in our knowledge. The essays, presenting new empirical research, begin their enquiry where many studies in human rights finish. The contributors do not stop at the recognition of international law and norms by states, but penetrate the internal workings of domestic legal systems to see the law in action - - as it is developed, contested, manipulated, or even ignored by actors such as judges, lawyers, civil servants, interest groups, and others. This distinctly socio-legal approach offers a unique contribution to the literature on human rights, exploring human rights law-in-action in developed countries. In doing so, it demonstrates the importance of looking beyond grand generalities and the hopes of international human rights law in order to understand the impact of the global human rights movement.

Privatising Development

Author: Michael Likosky
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004143319
Size: 24.55 MB
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This book looks at the shift since the 1980s away from state-financed and towards privatised international infrastructure projects. An interdisciplinary group of contributors look at the relationship between privatisation and human rights in diverse national settings and in multiple sectors of the economy. These issues are explored through international organisation frameworks and internal policies, legislative guides, contracts, and public-private partnerships. The roles of the World Bank, MIGA, export credit agencies, the UN Commission on International Trade Law, credit ratings agencies, international banks, TNCs, NGOs, community groups and state agencies are examined.

International Human Rights Law

Author: Javaid Rehman
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9781405811811
Size: 64.40 MB
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Javaid Rehman emphasises the practical aspects of International Human Rights Law, and introduces the reader to the broad scope of the subject.