Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475572883
Size: 73.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1566
The recovery is strong and imbalances are falling fast, aided by past reforms. External tailwinds and expansionary fiscal policy also buoyed activity and job creation. The economy is now more resilient but adjustments are incomplete and structural weaknesses persist. In particular, high unemployment, elevated public debt and shortcomings in the regional fiscal framework, feeble productivity growth, and the still large negative net international investment position pose policy challenges.

Tackling Youth Unemployment

Author: Morley Gunderson
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443857866
Size: 17.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1896
Youth have always had higher unemployment rates – about twice or more than the average – as they are usually the last to be hired in an expansion and the first to be let go in a recession. In addition, young people engage in extensive job searching in their early years, and this can imply considerable job churning as both youth and employers look for a good match. This highlights the importance of facilitating the school-to-work transition and having early interventions to assist such youth before negative conditions set in. It also highlights the potential importance of determining those young people most “at risk” of long-term unemployment, and of targeting or streaming them into programmes that will yield the largest incremental net benefits given their characteristics. Unemployed youth without previous work experience often are not eligible for unemployment insurance benefits when they first enter the labour market. When they do receive job search assistance, they often face a bewildering array of programmes that are available to assist them, often with little guidance to help them select the programs that best meet their needs. Consequently, ensuring that today’s youth do not become a “lost generation” is an urgent matter. George Bernard Shaw once said that it is too bad that “youth is wasted on the young”, implying that youth do not realize the opportunities they have as youth and only see them as they get older. There is a danger, however, that many of today’s youth may be never have those opportunities and hence not even see them with hindsight. This book and others in the ADAPT Labour Studies Book-Series are intended to deal with these challenges, to make sure that youth is not wasted on the young.

Oecd Economic Surveys Spain 2012

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264128336
Size: 43.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3770
OECD's 2012 Economic Survey of Spain examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects and takes a specia look at the banking crisis and youth employment.

Oecd Economic Surveys Spain 2012

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264128323
Size: 68.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 299
OECD's 2012 Economic Survey of Spain examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects and takes a special look at the banking crisis and youth employment.

Advanced Dc Ac Inverters

Author: Fang Lin Luo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351832352
Size: 46.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6076
DC/AC inversion technology is of vital importance for industrial applications, including electrical vehicles and renewable energy systems, which require a large number of inverters. In recent years, inversion technology has developed rapidly, with new topologies improving the power factor and increasing power efficiency. Proposing many novel approaches, Advanced DC/AC Inverters: Applications in Renewable Energy describes advanced DC/AC inverters that can be used for renewable energy systems. The book introduces more than 100 topologies of advanced inverters originally developed by the authors, including more than 50 new circuits. It also discusses recently published cutting-edge topologies. Novel PWM and Multilevel Inverters The book first covers traditional pulse-width-modulation (PWM) inverters before moving on to new quasi-impedance source inverters and soft-switching PWM inverters. It then examines multilevel DC/AC inverters, which have overcome the drawbacks of PWM inverters and provide greater scope for industrial applications. The authors propose four novel multilevel inverters: laddered multilevel inverters, super-lift modulated inverters, switched-capacitor inverters, and switched-inductor inverters. With simple structures and fewer components, these inverters are well suited for renewable energy systems. Get the Best Switching Angles for Any Multilevel Inverter A key topic for multilevel inverters is the need to manage the switching angles to obtain the lowest total harmonic distortion (THD). The authors outline four methods for finding the best switching angles and use simulation waveforms to verify the design. The optimum switching angles for multilevel DC/AC inverters are also listed in tables for quick reference. Application Examples of DC/AC Inverters in Renewable Energy Systems Highlighting the importance of inverters in improving energy saving and power-supply quality, the final chapter of the book supplies design examples for applications in wind turbine and solar panel energy systems. Written by pioneers in advanced conversion and inversion technology, this book guides readers in designing more effective DC/AC inverters for use in renewable energy systems.

Se Busca Libros Para Entender La Crisis

Author: Jesús Mercader
Publisher: DEBATE
ISBN: 8499924549
Size: 37.98 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7450
Este libro investiga el mercado de trabajo en España y estudia las causas y las posibles soluciones del paro. Un fantasma recorre España: el paro. La tasa de paro española ha sido siempre una de las más altas de los países de la Unión Europea, un dato que en el marco de la crisis actual excede todas las estadísticas y se manifiesta como un problema endémico de nuestro mercado de trabajo. Sin tecnicismos y con cierta ironía, Jesús R. Mercader aborda cuestiones fundamentales para comprender esta realidad. ¿Por qué es tan alto el paro en España? ¿Cuáles son las razones del desempleo juvenil? ¿Qué es la flexiseguridad? ¿Es cierto que es más caro y más fácil despedir en España que en el resto de los países de Europa? ¿Qué es el «contrato único»? ¿Hasta cuándo durará nuestro sistema de pensiones? Se busca... es un libro práctico que invita a la reflexión y ofrece respuestas para ayudarnos a entender el mercado de trabajo, el primer paso para solucionar uno de los problemas sociales más acuciantes de nuestro país.

Labour Migration In Malaysia And Spain

Author: Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089642862
Size: 31.26 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2181
De overheid wordt in de regulering van arbeidsmigratie geconfronteerd met een dubbele paradox. Ten eerste: terwijl markten een op en grenzenbeleid vereisen om aan de behoefte van arbeidsmigranten en de marktvraag tegemoet te komen, leggen de grenzen die inherent zijn aan burgerschap een zekere afsluiting van de buitenwereld op. Ten tweede: terwijl de exclusiviteit die burgerschap met zich meebrengt een gesloten lidmaatschap vergt, ondermijnen burgerschap- en mensenrechten de mogelijkheid van de staat om buitenlanders uit te sluiten zodra zij zich in het land bevinden.

Okun S Law

Author: Laurence M. Ball
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475585748
Size: 16.50 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4246
This paper asks how well Okun’s Law fits short-run unemployment movements in the United States since 1948 and in twenty advanced economies since 1980. We find that Okun’s Law isa strong and stable relationship in most countries, one that did not change substantiallyduring the Great Recession. Accounts of breakdowns in the Law, such as the emergence of“jobless recoveries,” are flawed. We also find that the coefficient in the relationship—the effect of a one percent change in output on the unemployment rate—varies substantially across countries. This variation is partly explained by idiosyncratic features of national labormarkets, but it is not related to differences in employment protection legislation.