Free Innovation

Author: Eric von Hippel
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262335476
Size: 23.32 MB
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In this book, Eric von Hippel, author of the influential Democratizing Innovation, integrates new theory and research findings into the framework of a "free innovation paradigm." Free innovation, as he defines it, involves innovations developed by consumers who are self-rewarded for their efforts, and who give their designs away "for free." It is an inherently simple grassroots innovation process, unencumbered by compensated transactions and intellectual property rights.Free innovation is already widespread in national economies and is steadily increasing in both scale and scope. Today, tens of millions of consumers are collectively spending tens of billions of dollars annually on innovation development. However, because free innovations are developed during consumers' unpaid, discretionary time and are given away rather than sold, their collective impact and value have until very recently been hidden from view. This has caused researchers, governments, and firms to focus too much on the Schumpeterian idea of innovation as a producer-dominated activity. Free innovation has both advantages and drawbacks. Because free innovators are self-rewarded by such factors as personal utility, learning, and fun, they often pioneer new areas before producers see commercial potential. At the same time, because they give away their innovations, free innovators generally have very little incentive to invest in diffusing what they create, which reduces the social value of their efforts. The best solution, von Hippel and his colleagues argue, is a division of labor between free innovators and producers, enabling each to do what they do best. The result will be both increased producer profits and increased social welfare -- a gain for all.

Demetrius

Author: Friedrich Schiller
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5040893493
Size: 50.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sustainable Food Planning

Author: André Viljoen
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9086861873
Size: 80.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Planning for sustainable food production and consumption is becoming an increasingly important issue for planners, policymakers, designers, farmers, suppliers, activists, business and scientists alike. This book reviews and elaborates definitions of sustainable food systems and begins to define ways of achieving them.

Die Anfange Der Musik

Author: Carl Stumpf
Publisher: Trieste Publishing
ISBN: 9780649088706
Size: 20.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Trieste Publishing has a massive catalogue of classic book titles. Our aim is to provide readers with the highest quality reproductions of fiction and non-fiction literature that has stood the test of time. The many thousands of books in our collection have been sourced from libraries and private collections around the world.The titles that Trieste Publishing has chosen to be part of the collection have been scanned to simulate the original. Our readers see the books the same way that their first readers did decades or a hundred or more years ago. Books from that period are often spoiled by imperfections that did not exist in the original. Imperfections could be in the form of blurred text, photographs, or missing pages. It is highly unlikely that this would occur with one of our books. Our extensive quality control ensures that the readers of Trieste Publishing's books will be delighted with their purchase. Our staff has thoroughly reviewed every page of all the books in the collection, repairing, or if necessary, rejecting titles that are not of the highest quality. This process ensures that the reader of one of Trieste Publishing's titles receives a volume that faithfully reproduces the original, and to the maximum degree possible, gives them the experience of owning the original work.We pride ourselves on not only creating a pathway to an extensive reservoir of books of the finest quality, but also providing value to every one of our readers. Generally, Trieste books are purchased singly - on demand, however they may also be purchased in bulk. Readers interested in bulk purchases are invited to contact us directly to enquire about our tailored bulk rates.

Drawing The Process

Author: Jo Davies
Publisher: Intellect Books
ISBN: 1841500763
Size: 55.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A major International conference on this theme took place in January 2003. To coincide with this event, this book documents and expands upon the theme of ''drawing the process.'' Much debate and research is currently undertaken in this area and it is the intention of the book to galvanise this, while providing a vehicle for deep enquiry. The publication will firstly comprise a collection of refereed papers representing a breadth of activity and research around the issues of drawing within the broad context of art and design activity. The second dimension of the book will be an examination of t.

Genre And Writing

Author: Wendy Bishop
Publisher: Boynton/Cook
ISBN: 9780867094213
Size: 34.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The theory and criticism of genres of writing was once a stable, staid area of English studies, based largely on a fixed taxonomy of genres and on the tenets of formalism. But with the rise of different postmodern theories, work in sociolinguistics, and the influence of contemporary research, these notions are now under dispute. Wendy Bishop and Hans Ostrom's new book takes a broad look at the new concepts and applications of "genre," presenting several theoretical, critical, and pedagogical perspectives. This collection includes many essays that explicitly concern and/or take into account student writing, including essays exploring links between "process" pedagogy and genre, and between social epistemic pedagogy and genre. Other essays explore the acquisition of genre familiarity; still others, the several possible social functions of genre. By design, these pieces often echo one another, or argue dialectically, in effect collaborating to pursue arguments and lines of inquiry about textual forms and functions. An additional team of contributors wrote brief responses to some of the essays as a way of building conversation and dialogue into the structure of the collection, as a way of inviting readers to imagine their own responses. To showcase these different perspectives, the editors have divided this volume into four sections, comprised of one to six essays each (some with responses), and three intersections where two essayists were paired because their texts either talked to, complicated, or illustrated one another. Bishop and Ostrom state, "Our purpose in stretching and teasing academic writing is not to be clever just for the sake of cleverness; instead we believe that a collection on genre should sweep around its own back door, so to speak; also we know the stretching and teasing and conversing will multiply useful connections, the ones most of us are trying to make these days between our lived lives, our teaching, our scholarship, and our research." Anyone trying to make connections of their own will find this book essential reading.

Perennial Scope Of Philosophy

Author: Karl Jaspers
Publisher: Kensington Publishing Corp.
ISBN: 0806537213
Size: 33.13 MB
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The text of six lectures in which Karl Jaspers redefines the position of philosophy in the world today, particularly in relation to science and theology, and defines and outlines his own philosophy.

Sociocultural Evolution

Author: Bruce G. Trigger
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781557869777
Size: 59.55 MB
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Sociocultural evolution is the most important concept that has guided social science thought over the past 300 years. Throughout this time it has, however, been fiercely contested and has changed as it has slowly discarded the providential concerns that originally characterized it. This book traces the gradual development of the concept of sociocultural evolution and relates how it is currently understood, and misunderstood, to the major political and cultural debates of the present day. The author examines, in particular, issues relating to neo-conservative socioeconomic policy and postmodernism, which he regards as the chief cultural expression of transnational capitalism. He argues that continued sociocultural development requires a greater degree of planning than ever before in human history and far more general participation in the planning process than has been possible or attempted in the past. Sociocultural Evolution will be welcomed by students of anthropology, history, and archaeology, as well as general readers interested in the concerns surrounding further technological development and social change.

Phonurgia Nova

Author: Athanasius Kircher
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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