The Philosophy Of John Scottus Eriugena

Author: Dermot Moran
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521892827
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This work is a substantial contribution to the history of philosophy. Its subject, the ninth-century philosopher John Scottus Eriugena, developed a form of idealism that owed as much to the Greek Neoplatonic tradition as to the Latin fathers and anticipated the priority of the subject in its modern, most radical statement: German idealism. Moran has written the most comprehensive study yet of Eriugena's philosophy, tracing the sources of his thinking and analyzing his most important text, the Periphyseon. This volume will be of special interest to historians of mediaeval philosophy, history, and theology.

Treatise On Divine Predestination

Author: John Scottus Eriugena
Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess
ISBN: 0268048797
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Treatise on Divine Predestination is one of the early writings of the author of the great philosophical work, Periphyseon (On the Division of Nature), Johannes Scottus (the Irishman), known as Eriugena (died c. 877 A.D.). It contributes to the age-old debate on the question of human destiny in the present world and in afterlife. /// Eriugena's treatise was commissioned by two senior prelates in the Frankish kingdom of Charles II, grandson of Charlemagne. The Irishman was a teacher of the Liberal Arts at the Court of Charles during the Carolingian Renaissance in the mid-ninth century. The monastic and ecclesiastical authorities of the kingdom had become troubled by the potentially harmful effects of the preaching of the monk Gottschalk on the doctrine of Predestination. /// Claiming to base his conclusions on some works of St. Augustine, Gottschalk was making a case for a dual or twin (gemina) predestination, discounting the operation of Free Will. When called upon to provide a refutation, Eriugena derived his counter-arguments from an interpretation of Augustinian writings based on Logic and Dialectic. The originality of his exposition, which stressed the impropriety of regarding God within a context of Time, and which formulated a benign view of eternal damnation, caused immediate confusion for his sponsors, followed by disappointment and rejection, as well as a measure of condemnation from other senior churchmen. /// The debate produced some forceful writings in the decade between 850 and 860 but Eriugena's treatise appears to have received no further consideration in his lifetime. The work survives in a single manuscript of which editions were published in 1650 and 1853. It has been most recently edited in 1978. The present translation was made from that edition. Modern scholars are able to discern in this early work strong intimations of Eriugena's later major writings.

John Scottus Eriugena

Author: Deirdre Carabine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195354386
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John Scottus Eriugena, the ninth-century Irish philosopher and theologian, is known as the interpreter of Greek thought to the Latin West. He was perhaps the most important philosophical thinker to appear in Latin Christendom between Augustine in the fifth century and Anselm in the eleventh. In this volume, Deirdre Carabine provides a clear and accessible introduction--the only one available in the English language--to the thought of this important figure. In part I, Carabine describes the intellectual revival of the ninth century and situates Eriugena's role within that movement. She looks closely at Eriugena's life and intellectual achievements, including his contribution to the theological controversy on predestination and his roles as teacher and translator of Greek thought. She also examines the Periphyson, undoubtedly Eriugena's most original and important work. In part II, Carabine discusses Eriugena's metaphysics, the structure of reality, the theocentric character of creation, and the role of the trinity and the primordial causes. In particular, she explores Eriugena's employment of negative theology and his understanding of human nature. In conclusion, part III looks at Eriugena's interpretation of the return of all things to their source, including his belief that all people, saints and sinners alike, will return to paradise to the "vision" of a transcendent God. Revealing the unique and compelling nature of Eriugena's thought, and showing why his work continues to appeal to a modern audience, this volume is required reading for students and scholars of medieval philosophy and theology.

A Celtic Christology

Author: John F. Gavin
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630873896
Size: 61.30 MB
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John Scottus Eriugena, the brilliant and controversial Irishman in the court of Charles the Bald (823-877), the grandson of Charlemagne, drew upon both the Latin and Greek patristic traditions in order to present a bold and original Christian vision. A philosopher, theologian, translator, poet, and mystic, he may be considered the ideal Carolingian Renaissance man. This volume examines his understanding of the Incarnation, the enfleshment of the Word. On the one hand, Eriugena's Christology creatively appropriates traditional categories in order to explain God's philanthropia in creating, sustaining, and restoring the cosmos. On the other hand, it also provides a guide for the believer's mystical participation in the life of Jesus and return to divine union. This brilliant intellectual from the so-called "Dark Ages" offers much to inspire, and perhaps even to startle, contemporary theologians, philosophers, and believers who ponder the mystery of the God-made-flesh.

Being And Creation In The Theology Of John Scottus Eriugena

Author: Sergei N. Sushkov
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1498298249
Size: 76.95 MB
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Despite his prominent role in the formation of Christian thought, John Scottus Eriugena still remains an enigmatic figure whose background and potential arouse a great deal of scholarly interest. This is true especially today, when faith seeks to regenerate: his honesty and profundity encourage us in our search for the authentic teaching of Christ. As a theologian who strongly believes in human dignity as equal to that of the imago dei, Eriugena helps us meet Christ again and follow him towards a new horizon of being. What makes Eriugena’s theology unique is his innovative approach to theological thinking, which is to be properly understood, as argued in this book, in terms of the paradigmatic shift from metaphysics to dialectic. The way we think, while trying to adopt and follow the truth of revelation so as to get freed from the world of finite things, cannot actually dispense with a dialectical treatment of contradiction. And Eriugena is explicit about this, which allows him to win a reputation as the “Hegel of the ninth century” and to make us look at our faith anew in coherence with such pivotal ideas as the divine unity, right reason, and return to the reality of creation.

Periphyseon On The Division Of Nature

Author: John the Scot
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1610976304
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Johannes Scotus (c. 800-c. 877), who signed himself as "Eriugena" in one manuscript, and who was referred to by his contemporaries as "the Irishman" is the most significant Irish intellectual of the early monastic period. He is generally recognized to be both the outstanding philosopher of the Carolingian era and of the whole period of Latin philosophy stretching from Boethius to Anselm. Since the seventeenth century, it has become usual to refer to this Irish philosopher as John Scottus (or 'Scotus') Eriugena to distinguish him from the thirteenth-century John Duns Scotus. Myra Uhlfelder (Bryn Mawr PhD 1952) taught classical and medieval Latin at Bryn Mawr.