Integrating Ecology And Poverty Reduction

Author: Jane Carter Ingram
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441906320
Size: 49.64 MB
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In the past, the science of ecology has frequently been excluded from the development agenda for various reasons. Increasingly however there has been a renewed interest in finding more ecologically sustainable means of development that have required a strong foundation in ecological knowledge (for example EcoAgriculture Partnerships, EcoHealth presented at ESA, and EcoNutrition proposed by Deckelbaum et al). Each of these examples has already taken the critical first step at integrating ecological knowledge with agriculture, health and nutrition, respectively. However, this is only the first step; more attention needs to be placed not only on the role that two fields can play towards poverty alleviation, but on the role of a truly integrated, interdisciplinary approach towards development goals that is firmly grounded in ecological understanding. We feel that a critical look at what ecology can and cannot provide to the development agenda, in light of the Millennium Development goals, is timely and crucial. The introduction and the final section of the book will then integrate the lessons and principles outlined in each of the chapters. All chapter authors will be heavily encouraged to focus on how their sub-discipline in ecology impacts overall human well-being and environmental sustainability.

The Sage Encyclopedia Of World Poverty

Author: Mehmet Odekon
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 150633640X
Size: 76.43 MB
Format: PDF
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The SAGE Encyclopedia of World Poverty, Second Edition addresses the persistence of poverty across the globe while updating and expanding the landmark work, Encyclopedia of World Poverty, originally published in 2006 prior to the economic calamities of 2008. For instance, while continued high rates of income inequality might be unsurprising in developing countries such as Mexico, the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reported in May 2013 even countries with historically low levels of income inequality have experienced significant increases over the past decade, including Denmark, Sweden, and Germany. The U.N. and the World Bank also emphasize the persistent nature of the problem. It is not all bad news. In March 2013, the Guardian newspaper reported, “Some of the poorest people in the world are becoming significantly less poor, according to a groundbreaking academic study which has taken a new approach to measuring deprivation. The report, by Oxford University’s poverty and human development initiative, predicts that countries among the most impoverished in the world could see acute poverty eradicated within 20 years if they continue at present rates.” On the other hand, the U.N. says environmental threats from climate change could push billions more into extreme poverty in coming decades. All of these points lead to the need for a revised, updated, and expanded edition of the Encyclopedia of World Poverty. Key Features: 775 evaluated and updated and 175 entirely new entries New Reader’s Guide categories Signed articles, with cross-references Further Readings will be accompanied by pedagogical elements Updated Chronology, Resource Guide, Glossary, and thorough new Index The SAGE Encyclopedia of World Poverty, Second Edition is a dependable source for students and researchers who are researching world poverty, making it a must-have reference for all academic libraries.

The Paradigm Of Forests And The Survival Of The Fittest

Author: Sergio A. Molina-Murillo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498751067
Size: 47.80 MB
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This book demonstrates the social, historical, and environmental framework within which humans have developed a relationship with the forest and its resources. Starting from the biological basis that permits the existence of forests to the use of forest resources in a modern human context, this book summarizes the interaction between humans and forest ecosystems. Designed for readers from a broad range of disciplines and interests including those from environmental sciences, environmental economics, sociology, anthropology, biology, forestry and human ecology and other related disciplines, the book evokes interest in the development of an integrated approach towards forest ecosystems and natural resources in the context of sustainability.

Responsible Growth For The New Millennium

Author:
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821359129
Size: 74.38 MB
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This publication considers the key public policy challenges facing the international community in order to achieve balanced, equitable and sustainable development beyond the Millennium Development Goal targets for 2015. Issues considered include: agriculture and rural development, world trade policy reform, poverty reduction, sustainable energy policies, water resources, water supply and sanitation, biodiversity and global environmental challenges, forestry conservation and development, and strategic priorities for social development.

The Non Western World

Author: Pradyumna P. Karan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135938369
Size: 76.58 MB
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Through a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary approach, this introductory textbook focuses on critical issues of development, environment, and cultural conflicts facing most area of the non-Western world. Areas covered include China, Japan, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa.

Sustainable Alternatives For Poverty Reduction And Eco Justice

Author: Lucas Andrianos
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443870250
Size: 74.51 MB
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This book presents edited and revised versions of most of the papers presented at the First International Conference on Sustainable Alternatives for Poverty Reduction and Ecological Justice in 2012 (SAPREJ-12). The selected papers are classified into six thematic sections: Biodiversity and ecological crisis; Sustainability, religion and ethics; Climate change, eco-justice and health; Poverty, financial crisis and human rights; Green economy and food security; and Global crisis and case studies. SAPREJ-12 is a new initiative in sustainability development, and its methodological concept has opened new opportunities for analysis and criticism of the discipline. This book provides a useful perspective to evaluate the current state of the art and the diversity of the approaches adopted in analysing poverty eradication and sustainable development.

Economics Of Poverty Environment And Natural Resource Use

Author: Rob B. Dellink
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402083037
Size: 63.79 MB
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Reduction of poverty is a tremendous and persistent challenge for the global community. Given that the livelihood of millions is at stake, there is an urgent need to reconsider the causes of and the remedies for poverty. Poverty and its reduction are closely linked to the natural-resources base. The quality and bounty of the local environment certainly affect living conditions of the poor and their poverty is often seen as a contributing factor to the degraded condition of the local environment. Teasing apart the direction of causality in this resource–poverty nexus is a serious empirical challenge. This book contributes to an improved understanding of the economic dimensions of environmental and natural-resource management and poverty alleviation. The ten chapters of the book offer an overview of the current knowledge concerning the relation between poverty, environment and natural-resource use. Three sides of the debate receive particular attention. First, the relation between resource use and poverty is discussed from a theoretical point of view. Second, it is questioned whether payments for environmental services or considering values of resources can be an effective tool for stimulating both sustainable resource use and poverty alleviation. Third, alternative strategies to break the land degradation–poverty cycle are discussed.

Agro Ecological Intensification Of Agricultural Systems In The African Highlands

Author: Bernard Vanlauwe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136292276
Size: 19.28 MB
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There is an urgent need to increase agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa in a sustainable and economically-viable manner. Transforming risk-averse smallholders into business-oriented producers that invest in producing surplus food for sale provides a formidable challenge, both from a technological and socio-political perspective. This book addresses the issue of agricultural intensification in the humid highland areas of Africa – regions with relatively good agricultural potential, but where the scarce land resources are increasingly under pressure from the growing population and from climate change. In addition to introductory and synthesis chapters, the book focuses on four themes: system components required for agricultural intensification; the integration of components at the system level; drivers for adoption of technologies towards intensification; and the dissemination of complex knowledge. It provides case studies of improved crop and soil management for staple crops such as cassava and bananas, as well as examples of how the livelihoods of rural people can be improved. The book provides a valuable resource for researchers, development actors, students and policy makers in agricultural systems and economics and in international development. It highlights and addresses key challenges and opportunities that exist for sustainable agricultural intensification in the humid highlands of sub-Saharan Africa.

New Regional Development Paradigms Environmental Management Poverty Reduction And Sustainable Regional Development

Author: Asfaw Kumssa
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313317682
Size: 28.63 MB
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In the past half century, heroic efforts have been made to extend the benefits of economic development to impoverished multitudes, but human security--a concept the UN suggested in 1994--remains elusive for too many. Like sustainable development, human security brings together issues and factors often thought to be opposites and in conflict such as development and environment, core and periphery, market and state. Thinking in terms of human security and sustainable development, this volume discards this either-or approach and delineates linkages between regional development and such human security dimensions as poverty and unemployment and access to health and education services. In particular, the volume considers the incorporation of poverty alleviation and environmental management into regional development policy. The book provides a synthesis of the issues involved in poverty reduction, environmental management, and regional development. The volume also offers specific examples and case studies, including, for instance, contested river basins, the use of social mobilization in reducing poverty, environmental movements in India, watershed management in China, local government in Malaysia, and urban development in Kenya. Human security, the authors demonstrate, is attainable worldwide and can be achieved alongside sustainable development.

Biodiversity Conservation And Poverty Alleviation

Author: Dilys Roe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111842851X
Size: 80.22 MB
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Biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are both important societal goals demanding increasing international attention. While they may seem to be unrelated, the international policy frameworks that guide action to address them make an explicit assumption that conserving biodiversity will help to tackle global poverty. Part of the Conservation Science and Practice Series published with the Zoological Society of London, this book explores the validity of that assumption. The book addresses a number of critical questions: Which aspects of biodiversity are of value to the poor? Does the relationship between biodiversity and poverty differ according to particular ecological conditions? How do different conservation interventions vary in their poverty impacts? How do distributional and institutional issues affect the poverty impacts of interventions? How do broader issues such as climate change and the global economic system affect the biodiversity – poverty relationship at different scales? This volume will be of interest to policy-makers, practitioners and researchers concerned with understanding the potential - and limitations - of integrated approaches to biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation.