Hyperbolic Manifolds And Discrete Groups

Author: Michael Kapovich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817649135
Size: 48.61 MB
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Hyperbolic Manifolds and Discrete Groups is at the crossroads of several branches of mathematics: hyperbolic geometry, discrete groups, 3-dimensional topology, geometric group theory, and complex analysis. The main focus throughout the text is on the "Big Monster," i.e., on Thurston’s hyperbolization theorem, which has not only completely changes the landscape of 3-dimensinal topology and Kleinian group theory but is one of the central results of 3-dimensional topology. The book is fairly self-contained, replete with beautiful illustrations, a rich set of examples of key concepts, numerous exercises, and an extensive bibliography and index. It should serve as an ideal graduate course/seminar text or as a comprehensive reference.

Introduction To 3 Manifolds

Author: Jennifer Schultens
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470410206
Size: 47.32 MB
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This book grew out of a graduate course on 3-manifolds and is intended for a mathematically experienced audience that is new to low-dimensional topology. The exposition begins with the definition of a manifold, explores possible additional structures on manifolds, discusses the classification of surfaces, introduces key foundational results for 3-manifolds, and provides an overview of knot theory. It then continues with more specialized topics by briefly considering triangulations of 3-manifolds, normal surface theory, and Heegaard splittings. The book finishes with a discussion of topics relevant to viewing 3-manifolds via the curve complex. With about 250 figures and more than 200 exercises, this book can serve as an excellent overview and starting point for the study of 3-manifolds.

Complex Kleinian Groups

Author: Angel Cano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034804814
Size: 20.96 MB
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This monograph lays down the foundations of the theory of complex Kleinian groups, a newly born area of mathematics whose origin traces back to the work of Riemann, Poincaré, Picard and many others. Kleinian groups are, classically, discrete groups of conformal automorphisms of the Riemann sphere, and these can be regarded too as being groups of holomorphic automorphisms of the complex projective line CP1. When going into higher dimensions, there is a dichotomy: Should we look at conformal automorphisms of the n-sphere?, or should we look at holomorphic automorphisms of higher dimensional complex projective spaces? These two theories are different in higher dimensions. In the first case we are talking about groups of isometries of real hyperbolic spaces, an area of mathematics with a long-standing tradition. In the second case we are talking about an area of mathematics that still is in its childhood, and this is the focus of study in this monograph. This brings together several important areas of mathematics, as for instance classical Kleinian group actions, complex hyperbolic geometry, chrystallographic groups and the uniformization problem for complex manifolds.​

Outer Circles

Author: A. Marden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139463764
Size: 22.84 MB
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We live in a three-dimensional space; what sort of space is it? Can we build it from simple geometric objects? The answers to such questions have been found in the last 30 years, and Outer Circles describes the basic mathematics needed for those answers as well as making clear the grand design of the subject of hyperbolic manifolds as a whole. The purpose of Outer Circles is to provide an account of the contemporary theory, accessible to those with minimal formal background in topology, hyperbolic geometry, and complex analysis. The text explains what is needed, and provides the expertise to use the primary tools to arrive at a thorough understanding of the big picture. This picture is further filled out by numerous exercises and expositions at the ends of the chapters and is complemented by a profusion of high quality illustrations. There is an extensive bibliography for further study.

In The Tradition Of Ahlfors Bers Vii

Author: Ara S. Basmajian
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 147042651X
Size: 11.74 MB
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The Ahlfors–Bers Colloquia commemorate the mathematical legacy of Lars Ahlfors and Lipman Bers. The core of this legacy lies in the fields of geometric function theory, Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, and partial differential equations. Today we see the influence of Ahlfors and Bers on algebraic geometry, mathematical physics, dynamics, probability, geometric group theory, number theory and topology. Recent years have seen a flowering of this legacy with an increased interest in their work. This current volume contains articles on a wide variety of subjects that are central to this legacy. These include papers in Kleinian groups, classical Riemann surface theory, Teichmüller theory, mapping class groups, geometric group theory, and statistical mechanics.

Canonical Wick Rotations In 3 Dimensional Gravity

Author: R. Benedetti
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821842811
Size: 56.15 MB
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The authors develop a canonical Wick rotation-rescaling theory in $3$-dimensional gravity. This includes (a) A simultaneous classification: this shows how maximal globally hyperbolic spacetimes of arbitrary constant curvature, which admit a complete Cauchy surface and canonical cosmological time, as well as complex projective structures on arbitrary surfaces, are all different materializations of ``more fundamental'' encoding structures. (b) Canonical geometric correlations: this shows how spacetimes of different curvature, that share a same encoding structure, are related to each other by canonical rescalings, and how they can be transformed by canonical Wick rotations in hyperbolic $3$-manifolds, that carry the appropriate asymptotic projective structure. Both Wick rotations and rescalings act along the canonical cosmological time and have universal rescaling functions. These correlations are functorial with respect to isomorphisms of the respective geometric categories.

Hyperbolic Manifolds

Author: Albert Marden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316432521
Size: 47.59 MB
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Over the past three decades there has been a total revolution in the classic branch of mathematics called 3-dimensional topology, namely the discovery that most solid 3-dimensional shapes are hyperbolic 3-manifolds. This book introduces and explains hyperbolic geometry and hyperbolic 3- and 2-dimensional manifolds in the first two chapters and then goes on to develop the subject. The author discusses the profound discoveries of the astonishing features of these 3-manifolds, helping the reader to understand them without going into long, detailed formal proofs. The book is heavily illustrated with pictures, mostly in color, that help explain the manifold properties described in the text. Each chapter ends with a set of exercises and explorations that both challenge the reader to prove assertions made in the text, and suggest further topics to explore that bring additional insight. There is an extensive index and bibliography.

Geometry And Spectra Of Compact Riemann Surfaces

Author: Peter Buser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817649920
Size: 39.98 MB
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This monograph is a self-contained introduction to the geometry of Riemann Surfaces of constant curvature –1 and their length and eigenvalue spectra. It focuses on two subjects: the geometric theory of compact Riemann surfaces of genus greater than one, and the relationship of the Laplace operator with the geometry of such surfaces. Research workers and graduate students interested in compact Riemann surfaces will find here a number of useful tools and insights to apply to their investigations.

3 Manifold Groups

Author: Matthias Aschenbrenner
Publisher: Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co. KG
ISBN: 9783037191545
Size: 10.31 MB
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The field of 3-manifold topology has made great strides forward since 1982 when Thurston articulated his influential list of questions. Primary among these is Perelman's proof of the Geometrization Conjecture, but other highlights include the Tameness Theorem of Agol and Calegari-Gabai, the Surface Subgroup Theorem of Kahn-Markovic, the work of Wise and others on special cube complexes, and, finally, Agol's proof of the Virtual Haken Conjecture. This book summarizes all these developments and provides an exhaustive account of the current state of the art of 3-manifold topology, especially focusing on the consequences for fundamental groups of 3-manifolds. As the first book on 3-manifold topology that incorporates the exciting progress of the last two decades, it will be an invaluable resource for researchers in the field who need a reference for these developments. It also gives a fast-paced introduction to this material. Although some familiarity with the fundamental group is recommended, little other previous knowledge is assumed, and the book is accessible to graduate students. The book closes with an extensive list of open questions which will also be of interest to graduate students and established researchers.

Schr Dinger Equations And Diffusion Theory

Author: Masao Nagasawa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034805608
Size: 63.86 MB
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Schrödinger Equations and Diffusion Theory addresses the question “What is the Schrödinger equation?” in terms of diffusion processes, and shows that the Schrödinger equation and diffusion equations in duality are equivalent. In turn, Schrödinger’s conjecture of 1931 is solved. The theory of diffusion processes for the Schrödinger equation tells us that we must go further into the theory of systems of (infinitely) many interacting quantum (diffusion) particles. The method of relative entropy and the theory of transformations enable us to construct severely singular diffusion processes which appear to be equivalent to Schrödinger equations. The theory of large deviations and the propagation of chaos of interacting diffusion particles reveal the statistical mechanical nature of the Schrödinger equation, namely, quantum mechanics. The text is practically self-contained and requires only an elementary knowledge of probability theory at the graduate level. --- This book is a self-contained, very well-organized monograph recommended to researchers and graduate students in the field of probability theory, functional analysis and quantum dynamics. (...) what is written in this book may be regarded as an introduction to the theory of diffusion processes and applications written with the physicists in mind. Interesting topics present themselves as the chapters proceed. (...) this book is an excellent addition to the literature of mathematical sciences with a flavour different from an ordinary textbook in probability theory because of the author’s great contributions in this direction. Readers will certainly enjoy the topics and appreciate the profound mathematical properties of diffusion processes. (Mathematical Reviews)​