How To Solve It

Author: G. Polya
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400828678
Size: 33.75 MB
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A perennial bestseller by eminent mathematician G. Polya, How to Solve It will show anyone in any field how to think straight. In lucid and appealing prose, Polya reveals how the mathematical method of demonstrating a proof or finding an unknown can be of help in attacking any problem that can be "reasoned" out—from building a bridge to winning a game of anagrams. Generations of readers have relished Polya's deft—indeed, brilliant—instructions on stripping away irrelevancies and going straight to the heart of the problem.

Problem Solving Through Problems

Author: Loren C. Larson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461254981
Size: 56.89 MB
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This is a practical anthology of some of the best elementary problems in different branches of mathematics. Arranged by subject, the problems highlight the most common problem-solving techniques encountered in undergraduate mathematics. This book teaches the important principles and broad strategies for coping with the experience of solving problems. It has been found very helpful for students preparing for the Putnam exam.

Problem Solving Strategies

Author: Arthur Engel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387226419
Size: 46.27 MB
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A unique collection of competition problems from over twenty major national and international mathematical competitions for high school students. Written for trainers and participants of contests of all levels up to the highest level, this will appeal to high school teachers conducting a mathematics club who need a range of simple to complex problems and to those instructors wishing to pose a "problem of the week", thus bringing a creative atmosphere into the classrooms. Equally, this is a must-have for individuals interested in solving difficult and challenging problems. Each chapter starts with typical examples illustrating the central concepts and is followed by a number of carefully selected problems and their solutions. Most of the solutions are complete, but some merely point to the road leading to the final solution. In addition to being a valuable resource of mathematical problems and solution strategies, this is the most complete training book on the market.

Mathematics And Plausible Reasoning Patterns Of Plausible Inference

Author: George Pólya
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691025100
Size: 48.40 MB
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A guide to the practical art of plausible reasoning, this book has relevance in every field of intellectual activity. Professor Polya, a world-famous mathematician from Stanford University, uses mathematics to show how hunches and guesses play an important part in even the most rigorously deductive science. He explains how solutions to problems can be guessed at; good guessing is often more important than rigorous deduction in finding correct solutions. Vol. II, on Patterns of Plausible Inference, attempts to develop a logic of plausibility. What makes some evidence stronger and some weaker? How does one seek evidence that will make a suspected truth more probable? These questions involve philosophy and psychology as well as mathematics.

Mathematical Thinking And Problem Solving

Author: Alan H. Schoenfeld
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113544093X
Size: 56.48 MB
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In the early 1980s there was virtually no serious communication among the various groups that contribute to mathematics education -- mathematicians, mathematics educators, classroom teachers, and cognitive scientists. Members of these groups came from different traditions, had different perspectives, and rarely gathered in the same place to discuss issues of common interest. Part of the problem was that there was no common ground for the discussions -- given the disparate traditions and perspectives. As one way of addressing this problem, the Sloan Foundation funded two conferences in the mid-1980s, bringing together members of the different communities in a ground clearing effort, designed to establish a base for communication. In those conferences, interdisciplinary teams reviewed major topic areas and put together distillations of what was known about them.* A more recent conference -- upon which this volume is based -- offered a forum in which various people involved in education reform would present their work, and members of the broad communities gathered would comment on it. The focus was primarily on college mathematics, informed by developments in K-12 mathematics. The main issues of the conference were mathematical thinking and problem solving.

Mathematical Methods In Science

Author: George Pólya
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780883856260
Size: 68.82 MB
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This book captures some of Pólya's excitement and vision. Its distinctive feature is the stress on the history of certain elementary chapters of science; these can be a source of enjoyment and deeper understanding of mathematics even for beginners who have little, or perhaps no, knowledge of physics.

The Art Of Problem Posing

Author: Stephen I. Brown
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135612234
Size: 21.25 MB
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The new edition of this classic book describes and provides a myriad of examples of the relationships between problem posing and problem solving, and explores the educational potential of integrating these two activities in classrooms at all levels. The Art of Problem Posing, Third Edition encourages readers to shift their thinking about problem posing (such as where problems come from, what to do with them, and the like) from the "other" to themselves and offers a broader conception of what can be done with problems. Special features include: an exploration of the logical relationship between problem posing and problem solving; sketches, drawings, and diagrams that illustrate the schemes proposed; and a special section on writing in mathematics. In the updated third edition, the authors specifically: *address the role of problem posing in the NCTM Standards; *elaborate on the concept of student as author and critic; *include discussion of computer applications to illustrate the potential of technology to enhance problem posing in the classroom; *expand the section on diversity/multiculturalism; and *broaden discussion of writing as a classroom enterprise. This book offers present and future teachers at the middle school, secondary school, and higher education levels ideas to enrich their teaching and suggestions for how to incorporate problem posing into a standard mathematics curriculum.

The Stanford Mathematics Problem Book

Author: George Polya
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048631832X
Size: 25.46 MB
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Based on Stanford University's well-known competitive exam, this excellent mathematics workbook offers students at both high school and college levels a complete set of problems, hints, and solutions. 1974 edition.

Mathematical Methods In Elasticity Imaging

Author: Habib Ammari
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400866626
Size: 70.18 MB
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This book is the first to comprehensively explore elasticity imaging and examines recent, important developments in asymptotic imaging, modeling, and analysis of deterministic and stochastic elastic wave propagation phenomena. It derives the best possible functional images for small inclusions and cracks within the context of stability and resolution, and introduces a topological derivative–based imaging framework for detecting elastic inclusions in the time-harmonic regime. For imaging extended elastic inclusions, accurate optimal control methodologies are designed and the effects of uncertainties of the geometric or physical parameters on stability and resolution properties are evaluated. In particular, the book shows how localized damage to a mechanical structure affects its dynamic characteristics, and how measured eigenparameters are linked to elastic inclusion or crack location, orientation, and size. Demonstrating a novel method for identifying, locating, and estimating inclusions and cracks in elastic structures, the book opens possibilities for a mathematical and numerical framework for elasticity imaging of nanoparticles and cellular structures.

Mathematical Discovery On Understanding Learning And Teaching Problem Solving

Author: George Pólya
Publisher:
ISBN: 9784871878326
Size: 44.22 MB
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"Solving problems," writes Polya, "is a practical art, like swimming, or skiing, or playing the piano: You can learn it only by imitation and practice. This book cannot offer you a magic key that opens all the doors and solves all the problems, but it offers you good examples for imitation and many opportunities for practice: If you wish to learn swimming you have to go into the water and if you wish to become a problem solver you have to solve problems." "In enough cases to allay . . . discouragement over not immediately discovering a solution, Professor Polya masterfully leads the reader down several unproductive paths. At the end of each chapter he provides examples for the render to solve. By means of these carefully selected and arranged problems, many of them directly related to others that precede, and guided by just the right suggestions at just the proper time, the reader's own ability is developed and extended. Solutions to the examples and, in many cases, outlines of procedures for discovering solutions. arc given at the back of the book. With striking promise for effectiveness, the entire book as a unit is one great experience in learning processes for problem solving through participation. The author has captured with great success the implication of his basic premise stated in the preface ..." The Mathematics Teacher