Hospitaller Piety And Crusader Propaganda

Author: Theresa M. Vann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317121112
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Guillaume Caoursin, the Vice-chancellor of the Order of the Hospital, wrote the Obsidionis Rhodiae urbis descriptio (Description of the Siege of Rhodes) as the official record of the Ottoman siege of the Knights in Rhodes in 1480. The Descriptio was the first authorized account of the Order’s activities to appear in printed form, and it became one of the best sellers of the 15th century. The publication of the Descriptio not only fed Western Europe’s hunger for news about an important Christian victory in the ongoing war with the Turks, it also served to shape public perceptions of the Hospitallers. Caoursin wrote in a humanistic style, sacrificing military terminology to appeal to an educated audience; within a few years, however, his Latin text became the basis for vernacular versions, which also circulated widely. Modern historians recognize the contributions that the Ottoman siege of Rhodes in 1480 made in the development of military technology, particularly the science of fortifications. This book is the first complete modern Latin edition with an English translation of the Descriptio obsidionis Rhodiae. Two other published eyewitness accounts, Pierre D’Aubusson’s Relatio obsidionis Rhodie and Jacomo Curte’s De urbis Rhodiae obsidione a. 1480 a Turcis tentata, also appear in modern Latin edition and English translation. This book also includes John Kay’s Description of the Siege of Rhodes and an English translation of Ademar Dupuis’ Le siège de Rhodes. The lengthy introductory chapters by Theresa Vann place the Ottoman siege of Rhodes in 1480 within the context of Mehmed II’s expansion in the Eastern Mediterranean after he captured Constantinople in 1453. They then examine the development of an official message, or propaganda, as an essential tool for the Hospitallers to raise money in Europe to defend Rhodes, a process that is traced through the chancery’s official communications describing the aftermath of Constantinople and the Ottoman

The Limits Of Identity Early Modern Venice Dalmatia And The Representation Of Difference

Author: Karen-edis Barzman
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004331514
Size: 41.77 MB
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This book examines the production of collective “Venetian-ness” in early modern representation before turning to the portrayal of populations in Venetian Dalmatia’s borderlands, where those in metropolitan Venice began to perceive difference and imaginings of belonging began to break down.

Fortifications And Siegecraft

Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538109697
Size: 52.75 MB
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Fortifications and Siegecraft explores the global history of fortifications and the threats posed to them by siegecraft. Tracing the interaction of attack and defense over time, Jeremy Black situates the evolution of fortifications within their broader cultural and political context, showing their ongoing importance to military and social interaction across the world today.

Encountering Islam On The First Crusade

Author: Nicholas Morton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107156890
Size: 23.96 MB
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A fundamental reassessment of Christian/Islamic relations during the First Crusade, combating its representation as an inter-faith clash of civilizations.

Die Verteidigung Von Rhodos Nach Guillaume Caoursins Descriptio Obsidionis Rhodie

Author: Alexander Schröer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 366867549X
Size: 48.28 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Länder - Mittelalter, Frühe Neuzeit, Note: 2,0, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Frühling und Sommer des Jahres 1480 belagerte eine osmanische Flotte den Hauptsitz des Johanniterordens auf Rhodos. Die Johanniter unter dem Kommando ihres Großmeisters Pierre d'Aubusson widerstanden der Belagerung bis zum Eintreffen der sizilianischen Flotte, die die Türken zum Rückzug zwang. Der Vizekanzler des Ordens, Guillaume Caoursin, schrieb einen Augenzeugenbericht über die Belagerung in Latein mit dem Titel „Descriptio Obsidionis Rhodie“. Noch im selben Jahr veröffentlichte der Verleger Ernst Ratdolt Caoursins Bericht. Dieser löste ein großes Interesse des westlichen Europas an der Belagerung aus. Das Buch wurde ein Bestseller. Sieben zusätzliche lateinische Ausgaben wurden vor 1500 veröffentlicht und es wurde ins Englische, Italienische, Dänische und Deutsche übersetzt Die vorliegende Quelle dieser Hausarbeit ist die übersetzte Fassung ins Deutsche (1513) von Johannes Adelphus: „Wie ritterlich sie sich gehalte[n] mit dem Tyrannischen keiser Machomet vß Türckye[n] lustig vn[d] lieplich zu lesen“. Aufgrund der besseren Verständlichkeit wird vermehrt auf die Originalübersetzung aus der Ulmer Ausgabe von 1496 durch W.G. Rödel zurückgegriffen, die Adam Wienand in seinem Sammelwerk ausführlich wiedergibt. Die Frage, auf die die Quelle untersucht wird, ist, wie die Johanniter dem Angriff eines scheinbar übermächtigen Heers standhalten konnten und inwiefern die Ausführungen Caoursins kritisch zu betrachten sind. Die Geschichte des Johanniterordens, sowie des osmanischen Herrschers Mehmed II. ist weitgehend erforscht worden, sodass zu Beginn einige Informationen in Form eines geschichtlichen Umrisses vorgestellt werden. Dabei werden grundlegende Informationen zum Orden, die Bedeutung des Standortes Rhodos, als auch die Person Mehmed II. aufgezeigt. Dabei wird unter anderem auf die Forschungsergebnisse Jürgen Sarnowskys zurückgegriffen, der sich intensiv über mehrere Jahre mit der Geschichte des Johanniterordens beschäftigte. Im Anschluss werden einige Passagen der Quelle auf die Fragestellung hin untersucht, um abschließend eine Antwort zu formulieren.

Les Si Ges De Rhodes De L Antiquit La P Riode Moderne

Author: Nicolas Faucherre
Publisher: PU Rennes
ISBN:
Size: 64.14 MB
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Ce livre propose l'étude des grands sièges dont Rhodes fit l'objet au cours de son histoire : sièges de Démétrios Poliorcète (305-304 av. J.-C.), de Mithridate VI (88 av. J.-C.), de Cassius Longinus (42 av. J.-C.), de Selim (1480), de Soliman le Magnifique (1522), saris oublier quelques autres, moins mémorables, que la cité subit au Moyen Age. Considérant la situation géostratégique de la cité, on comprend que celle-ci ait suscité la convoitise (les grandes puissances, toutes cherchant à la dominer, sinon à l'intégrer dans leur système d'alliance. Placée en vigie à la pointe septentrionale de l'île du même nom, base navale de premier rang entre Orient et Occident, centre de redistribution du commerce du blé, l'intérêt qu'on lui porta fut tout à la fois politique, militaire et économique. Mais par-delà les permanences structurelles que l'analyse comparée permet de souligner, il s'agit de mettre en évidence les spécificités de chaque période dans l'art de prendre et de défendre une place forte. Ce livre s'inscrit dans les perspectives de la " nouvelle histoire bataille " ; en effet, il vise à dénouer les écheveaux propres à l'histoire de chacun de ces sièges et à appréhender le phénomène guerrier dans toutes ses composantes. Ainsi sont abordées diverses questions, comme le développement des techniques d'armement, la tactique opérationnelle, la logistique, la pensée stratégique des belligérants ainsi que l'adaptation des fortifications aux progrès de la poliorcétique. On s'interroge aussi sur les rapports existant entre ville et territoire ainsi que sur les efforts matériels et financiers consentis par la cité pour assurer sa défense. Le réexamen critique des textes ainsi que l'étude de la documentation matérielle conduisent à reconsidérer le rôle joué par la guerre de siège dans le système de relations entre la cité et les puissances extérieures. La place singulière qu'occupaient les chevaliers de Saint-Jean comme défenseurs de la chrétienté contre le Turc confère aux deux derniers sièges une valeur de symbole. L'objectif, au final, est de nourrir une réflexion d'histoire militaire et d'enrichir le débat sur les pratiques politiques, les formes de pouvoir et de représentation, de l'Antiquité à la période moderne, dans le bassin oriental de la Méditerranée.

On The Social Origins Of Medieval Institutions

Author: Joseph F. O'Callaghan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004110960
Size: 42.30 MB
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This collection of essays provides new insight based on archival research into the medieval formation of human institutions of government, hospitals and warfare in Spain and England.

The Crusades

Author: Alan V. Murray
Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 54.10 MB
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The first multivolume encyclopedia to document the history of one of the most influential religious movements of the Middle Ages—the Crusades.

Crusading In The Fifteenth Century

Author: N. Housley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230523358
Size: 25.65 MB
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This collection of essays by European and American scholars addresses the changing nature and appeal of crusading during the period which extended from the battle of Nicopolis in 1396 to the battle of Mohács in 1526. Contributors focus on two key aspects of the subject. One is developments in the crusading message and the language in which it was framed. These were brought about partly by the appearance of new enemies, above all the Ottoman Turks, and partly by shifting religious values and innovative currents of thought within Catholic Europe. The other aspect is the wide range of responses which the papacy's repeated calls to holy war encountered in a Christian community which was increasingly heterogeneous in character. This collection represents a substantial contribution to the study of the Later Crusades and of Renaissance Europe.

The Knights Hospitaller Of The English Langue 1460 1565

Author: Gregory O'Malley
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019925379X
Size: 35.69 MB
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The Knights of St John of Jerusalem, also known as the Hospitallers, were a military religious order, subject to monastic vows and discipline but devoted to the active defence of the Holy Land. After evacuating the Holy Land at the beginning of the fourteenth century, they occupied Rhodes, which they held into the sixteenth century, when their headquarters moved to Malta. Branches of the order existed throughout Europe, and it is the English branch in the fifteenth and sixteenthcenturies that is examined here.Among the major subjects researched by O'Malley are the recruitment of members of the Hospital and their family ties; the operation of the order's career structure; the administration of its estates; its provision of spiritual and charitable services; and the publicity and logistical support it provided for the holy war carried on by its headquarters against the Ottoman Turks. It is argued that the English Hospitallers in particular took their military and financial duties to the order veryseriously, making a major contribution to the Hospital's operations in the Mediterranean as a result. They were able to do so because they were wealthy, had close family and other ties with gentle and mercantile society, and above all because their activities had royal support. Where this was lacking orineffective, as in Ireland, the Hospital might become the plaything of local interests eager to exploit its estates, and its wider functions might be neglected. Consequently the heart of the book lies in an extended discussion of the relationship between senior Hospitaller officers and the governing authorities of Britain and Ireland. It is concluded that rulers were generally supportive of the order's activities, but within strict limits, particularly in matters concerning appointments, thesize of payments to the east, and the movement and foreign allegiances of senior brethren. When these limits were breached, or at times of political or religious sensitivity such as the 1460s and 1530s, the Hospital's personnel and estates would suffer.In addition, more general areas of historical debate are illuminated such as those concerning the relationship between late medieval societies and the religious orders; 'British' attitudes to Christendom and holy war, and the rights of rulers over their subjects. This is the first such book to be based on archival records in both Britain and Malta, and will make a major contribution to understanding the order's European network, its place in the ordering of Latin Christendom, and in particularits role in late medieval British and Irish society.