Higher Education In Portugal 1974 2009

Author: Guy Neave
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400721358
Size: 29.59 MB
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A comprehensive, wide ranging and detailed account of the unfolding of higher education and higher education policy in Portugal from 1974 to 2009 by leading policy-makers and scholars, with the explicit purpose of showing how different disciplinary canons and perspectives contribute to the study of higher education and higher education policy including Law and Science Policy perspectives. Whilst focusing on one referential system, this book deals with current policy issues emerging in the wake of the post Bologna period. It also examines their long term historical origins in addition to the measures taken to address them. The substantive chapters are preceded by a detailed Introductory overview that places the issues treated in this volume in a solidly European perspective and sets out explicitly the differences in the dominant political, cultural and social values that set Portuguese as other Continental European systems of higher education apart from their Anglo Saxon counterparts.

Teaching And Research In Contemporary Higher Education

Author: Jung Cheol SHIN
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400768303
Size: 67.23 MB
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This book discusses how teaching and research have been weighted differently in academia in 18 countries and one region, Hong Kong SAR, based on an international comparative study entitled the Changing Academic Profession (CAP). It addresses these issues using empirical evidence, the CAP data. Specifically, the focus is on how teaching and research are defined in each higher education system, how teaching and research are preferred and conducted by academics, and how academics are rewarded by their institution. Since the establishment of Berlin University in 1810, there has been controversy on teaching and research as the primary functions of universities and academics. The controversy increased when Johns Hopkins University was established in 1876 with only graduate programs, and more recently with the release of the Carnegie Foundation report Scholarship Reconsidered by Ernest L. Boyer in 1990. Since the publication of Scholarship Reconsidered in 1990, higher education scholars and policymakers began to pay attention to the details of teaching and research activities, a kind of ‘black box’ because only individual academics know how they conduct teaching and research in their own contexts.

Globalization And Change In Higher Education

Author: Beverly Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319523686
Size: 12.54 MB
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This book sets out political economy explanations for higher education policy reform in Europe in the initial decades of the 21st century. With a sustained focus on the national level of policy implementation, institutional change is considered in relationship to broader trends in economic development and globalization. Since the concept of a “Europe of Knowledge” was presented by the European Commission in 1997, the pursuit of global competitiveness sets the context for the international initiative of the Bologna Process that has created the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Growing from 29 to 48 participating countries, there are three core explanations for change in the policy process: globalization (economic), intergovernmentalism (political), and Europeanization (social). As part of multi-method research analysis, this book presents qualitative case studies on Portugal and Spain to consider points of comparison, including national governance history and modernization of higher education institutions. The structure of government in these countries affects the policy reforms. Ultimately, the Bologna Process serves as a model for integration of higher education reform in other world regions. This book is essential reading for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of education, economics, and public policy.

Knowledge Production In European Universities

Author: Kwiek Marek
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 3631624034
Size: 33.26 MB
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The book studies transformations of European universities in the context of globalization and Europeanization, the questioning of the foundations of the «Golden Age» of the Keynesian welfare state, public sector reforms, demographic changes, the massification and diversification of higher education, and the emergence of knowledge economies. Such phenomena as academic entrepreneurialism and diversified channels of knowledge exchange in European universities are linked to transformations of the state and changes in public sector services. The first, contextual part of the book studies the changing state/university relationships, and the second, empirically-informed part draws from several recent large-scale comparative European research projects.

Professionalism Managerialism And Reform In Higher Education And The Health Services

Author: Teresa Carvalho
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137487003
Size: 14.53 MB
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Over the past three decades, professions across the European Union have faced significant and radical challenges. This book analyses three professional groups involved in the academic and health sectors and how they are affected by different national Welfare State models such as Mediterranean, Scandinavian and Anglo Saxon.

European Policy Implementation And Higher Education

Author: Cristina Sin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137504625
Size: 27.35 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents a critical analysis of the implementation of the Bologna Process, its achievements and consequences, as well as its failures and lack of convergence problems. Over the last decade the implementation of the Bologna Process, an ambitious reform of European higher education systems, has attracted attention from politicians, academics, students and scholars in higher education policy. Taking Portugal as a case study, the book includes an analysis of the perceptions and the practices, formed at the institutional level in respect of the key objectives laid down at the European level, namely employability, mobility and attractiveness.

Generation And Gender In Academia

Author: B. Bagilhole
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137269170
Size: 40.46 MB
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The first cross-cultural analysis of the differences in career trajectories and experiences between a senior group of women academics and a younger group who are at early and mid-career stages. Major themes in the autobiographical stories of these women were national context; organisational context; family, class and location; and agency.

Estados Novos Estado Novo Ensaios De Hist Ria Pol Tica E Cultural Vol Ii

Author: Luís Reis Torgal
Publisher: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra / Coimbra University Press
ISBN: 9892603818
Size: 73.35 MB
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Desde 1982 que o autor se dedica predominantemente ao estudo do Estado Novo de Salazar, tendo trabalhado antes, ou em simultâneo, sobre temas como o liberalismo e a contra-revolução, a Restauração, a História da História e a História da Universidade. Para além de alguns livros sobre o Estado Novo, foi escrevendo vários artigos, publicados em Portugal e no Estrangeiro. Foi com base neles e em textos escritos para as aulas de um seminário sobre o mesmo tema, lecionado durante vários anos, que escreveu este livro. O seu título Estados Novos, Estado Novo tem uma razão fundamental. Considera-se que os vários movimentos que se cruzaram e convergiram no Estado Novo de Salazar tiveram uma conceção do que deveria ser “o seu” Estado Novo. O mesmo se passa se compararmos o Estado Novo de Salazar com outros “Estados Novos” que se formaram na Europa e que procuravam uma via diferente do Estado demoliberal ou dos Estados comunista ou socialista. Assim sucedeu com o fascismo italiano ou o nazismo alemão, cada um com a sua história, sendo de notar que o nacional-socialismo se formou a partir de uma noção de “Raça” e de Império Alemão, com um arreigado anti-semitismo, que conduziu à “Solução Final” e ao “Holocausto”, criando a ideia de que ele constituiu o único e verdadeiro “totalitarismo”. Ao longo de quatro partes, o autor procurou, nos seus capítulos, a maioria resultante dos artigos citados, caracterizar o “Estado Novo” e os “Estados Novos”, mostrando a relação entre aquele e estes, nos aspetos políticos e culturais, distinguindo o conceito propagandístico de “originalidade” do regime de Salazar do conceito objetivo de “identidade”, que na verdade caracteriza cada uma das conceções e das práticas de “Estados Novos”.

Feriados Em Portugal Tempos De Mem Ria E De Sociabilidade 2 Edi O

Author: Luís Oliveira Andrade
Publisher: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra / Coimbra University Press
ISBN: 9892605373
Size: 33.38 MB
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Esta obra não foi elaborada no contexto do debate sobre o tema, quando o Estado alterou o Código do Trabalho e aboliu quatro feriados. A sua parte essencial, escrita há mais de dez anos, foi completada depois de 2005 e agora concluída. A concepção de feriados cívicos começou a surgir com o Liberalismo, vindo a consolidar-se no âmbito da celebração dos centenários e do debate sobre o descanso semanal, no final do século XIX e no início do século XX. Mas na Corte, antes e depois de 1820, celebravam-se os ”dias de gala”, de carácter real, cívico ou religioso. Em 1910 surgiu o plano dos feriados da República, em que não foram incluídos os dias santos, tendo em conta o processo de laicização. E esse sistema manteve-se na Ditadura e no Estado Novo, em que os feriados tiveram um sentido nacionalista, só se podendo falar de feriados religiosos em 1952. Com o 25 de Abril de 1974, para além de se tentar recriar a memória dos feriados anteriores, procurou criar-se e activar-se as festas do trabalhador e da liberdade (o 1.º de Maio e o 25 de Abril) e dar aos feriados municipais uma dimensão popular. Só agora se verificou uma viragem de paradigma, pois em 2011-2012, ainda no âmbito do Centenário da República, surgiu uma justificação simplesmente económica para reduzir os feriados oficiais. Para além do Corpo de Deus e de Todos os Santos, foram extintos dois feriados cívicos que simbolizam valores essenciais, o da Respublica e o da independência de Portugal, 5 de Outubro e 1.º de Dezembro.