Handbook Of Nanophysics

Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420075458
Size: 12.43 MB
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In the 1990s, nanoparticles and quantum dots began to be used in optical, electronic, and biological applications. Now they are being studied for use in solid-state quantum computation, tumor imaging, and photovoltaics. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoparticles and Quantum Dots focuses on the fundamental physics of these nanoscale materials and structures. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume provides an overview of the major categories of nanoparticles, including amorphous, magnetic, ferroelectric, and zinc oxide nanoparticles; helium nanodroplets; and silicon, tetrapod-shaped semiconductor, magnetic ion-doped semiconductor, and natural polysaccharide nanocrystals. It also describes their properties and interactions. In the group of chapters on nanofluids, the expert contributors discuss the stability of nanodispersions, liquid slip at the molecular scale, thermophysical properties, and heat transfer. They go on to examine the theory, self-assembly, and teleportation of quantum dots. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Handbook Of Nanophysics

Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420075519
Size: 49.62 MB
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Many bottom-up and top-down techniques for nanomaterial and nanostructure generation have enabled the development of applications in nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics explores important recent applications of nanophysics in the areas of electronics and photonics. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume discusses how different nanomaterials, such as quantum dots and nanotubes, are used in quantum computing, capacitors, and transistors. Leading international experts review the potential of the novel patterning techniques in molecular electronics as well as nanolithography approaches for producing semiconductor circuits. They also describe optical properties of nanostructures, nanowires, nanorods, and clusters, including cathodoluminescence, photoluminescence, and polarization-sensitivity. In addition, the book covers nanophotonic devices and nanolasers. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Nano

Author: T. Pradeep
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071548304
Size: 10.85 MB
Format: PDF
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Master the Fundamentals of Nanotechnology to Prepare for Nano-Related Career Opportunities If you want to move into the fast-growing field of nanotechnology, you can't afford to miss Nano--The Essentials. This career-building resource offers a rigorous, technological introduction to the fundamentals of nanotechnology, providing everything you need to enter this burgeoning discipline and prepare for nano-related jobs. Packed with over 100 detailed illustrations and lots of practical work-related advice, the book covers the experimental tools of nanotechnology, the basics of nanomaterials, and key applications in fields such as nanosensors, nanobiology, nanomedicine, and nanomachines. This on-target guide takes readers step-by-step through the manipulation of materials in the nanoscale ...fullerenes...carbon nanotubes...self-assembled nanolayers... gas-phase clusters...monolayer-protected metal nanoparticles...core-shell nanoparticles...and much more. Comprehensive and easy-to-understand, Nano--The Essentials features: A solid introduction to the fundamentals of nanomaterials Full details on the experimental tools used in nanotechnology The latest advances in nanobiology and nanomedicine Breakthroughs in the development of nanosensors Cutting-edge innovations in molecular nanomachines Inside this Expert Introduction to the Basics of Nanotechnology • Introduction • Manipulating Materials in the Nanoscale • Fullerenes • Carbon Nanotubes • Self-Assembled Nanolayers • Gas-Phase Clusters • Semiconductor Quantum Dots • Monolayer-Protected Metal Nanoparticles • Core-Shell Nanoparticles • Nanoshells • Nanobiology • Nanosensors • Nanomedicines • Molecular Nanomachines • Nanotribology • Societal Implications

From Small Fullerenes To Superlattices

Author: Patrice Melinon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814241849
Size: 47.77 MB
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Recently, carbon and silicon research has seen an outburst of new structures, experimentally observed or theoretically predicted (e.g., small fullerenes, heterofullerenes, schwarzite, and clathrates) with attractive properties. This book reviews these exotic futuristic species and their potential applications and critically examines the predicting models and the possible routes for their synthesis. The book starts with a review of 2D and 3D crystals based on carbon and/or silicon. The second part of the book is devoted to the description at the nanoscale of the new structures and complex architectures that ensue from them. The originality of the book lies in the fact that it deals with these scarcely evoked structures. The book is, therefore, complementary to the wide existing literature dedicated to popular nanostructures such as graphene, nanotube, and fullerenes.

Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook

Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482252694
Size: 73.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook contains extensive, interdisciplinary coverage of carbon nanomaterials, encompassing the full scope of the field—from physics, chemistry, and materials science to molecular biology, engineering, and medicine—in two comprehensive volumes. Written in a tutorial style, this first volume of the sourcebook: Focuses on graphene, fullerenes, nanotubes, and nanodiamonds Describes the fundamental properties, growth mechanisms, and processing of each nanomaterial discussed Explores functionalization for electronic, energy, biomedical, and environmental applications Showcases materials with exceptional properties, synthesis methods, large-scale production techniques, and application prospects Provides the tools necessary for understanding current and future technology developments, including important equations, tables, and graphs Each chapter is dedicated to a different type of carbon nanomaterial and addresses three main areas: formation, properties, and applications. This setup allows for quick and easy search, making the Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook: Graphene, Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Nanodiamonds, Volume I a must-have reference for scientists and engineers.

Handbook Of Nanophysics

Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781138111936
Size: 64.38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Handbook of Nanophysics: Functional Nanomaterials illustrates the importance of tailoring nanomaterials to achieve desired functions in applications. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume covers various composites, including carbon nanotube/polymer composites, printable metal nanoparticle inks, polymer�clay nanocomposites, biofunctionalized titanium dioxide-based nanocomposites, nanocolorants, ferroic nanocomposites, and smart composite systems. It also describes nanoporous materials, a giant nanomembrane, graphitic foams, arrayed nanoporous silicon pillars, nanoporous anodic oxides, metal oxide nanohole arrays, carbon clathrates, self-assembled monolayers, epitaxial graphene, and graphene nanoribbons, nanostructures, quantum dots, and cones. After focusing on the methods of nanoindentation and self-patterning, the book discusses nanosensors, nano-oscillators, and hydrogen storage. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Fundamentals Of Picoscience

Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466505095
Size: 64.97 MB
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Now ubiquitous in public discussions about cutting-edge science and technology, nanoscience has generated many advances and inventions, from the development of new quantum mechanical methods to far-reaching applications in electronics and medical diagnostics. Ushering in the next technological era, Fundamentals of Picoscience focuses on the instrumentation and experiments emerging at the picometer scale. One picometer is the length of a trillionth of a meter. Compared to a human cell of typically ten microns, this is roughly ten million times smaller. In this state-of-the-art book, international scientists and researchers at the forefront of the field present the materials and methods used at the picoscale. They address the key challenges in developing new instrumentation and techniques to visualize and measure structures at this sub-nanometer level. With numerous figures, the book will help you: Understand how picoscience is an extension of nanoscience Determine which experimental technique to use in your research Connect basic studies to the development of next-generation picoelectronic devices The book covers various approaches for detecting, characterizing, and imaging at the picoscale. It then presents picoscale methods ranging from scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to spectroscopic approaches at sub-nanometer spatial and energy resolutions. It also covers novel picoscale structures and picometer positioning systems. The book concludes with picoscale device applications, including single molecule electronics and optical computers. Introductions in each chapter explain basic concepts, define technical terms, and give context to the main material.

Handbook Of Nanophysics

Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781138113435
Size: 63.92 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Many bottom-up and top-down techniques for nanomaterial and nanostructure generation have enabled the development of applications in nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics explores important recent applications of nanophysics in the areas of electronics and photonics. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume discusses how different nanomaterials, such as quantum dots and nanotubes, are used in quantum computing, capacitors, and transistors. Leading international experts review the potential of the novel patterning techniques in molecular electronics as well as nanolithography approaches for producing semiconductor circuits. They also describe optical properties of nanostructures, nanowires, nanorods, and clusters, including cathodoluminescence, photoluminescence, and polarization-sensitivity. In addition, the book covers nanophotonic devices and nanolasers. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Aromaticity And Metal Clusters

Author: Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439813355
Size: 42.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Metal clusters, an intermediate state between molecules and the extended solid, show peculiar bonding and reactivity patterns. Their significance is critical to many areas, including air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. In Aromaticity and Metal Clusters, dozens of international experts explore not only the basic aspects of aromaticity, but also the structures, properties, reactivity, stability, and other consequences of the aromaticity of a variety of metal clusters. Although the concept of aromaticity has been known for nearly two centuries, there is no way to measure it experimentally and no theoretical formula to calculate it. In order to gain insight into its exact nature, the authors of this volume examine various indirect characteristics such as geometrical, electronic, magnetic, thermodynamic, and reactivity considerations. The book begins by discussing the evolution of aromaticity from benzene to atomic clusters. Next, more specialized chapters focus on areas of significant interest. Topics discussed include: Computational studies on molecules with unusual aromaticity Electronic shells and magnetism in small metal clusters A density functional investigation on the structures, energetics, and properties of sodium clusters through electrostatic guidelines and molecular tailoring The correlation between electron delocalization and ring currents in all metallic aromatic compounds Phenomenological shell model and aromaticity in metal clusters Rationalizing the aromaticity indexes used to describe the aromatic behavior of metal clusters 5f orbital successive aromatic and antiaromatic zones in triangular uranium cluster chemistry This collection of diverse contributions, composed of the work of scientists worldwide, is destined to not only answer puzzling questions about the nature of aromaticity, but also to provoke further inquiry in the minds of researchers.

Nanomaterials Handbook Second Edition

Author: Yury Gogotsi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315354527
Size: 52.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since publication of the first edition over a decade ago, the field of nanomaterials has grown substantially and has seen many novel developments, such as the discovery of new 2D materials, advancement of photonic crystals, graphene, inorganic nanotubes, and broad utilization of nanoparticles in electronics, medicine, and the food industry. Taking into account these tremendous advances in the field, the Second Edition of the Nanomaterials Handbook has been fully updated and extended to include the latest and emerging materials and technologies. It includes 11 chapters new to this edition, including topics such as graphene, biomedical applications, mechanics, nanoceramics, 2D metal carbides and carbonitrides, and safety of nanomaterials, among others. The Handbook continues its highly successful comprehensive approach covering fundamentals to applications and materials basics to tailored design, with 22 chapters authored by leading international experts.