Handbook Of Analysis Of Oligonucleotides And Related Products

Author: Jose V. Bonilla
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439819947
Size: 43.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Oligonucleotides represent one of the most significant pharmaceutical breakthroughs in recent years, showing great promise as diagnostic and therapeutic agents for malignant tumors, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, viral infections, and many other degenerative disorders. The Handbook of Analysis of Oligonucleotides and Related Products is an essential reference manual on the practical application of modern and emerging analytical techniques for the analysis of this unique class of compounds. A strong collaboration among thirty leading analytical scientists from around the world, the book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the most commonly used analytical techniques and their advantages and limitations in assuring the identity, purity, quality, and strength of an oligonucleotide intended for therapeutic use. Topics discussed include: Strategies for enzymatic or chemical degradation of chemically modified oligonucleotides toward mass spectrometric sequencing Purity analysis by chromatographic or electrophoretic methods, including RP-HPLC, AX-HPLC, HILIC, SEC, and CGE Characterization of sequence-related impurities in oligonucleotides by mass spectrometry and chromatography Structure elucidation by spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR, MS) as well as base composition and thermal melt analysis (Tm) Approaches for the accurate determination of molar extinction coefficient of oligonucleotides Accurate determination of assay values Assessment of the overall quality of oligonucleotides, including microbial analysis and determination of residual solvents and heavy metals Strategies for determining the chemical stability of oligonucleotides The use of hybridization techniques for supporting pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism studies in preclinical and clinical development Guidance for the presentation of relevant analytical information towards meeting current regulatory expectations for oligonucleotide therapeutics This resource provides a practical guide for applying state-of-the-art analytical techniques in research, development, and manufacturing settings.

Antisense Drug Technology

Author: Stanley T. Crooke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439832501
Size: 42.66 MB
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Extensively revised and updated, Antisense Drug Technology: Principles, Strategies, and Applications, Second Edition reflects the logarithmic progress made in the past four years of oligonucleotide-based therapies, and, in particular, antisense therapeutics and research. Interpreting lessons learned from the clinical trials of first generation drugs, the book evaluates the technology as a whole and offers new directions and avenues of research and development. Divided into five parts, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the mechanism of antisense drug action including the RNase H mechanism, small RNA silencing pathways, and the potential therapeutics of splice switching oligonucleotides. Leading researchers demonstrate the basics of oligonucleotide therapeutics in part two by delineating medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, and delivery routes such as liposomal formulations for nucleic acid delivery. Part three details hybridization based drugs and considers the dramatic advances represented by 2’ methoxyethyl chimeric antisense inhibitors and duplex RNA drugs. Other chemical classes of drugs and mechanisms of action are described in part four with further discussions on improving the second generation antisense drugs. The final part delves deeply into therapeutic applications. Contributing authors examine the potential of antisense drugs for the alleviation of cardiovascular diseases, metabolic diseases, inflammatory diseases, cancer, neurological disorders, and immune modulation. Presenting a highly detailed, lucid discussion of the remarkable advances in the field, Antisense Drug Technology: Principles, Strategies, and Applications, Second Edition provides the platform for researchers to continue to aggressively pursue the great opportunity represented by this exciting technology.

The Aptamer Handbook

Author: Sven Klussmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527607919
Size: 50.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In The Aptamer Handbook, leading scientists from academia as well as biotech and pharma companies introduce the revolutionary concept of designing RNA and DNA oligonucleotides with novel functions by in vitro selection. These functions comprise high affinity binding (aptamers), catalytic activity (ribozymes and deoxyribozymes) or combinations of binding and catalytic properties (aptazymes). Basic concepts and technologies describing in detail how these functional oligonucleotides can be identified are presented. Numerous examples demonstrate the versatility of in vitro selected oligonucleotides. Special emphasis has been put on a section that shows the broad applicability of aptamers, e. g. in target validation, for analytics, or as new therapeutics. This first overview in the field is of prime interest for a broad audience of scientists both in academia and in industry who wish to expand their knowledge on the potential of new oligonucleotide functions and their applications.

Liquid Chromatography

Author: Salvatore Fanali
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128093447
Size: 49.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Liquid Chromatography: Applications, Second Edition,is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the practice of modern liquid chromatography. It gives those working in both academia and industry the opportunity to learn, refresh, and deepen their knowledge of the wide variety of applications in the field. In the years since the first edition was published, thousands of papers have been released on new achievements in liquid chromatography, including the development of new stationary phases, improvement of instrumentation, development of theory, and new applications in biomedicine, metabolomics, proteomics, foodomics, pharmaceuticals, and more. This second edition addresses these new developments with updated chapters from the most expert researchers in the field. Emphasizes the integration of chromatographic methods and sample preparation Explains how liquid chromatography is used in different industrial sectors Covers the most interesting and valuable applications in different fields, e.g., proteomic, metabolomics, foodomics, pollutants and contaminants, and drug analysis (forensic, toxicological, pharmaceutical, biomedical) Includes references and tables with commonly used data to facilitate research, practical work, comparison of results, and decision-making

Handbook Of Biosensors And Biosensor Kinetics

Author: Ajit Sadana
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080932859
Size: 57.75 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Biosensors are essential to an ever-expanding range of applications, including healthcare; drug design; detection of biological, chemical, and toxic agents; environmental monitoring; biotechnology; aviation; physics; oceanography; and the protection of civilian and engineering infrastructures. This book, like the previous five books on biosensors by this author (and one by the co-author), addresses the neglected areas of analyte-receptor binding and dissociation kinetics occurring on biosensor surfaces. Topics are covered in a comprehensive fashion, with homogeneous presentation for the benefit of the reader. The contributors address the economic aspects of biosensors and incorporate coverage of biosensor fabrication and nanobiosensors, among other topics. The comments, comparison, and discussion presented provides a better perspective of where the field of biosensors is heading. Serves as a comprehensive resource on biosensor analysis Examines timely topics such as biosensor fabrication and nanobiosensors Covers economic aspects and medical applications (e.g., the role of analytes in controlling diabetes)

Handbook Of Marine Microalgae

Author: Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128011246
Size: 70.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Handbook of Microalgae: Biotechnology Advances offers complete coverage of marine microalgae, including biology, production techniques, biotechnological applications, economic perspectives of applications, and environmental effects of marine microalgae blooms. With contributions from world experts, Handbook of Microalgae: Biotechnology Advances focuses on microalgae from an organism perspective to offer a complete picture from evolution to biofuel. Focuses on a comprehensive approach from an organism point of view Contains full coverage of all aspects of microalgae from biology through biotechnological and biomedical applications Includes biological properties of commercial algal species Provides microalgae screening and identification methods, culturing methods and new aspects of processing

Handbook Of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Author: Shayne Cox Gad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470117101
Size: 50.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A practical overview of a full rangeof approaches to discovering, selecting, and producing biotechnology-derived drugs The Handbook of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology helps pharmaceutical scientists develop biotech drugs through a comprehensive framework that spans the process from discovery, development, and manufacturing through validation and registration. With chapters written by leading practitioners in their specialty areas, this reference: Provides an overview of biotechnology used in the drug development process Covers extensive applications, plus regulations and validation methods Features fifty chapters covering all the major approaches to the challenge of identifying, producing, and formulating new biologically derived therapeutics With its unparalleled breadth of topics and approaches, this handbook is a core reference for pharmaceutical scientists, including development researchers, toxicologists, biochemists, molecular biologists, cell biologists, immunologists, and formulation chemists. It is also a great resource for quality assurance/assessment/control managers, biotechnology technicians, and others in the biotech industry.

Mass Spectrometry

Author: Edmond de Hoffmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118681940
Size: 47.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The latest edition of a highly successful textbook, Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition provides students with a complete overview of the principles, theories and key applications of modern mass spectrometry. All instrumental aspects of mass spectrometry are clearly and concisely described: sources, analysers and detectors. Tandem mass spectrometry is introduced early on and then developed in more detail in a later chapter. Emphasis is placed throughout the text on optimal utilisation conditions. Various fragmentation patterns are described together with analytical information that derives from the mass spectra. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and has been redesigned to give the book a more contemporary look. As with previous editions it contains numerous examples, references and a series of exercises of increasing difficulty to encourage student understanding. Updates include: Increased coverage of MALDI and ESI, more detailed description of time of flight spectrometers, new material on isotope ratio mass spectrometry, and an expanded range of applications. Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for all undergraduate and postgraduate students using this technique in departments of chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, pharmacology, agriculture, material science and food science. It is also of interest for researchers looking for an overview of the latest techniques and developments.

Gene Cloning And Dna Analysis

Author: T. A. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119072549
Size: 36.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Known world-wide as the standard introductory text to this important and exciting area, the seventh edition of Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis addresses new and growing areas of research whilst retaining the philosophy of the previous editions. Assuming the reader has little prior knowledge of the subject, its importance, the principles of the techniques used and their applications are all carefully laid out, with over 250 clearly presented four-colour illustrations. In addition to a number of informative changes to the text throughout the book, the chapters on DNA sequencing and genome studies have been rewritten to reflect the continuing rapid developments in this area of DNA analysis: In depth description of the next generation sequencing methods and descriptions of their applications in studying genomes and transcriptomes New material on the use of ChiP-seq to locate protein-binding sites Extended coverage of the strategies used to assemble genome sequences Description of how the Neanderthal genome has been sequenced and what that sequence tells us about interbreeding between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis remains an essential introductory text to a wide range of biological sciences students; including genetics and genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry, immunology and applied biology. It is also a perfect introductory text for any professional needing to learn the basics of the subject. All libraries in universities where medical, life and biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies available on their shelves.

Handbook Of Seafood And Seafood Products Analysis

Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420046359
Size: 25.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Seafood and seafood products represent some of the most important foods in almost all types of societies around the world. More intensive production of fish and shellfish to meet high demand has raised some concerns related to the nutritional and sensory qualities of these cultured fish in comparison to their wild-catch counterparts. In addition, the variety in processing, preservation, and storage methods from traditional to modern is contributing to an increase in variability in consumer products. Co-Edited by Fidel Toldra - Recipient of the 2010 Distinguished Research Award from the American Meat Science Association Handbook of Seafood and Seafood Products Analysis brings together the work of 75 experts who focus on the chemistry and biochemistry of postmortem seafood to offer the very latest methods for testing nutritional and sensory qualities, as well as safety aspects related to processing and preservation of seafood. After providing a general introduction, this handbook offers six sections that detail all areas of consequence to those concerned with delivering quality seafood products: Chemistry and Biochemistry focuses on the analysis of the main chemical and biochemical compounds of seafood Processing Control describes the analysis of technological quality and includes various methods to differentiate between farmed and wild seafood, to check freshness, and to evaluate smoke flavoring Nutritional Quality deals with the analysis of nutrients in muscle foods such as essential amino acids, omega fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and trace elements Sensory Quality covers the main analytical tools to evaluate color, texture, and flavor Safety looks at tools used for the detection of pathogens, parasites, viruses, marine toxins, antibiotics, adulterations, and chemical toxic compounds from the environment generated during processing or intentionally added This cutting-edge work also deals with the analysis of genetically modified ingredients in fish feed. It essentially covers processes from all of the seven seas used to assure that consumers find safe, nutritionally beneficial, and appealing seafood products at their markets and restaurants.