Gustav Robert Kirchhoff S Treatise On The Theory Of Light Rays 1882

Author: G. Kirchhoff
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813147133
Size: 18.98 MB
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The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to Kirchhoff's life, an analysis of the reception to Kirchhoff's paper through the ages, a discussion on why Kirchhoff's theory manages to produce accurate predictions in spite of being "wrong," and views on the theory as well as its predecessor and subsequent developments. This anthology will make all English-speaking scientists, engineers, historians, and interested laymen aware of the great fecundity of Kirchhoff's thought and historical context.

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff S Treatise On The Theory Of Light Rays 1882

Author: Klaus Hentschel
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813147164
Size: 32.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to Kirchhoff's life, an analysis of the reception to Kirchhoff's paper through the ages, a discussion on why Kirchhoff's theory manages to produce accurate predictions in spite of being "wrong", and views on the theory as well as its predecessor and subsequent developments. This anthology will make all English-speaking scientists, engineers, historians, and interested laymen aware of the great fecundity of Kirchhoff's thought and historical context.

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff S Treatise N The Theory Of Light Rays 1882

Author: Gustav Kirchhoff
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789813147157
Size: 34.99 MB
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"The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to Kirchhoff's life, an analysis of the reception to Kirchhoff's paper through the ages, a discussion on why Kirchhoff's theory manages to produce accurate predictions in spite of being "wrong", and views on the theory as well as its predecessor and subsequent developments. This anthology will make all English-speaking scientists, engineers, historians, and interested laymen aware of the great fecundity of Kirchhoff's thought and historical context."--Publisher's website.

Photons

Author: Klaus Hentschel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319952528
Size: 17.97 MB
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This book focuses on the gradual formation of the concept of ‘light quanta’ or ‘photons’, as they have usually been called in English since 1926. The great number of synonyms that have been used by physicists to denote this concept indicates that there are many different mental models of what ‘light quanta’ are: simply finite, ‘quantized packages of energy’ or ‘bullets of light’? ‘Atoms of light’ or ‘molecules of light’? ‘Light corpuscles’ or ‘quantized waves’? Singularities of the field or spatially extended structures able to interfere? ‘Photons’ in G.N. Lewis’s sense, or as defined by QED, i.e. virtual exchange particles transmitting the electromagnetic force? The term ‘light quantum’ made its first appearance in Albert Einstein’s 1905 paper on a “heuristic point of view” to cope with the photoelectric effect and other forms of interaction of light and matter, but the mental model associated with it has a rich history both before and after 1905. Some of its semantic layers go as far back as Newton and Kepler, some are only fully expressed several decades later, while others initially increased in importance then diminished and finally vanished. In conjunction with these various terms, several mental models of light quanta were developed—six of them are explored more closely in this book. It discusses two historiographic approaches to the problem of concept formation: (a) the author’s own model of conceptual development as a series of semantic accretions and (b) Mark Turner’s model of ‘conceptual blending’. Both of these models are shown to be useful and should be explored further. This is the first historiographically sophisticated history of the fully fledged concept and all of its twelve semantic layers. It systematically combines the history of science with the history of terms and a philosophically inspired history of ideas in conjunction with insights from cognitive science.

Introduction To Quantum Field Theory

Author: Roberto Casalbuoni
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813146680
Size: 66.68 MB
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This book deals with quantum field theory, the language of modern elementary particles physics. Based on university lectures given by the author, this volume provides a detailed technical treatment of quantum field theory that is particularly useful for students; it begins with the quantization of the most important free fields, the scalar, the spin-1/2 and the photon fields, and is then followed by a detailed account of symmetry properties, including a discussion on global and local symmetries and the spontaneous breaking of symmetries. Perturbation theory, one-loop effects for quantum electrodynamics, and renormalization properties are also covered. In this second edition new chapters have been introduced with a general description of path integral quantization both on quantum mechanics and in quantum field theory, with a particular attention to the gauge fields. The path integral quantization of Fermi fields is also discussed. Request Inspection Copy

The Laws Of Radiation And Absorption Memoirs By Pr Vost Stewart Kirchhoff And Kirchhoff And Bunsen

Author: Gustav Kirchhoff
Publisher: Sagwan Press
ISBN: 9781376534443
Size: 74.85 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Free And Interacting Quantum Fields

Author: Merches Ioan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981314548X
Size: 47.75 MB
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Modern physics is characterized by two great theories, which make it fundamentally different from its predecessor: quantum theory and theory of relativity. In this book we want to bring to the reader's attention several solutions to problems connected to the quantum-relativistic interaction of particles. Remarkably, such solutions furnished rigorous and pertinent explanations of a large set of phenomena, both in microscopic world and galactic universe. Contents: PrefaceIntroductionClassical and Quantum Free FieldsThe Gravitational Transmutations HypothesisTomonaga–Schwinger Representation of Dynamics of a Quantum Physical System. Matrix Elements of the Field Operators and Feynman{Dyson-Type Rules for High-Spin ParticlesFundamentals of Gauge Theories. The Minimal Coupling PrincipleThe Gravitational Field Interacting with Other FieldsInteraction of Scalar, Spinorial, Spin-Vectorial and Tensorial Particles, and the Gravitational Field Described by the Schwarzschild MetricScattering of Electrons and Photogeneration of Gravitons in External Gravitational FieldInteraction of Scalar, Spinorial, Vectorial, Spin-Vectorial and Tensorial Particles with the Axially-Symmetric Gravitational Field Described by the Kerr MetricSoftware Package for Analytical Calculation of Differential Cross-Sections of Gravitational Scattering of High-Spin ParticlesAppendices: Isotopic FormalismThe Dirac Matrices and the Dirac EquationOperatorial TransformationsSingular FunctionsIntegration Formulas in Momentum SpaceMatrix Elements of the Field Operators and First-Order Vertices for the Gravitational Interaction of ParticlesExpressions of the Coeffcients-Functions of the Differential and Integral Scattering Cross-Sections of Particles in the External Axially-Symmetric Gravitational Field Described by the Kerr MetricValues of Several Physical Quantities in CGS and Natural (ħ = 1, c = 1) Unit Systems. Equivalence Between Different Units of Measurement Readership: Researchers and graduate students in quantum field theory and theoretical physics. Keywords: Quantum FieldsReview: Key Features: In this book we present several solutions to problems connected to the quantum-relativistic interaction of particles. Remarkably, such solutions furnished rigorous and pertinent explanations of a large set of phenomena, both in microscopic world and universe

Abhandlungen Uber Mechanische Warmetheorie Scholar S Choice Edition

Author: Max Planck
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781297350986
Size: 69.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Emergent Phenomena In Atomic Nuclei From Large Scale Modeling A Symmetry Guided Perspective

Author: Launey Kristina D
Publisher: #N/A
ISBN: 9813146060
Size: 36.44 MB
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This book is a unique collection of reviews that share a common topic, emergent phenomena in atomic nuclei, while revealing the multifaceted nature of the subject, from quarks to heavy nuclei. It tells an amazing story of a decades-long journey of trials and successes, up to present days, with the aim to understand the vast array of experimental data and the fundamentals of strongly interacting fermions. The emphasis is on discovering emergent orderly patterns amidst the overarching complexity of many-particle quantum-mechanical systems. Recent findings are discussed within an interesting framework: a combination of nuclear theory and experiment, of group theory and computational science, and of pivotal models of astonishing simplicity and state-of-the-art models empowered by supercomputers. A special theme resonates throughout the book: the important role of symmetries, exact and approximate, in exposing emergent features and guiding large-scale nuclear modeling. World-renowned experts offer their unique perspective on symmetries in the world of quarks and gluons, and that of protons and neurons — from chiral symmetry, through spin-isospin and quasi-spin symmetries, to symplectic symmetry, — as well as on the emergent nature of nuclear collectivity, clustering, and pairing, viewed from spectroscopy, microscopic considerations, and first principles. The book provides an excellent foundation that allows researchers and graduate students in physics and applied mathematics to review the current status of the subject, and to further explore the research literature through exhaustive sets of references that also point to studies underpinned by similar techniques in condensed matter and atomic physics along with quantum information.