Green Syntheses

Author: Pietro Tundo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466513195
Size: 46.77 MB
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Many new methods directed to organic and inorganic syntheses of useful intermediates are being developed to specifically address green and sustainable chemistry principles. Highlighting the importance of green metrics, the Green Syntheses series focuses on how to reliably substantiate and validate the level of "greenness" of chemical processes, providing practical synthetic methodologies and metrics for a rigorous proof of "greenness." In Green Syntheses, Volume 1, the first book of its kind, the editors determine appropriate material efficiency green metrics and use them to compare syntheses provided by the chapter authors with those previously published. Presenting a new concept in green chemistry, this book demonstrates what future publications might look like if green principles are followed and also incorporate the important ethical aspect of supplying rigorous procedures in laboratory practice and evidence of greenness of a given synthesis protocol using metrics analysis. This inaugural volume initiates the much-needed transition from stating the 12 guiding principles on the philosophy of green chemistry to the actualization and verification of it. The book addresses primarily the issue of material efficiency metrics, which measure the amount of waste produced relative to desired product. In each contributed example, full experimental details are given showing all quantities of materials used in the procedure. Authors discuss the green merits of their protocols in conjunction with the results of a thorough metrics analysis, allowing for in-depth discussion of insights about synthesis strategy and performance characteristics of the new and prior cited plans.

Handbook Of Green Chemistry Green Processes Green Synthesis

Author: Chao-Jun Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527326020
Size: 41.68 MB
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The shift towards being as environmentally-friendly as possible has resulted in the need for this important volume on the role of ionic liquids in green chemistry. Edited by Peter Wasserscheid, one of the pioneers of ionic liquid research, and Annegret Stark, this is an essential resource for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of the world of green chemistry, as well as for chemists, environmental agencies and chemical engineers. The Handbook of Green Chemistry comprises of 9 volumes in total, split into 3 subject-specific sets. The three sets are available individually. All 9 volumes are available individually, too. Set I: Green Catalysis - Volume 1: Homogeneous Catalysis - Volume 2: Heterogeneous Catalysis - Volume 3: Biocatalysis Set II: Green Solvents - Volume 4: Supercritical Solvents - Volume 5: Reactions in Water - Volume 6: Ionic Liquids Set III: Green Processes - Volume 7: Green Synthesis - Volume 8: Green Nanoscience - Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals The Handbook of Green Chemistry is also available as Online Edition. Podcasts Listen to two podcasts in which Professor Paul Anastas and Journals Editor Paul Trevorrow discuss the origin and expansion of Green Chemistry and give an overview of The Handbook of Green Chemistry.

Green Chemical Syntheses And Processes

Author: Paul T. Anastas
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 9780841236783
Size: 23.89 MB
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There have been a number of recent advances in the area of green chemistry. This book contains some of the notable breakthroughs that have marked this science that is designed to reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. It addresses how recent advances in biocatalysis and biosynthesis can be used to make traditional chemical transformations more environmentally benign or, alternately, how it is inventing and discovering new chemical transformations that are intrinsically less hazardous. The new uses of known solvent systems as well as the exploration of new solvent systems is discussed in the context of its benefits both in terms of efficiency and environmental benefit. The area of designing safer chemicals provides some recent examples of how molecules as diverse as pesticides and dyes can be made more environmentally benign. This volume is part of a two-volume set devoted to promoting the concept of green chemistry. Each of these volumes will facilitate more widespread adoptions of these techniques by governments and chemical industry and lead to a greater overall understanding of green chemistry.

Handbook Of Green Chemistry Green Processes Green Synthesis

Author:
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527688498
Size: 38.44 MB
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Edited by Professor CJ Li, one of the leading international experts in the fields of Green Chemistry and Green Synthesis, this volume presents such hot topics as synthesis without protecting groups, multi-component reactions, and synthesis in green solvents. The Handbook of Green Chemistry comprises of 9 volumes in total, split into 3 subject-specific sets. The three sets are available individually. All 9 volumes are available individually, too. Set I: Green Catalysis - Volume 1: Homogeneous Catalysis - Volume 2: Heterogeneous Catalysis - Volume 3: Biocatalysis Set II: Green Solvents - Volume 4: Supercritical Solvents - Volume 5: Reactions in Water - Volume 6: Ionic Liquids Set III: Green Processes - Volume 7: Green Synthesis - Volume 8: Green Nanoscience - Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals The Handbook of Green Chemistry is also available as Online Edition. Podcasts Listen to two podcasts in which Professor Paul Anastas and Journals Editor Paul Trevorrow discuss the origin and expansion of Green Chemistry and give an overview of The Handbook of Green Chemistry.

Green Techniques For Organic Synthesis And Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Wei Zhang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470711515
Size: 50.26 MB
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Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Green Biosynthesis Of Nanoparticles

Author: Mahendra Rai
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780642237
Size: 50.72 MB
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There are physical and chemical methods of synthesis of nanomaterials. But due to the damage caused by these methods to the environment there is a pressing need of green nanotechnology, which is a clean and eco-friendly technology for the development of nanomaterials. The present book includes green synthesis of nanoparticles by algae, diatoms and plants. The mechanism behind the synthesis of nanoparticles will also be discussed. The book would be a valuable resource for students, researchers and teachers of biology, chemistry, chemical technology, nanotechnology, microbial technology and those who are interested in green nanotechnology.

Eco Friendly Synthesis Of Fine Chemicals

Author: Roberto Ballini
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847559085
Size: 49.58 MB
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The 20th century has seen a phenomenal growth in the global economy and continuous improvement in the standard of living in the industrialized countries. Sustainable development has become an ideal target in recent years and in the early 1990s the concept of "Green chemistry" was launched in the USA as a new paradigm, and since 1993 it has been promoted by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The success of the pharmaceutical industry is, in large part, due to the towering achievement of organic chemistry, a mature science which emerged as a distinct discipline well over 150 years ago, however this has been both a blessing and a curse. Many of our most reliable strategies for assembling target molecules employ reactions which are fifty to one hundred years old and are often named in honour of their discoverers. During these early years, the chronic toxicological properties of chemicals were often completely unknown and many unwittingly became indispensable tools of the trade. Early pioneers in green chemistry included Trost (who developed the atom economy principle) and Sheldon (who developed the E-Factor). These measures were introduced to encourage the use of more sustainable chemistry and provide some benchmarking data to encourage scientists to aspire to more benign synthesis. Green chemistry is essentially the design of chemical processes and procedures that reduce or eliminate the use, or the generation, of hazardous substances. Green chemistry is a growing area of research and an increasing number of researchers are now involved in this field. The number of publications has dramatically increased and new recognition of advances made is necessary with respect to other research areas. The synthesis of "Fine Chemicals" represents one of the main goals in organic synthesis and this new book extensively examines the main processes and procedures for their preparation under eco-friendly conditions. The book is a collection of selected research topics delivered by scientists involved in some of the more prominent fields of green chemistry. It is devoted to the synthesis of fine chemicals by the use of alternative eco-friendly solvents (ionic liquids, polyethylene glycol, water, etc.), supported organic catalysis, microwave irradiation or high pressure as contributors to more efficient processes, photochemistry as a green procedure and solvent-free processes. Each chapter gives an introduction to the various methods or procedures and their contribution to green chemistry and a variety of the most representative examples of the eco-friendly synthesis of fine chemicals are reported and discussed. In addition, there is a chapter dedicated to the application of simple reaction to the synthesis of complex molecules.The chapters are all written by authors who are experts in their field and are exhaustively referenced and the book will be invaluable for researchers and industrialists as well as academia.

Solvent Free Organic Synthesis

Author: Koichi Tanaka
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527322640
Size: 19.32 MB
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In this second edition of a best-selling handbook all the chapters have been completely revised and updated, while four completely new chapters have been added. In order to meet the needs of the practitioner, emphasis is placed on describing precisely the technology and know-how involved. Adopting a didactic and comprehensible approach, the book guides the reader through theory and applications, thus ensuring its warm welcome among the scientific community. An excellent, essential and exhaustive overview.

Renewable Resources For Biorefineries

Author: Rafael Luque
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 184973898X
Size: 80.25 MB
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An ideal book for upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students taking modules on Renewable resources, green chemistry, sustainable development, environmental science, agricultural science and environmental technology.

Radiochemical Syntheses Volume 1

Author: Peter J. H. Scott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118140338
Size: 62.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The ultimate reference guide to the synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals The Radiochemical Syntheses series provides scientists and professionals with a comprehensive reference to proven synthetic methods for radiochemical reactions, along with step-by-step guidance on how to replicate these syntheses in the laboratory. Volume 1 in the series focuses on the synthesis and purification of radiopharmaceuticals in clinical use today. It brings together in one complete, self-contained volume a collection of monographs containing a wealth of practical information from across the literature, demonstrating in meticulous detail how to prepare radiopharmaceuticals for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, especially in tumor studies, cardiology, and neuroscience. Readers have key experimental details culled from the literature at their fingertips, greatly simplifying the process of qualifying a site for the clinical production of new radiopharmaceuticals.