Geography History And The American Political Economy

Author: John Heppen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780739128169
Size: 24.65 MB
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These essays focus on the geographic responses to periodic cycles of crisis and recovery and the more general underlying intertwining of geography and history, demonstrating how the constant restructuring of American politics and economy occurs within spatial and historical constructs.

Feeding Gotham

Author: Gergely Baics
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883628
Size: 63.41 MB
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New York City witnessed unparalleled growth in the first half of the nineteenth century, its population rising from thirty thousand people to nearly a million in a matter of decades. Feeding Gotham looks at how America's first metropolis grappled with the challenge of provisioning its inhabitants. It tells the story of how access to food, once a public good, became a private matter left to free and unregulated markets—and of the profound consequences this had for American living standards and urban development. Taking readers from the early republic to the Civil War, Gergely Baics explores the changing dynamics of urban governance, market forces, and the built environment that defined New Yorkers’ experiences of supplying their households. He paints a vibrant portrait of the public debates that propelled New York from a tightly regulated public market to a free-market system of provisioning, and shows how deregulation had its social costs and benefits. Baics uses cutting-edge GIS mapping techniques to reconstruct New York’s changing food landscapes over half a century, following residents into neighborhood public markets, meat shops, and groceries across the city’s expanding territory. He lays bare how unequal access to adequate and healthy food supplies led to an increasingly differentiated urban environment. A masterful blend of economic, social, and geographic history, Feeding Gotham traces how this highly fragmented geography of food access became a defining and enduring feature of the American city.

The Evolution Of A Nation

Author: Daniel Berkowitz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691136041
Size: 30.22 MB
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Although political and legal institutions are essential to any nation's economic development, the forces that have shaped these institutions are poorly understood. Drawing on rich evidence about the development of the American states from the mid-nineteenth to the late twentieth century, this book documents the mechanisms through which geographical and historical conditions--such as climate, access to water transportation, and early legal systems--impacted political and judicial institutions and economic growth. The book shows how a state's geography and climate influenced whether elites based their wealth in agriculture or trade. States with more occupationally diverse elites in 1860 had greater levels of political competition in their legislature from 1866 to 2000. The book also examines the effects of early legal systems. Because of their colonial history, thirteen states had an operational civil-law legal system prior to statehood. All of these states except Louisiana would later adopt common law. By the late eighteenth century, the two legal systems differed in their balances of power. In civil-law systems, judiciaries were subordinate to legislatures, whereas in common-law systems, the two were more equal. Former civil-law states and common-law states exhibit persistent differences in the structure of their courts, the retention of judges, and judicial budgets. Moreover, changes in court structures, retention procedures, and budgets occur under very different conditions in civil-law and common-law states. The Evolution of a Nation illustrates how initial geographical and historical conditions can determine the evolution of political and legal institutions and long-run growth.

The Oxford Handbook Of Latin American Political Economy

Author: Javier Santiso
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199747504
Size: 53.34 MB
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Understanding Latin America's recent economic performance calls for a multidisciplinary analysis. This handbook looks at the interaction of economics and politics in the region and includes a number of contributions from top academic experts who have also served as key policy makers (a former president, ministers of finance, a central bank governor), reflecting upon the challenges of reform.

The Geography Of North America Environment Political Economy And Culture

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478447559
Size: 12.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Geography of North America, Environment, Political Economy, and Culture. In this book, you will learn topics such as Historical Settlement of North America, North American Political Economy, The Atlantic Periphery, and Quebec plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The American Way

Author: Carville Earle
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847687138
Size: 73.65 MB
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The geography of contemporary U.S. political economy has roots that run deep into our past. Earle traces their growth to the seventeenth-century origins of liberalism, republicanism, and financial crises.

Spending To Win

Author: Stephanie J. Rickard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108397158
Size: 16.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Governments in some democracies target economic policies, like industrial subsidies, to small groups at the expense of many. Why do some governments redistribute more narrowly than others? Their willingness to selectively target economic benefits, like subsidies to businesses, depends on the way politicians are elected and the geographic distribution of economic activities. Based on interviews with government ministers and bureaucrats, as well as parliamentary records, industry publications, local media coverage, and new quantitative data, Spending to Win: Political Institutions, Economic Geography, and Government Subsidies demonstrates that government policy-making can be explained by the combination of electoral institutions and economic geography. Specifically, it shows how institutions interact with economic geography to influence countries' economic policies and international economic relations. Identical institutions have wide-ranging effects depending on the context in which they operate. No single institution is a panacea for issues, such as income inequality, international economic conflict, or minority representation.

Prisoners Of Geography

Author: Tim Marshall
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1501121472
Size: 58.74 MB
Format: PDF
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First published in Great Britain in 2015 by Elliott and Thompson Limited.

Political Geography Of The United States

Author: Fred M. Shelley
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572300484
Size: 30.29 MB
Format: PDF
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This text applies fundamental questions of the field of political geography to the United States. It explores the geography of America's political history, with specific geographical questions, and explores topics which include the origins and growth of the US, presidential politics, the role of the state and its local governments, and the relationship between the United States and the world as a whole.