Generalized Estimating Equations Second Edition

Author: James W. Hardin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439881138
Size: 79.70 MB
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Generalized Estimating Equations, Second Edition updates the best-selling previous edition, which has been the standard text on the subject since it was published a decade ago. Combining theory and application, the text provides readers with a comprehensive discussion of GEE and related models. Numerous examples are employed throughout the text, along with the software code used to create, run, and evaluate the models being examined. Stata is used as the primary software for running and displaying modeling output; associated R code is also given to allow R users to replicate Stata examples. Specific examples of SAS usage are provided in the final chapter as well as on the book’s website. This second edition incorporates comments and suggestions from a variety of sources, including the Statistics.com course on longitudinal and panel models taught by the authors. Other enhancements include an examination of GEE marginal effects; a more thorough presentation of hypothesis testing and diagnostics, covering competing hierarchical models; and a more detailed examination of previously discussed subjects. Along with doubling the number of end-of-chapter exercises, this edition expands discussion of various models associated with GEE, such as penalized GEE, cumulative and multinomial GEE, survey GEE, and quasi-least squares regression. It also offers a thoroughly new presentation of model selection procedures, including the introduction of an extension to the QIC measure that is applicable for choosing among working correlation structures. See Professor Hilbe discuss the book.

Generalized Estimating Equations

Author: Andreas Ziegler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461404996
Size: 44.67 MB
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Generalized estimating equations have become increasingly popular in biometrical, econometrical, and psychometrical applications because they overcome the classical assumptions of statistics, i.e. independence and normality, which are too restrictive for many problems. Therefore, the main goal of this book is to give a systematic presentation of the original generalized estimating equations (GEE) and some of its further developments. Subsequently, the emphasis is put on the unification of various GEE approaches. This is done by the use of two different estimation techniques, the pseudo maximum likelihood (PML) method and the generalized method of moments (GMM). The author details the statistical foundation of the GEE approach using more general estimation techniques. The book could therefore be used as basis for a course to graduate students in statistics, biostatistics, or econometrics, and will be useful to practitioners in the same fields.

Generalized Estimating Equations Second Edition

Author: James W. Hardin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439881146
Size: 14.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3831
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Generalized Estimating Equations, Second Edition updates the best-selling previous edition, which has been the standard text on the subject since it was published a decade ago. Combining theory and application, the text provides readers with a comprehensive discussion of GEE and related models. Numerous examples are employed throughout the text, along with the software code used to create, run, and evaluate the models being examined. Stata is used as the primary software for running and displaying modeling output; associated R code is also given to allow R users to replicate Stata examples. Specific examples of SAS usage are provided in the final chapter as well as on the book’s website. This second edition incorporates comments and suggestions from a variety of sources, including the Statistics.com course on longitudinal and panel models taught by the authors. Other enhancements include an examination of GEE marginal effects; a more thorough presentation of hypothesis testing and diagnostics, covering competing hierarchical models; and a more detailed examination of previously discussed subjects. Along with doubling the number of end-of-chapter exercises, this edition expands discussion of various models associated with GEE, such as penalized GEE, cumulative and multinomial GEE, survey GEE, and quasi-least squares regression. It also offers a thoroughly new presentation of model selection procedures, including the introduction of an extension to the QIC measure that is applicable for choosing among working correlation structures. See Professor Hilbe discuss the book.

Markov Chain Marginal Bootstrap For Generalized Estimating Equations

Author: Di Li
Publisher: ProQuest
ISBN: 9780549340836
Size: 65.94 MB
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Longitudinal data are characterized by repeated measures over time on each subject. The generalized estimating equations (GEE) approach (Liang and Zeger, 1996) has been widely used for the analysis of longitudinal data. The ordinary GEE approach can be robustified through the use of truncated robust estimating functions. Statistical inference on the robust GEE is often based on the asymptotic normality of the estimators, and the asymptotic variance-covariance of the regression parameter estimates can be obtained from a sandwich formula. However, this asymptotic variance-covariance matrix may depend on unknown error density functions. Direct estimation of this matrix can be difficult and unreliable since it depends quite heavily on the nonparametric density estimation. Resampling methods provide an alternative way for estimating the variance of the regression parameter estimates. In this thesis, we extend the Markov chain marginal bootstrap (MCMB) (He and Hu, 2002) to statistical inference for robust GEE estimators with longitudinal data, allowing the estimating functions to be non-smooth and the responses correlated within subjects. By decomposing the problem into one-dimensions and solving the marginal estimating equations at each step instead of solving a p--dimensional system of equations, the MCMB method renders more control to the problem and offers advantages over traditional bootstrap methods for robust GEE estimators where the estimating equation may not be easy to solve. Empirical investigations show favorable performance of the MCMB method in accuracy and reliability compared with the traditional way of inference by direct estimation of the asymptotic variance-covariance.

Model Robust Regression Based On Generalized Estimating Equations

Author: Seth K. Clark
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 72.91 MB
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One form of model robust regression (MRR) predicts mean response as a convex combination of a parametric and a nonparametric prediction. MRR is a semiparametric method by which an incompletely or an incorrectly specified parametric model can be improved through adding an appropriate amount of a nonparametric fit. The combined predictor can have less bias than the parametric model estimate alone and less variance than the nonparametric estimate alone. Additionally, as shown in previous work for uncorrelated data with linear mean function, MRR can converge faster than the nonparametric predictor alone. We extend the MRR technique to the problem of predicting mean response for clustered non-normal data. We combine a nonparametric method based on local estimation with a global, parametric generalized estimating equations (GEE) estimate through a mixing parameter on both the mean scale and the linear predictor scale. As a special case, when data are uncorrelated, this amounts to mixing a local likelihood estimate with predictions from a global generalized linear model. Cross-validation bandwidth and optimal mixing parameter selectors are developed. The global fits and the optimal and data-driven local and mixed fits are studied under no/some/substantial model misspecification via simulation. The methods are then illustrated through application to data from a longitudinal study.

Generalized Linear Mixed Models

Author: Charles E. McCulloch
Publisher: IMS
ISBN: 9780940600546
Size: 48.65 MB
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Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics A modern perspective on mixed models The availability of powerful computing methods in recent decades has thrust linear and nonlinear mixed models into the mainstream of statistical application. This volume offers a modern perspective on generalized, linear, and mixed models, presenting a unified and accessible treatment of the newest statistical methods for analyzing correlated, nonnormally distributed data. As a follow-up to Searle's classic, Linear Models, and Variance Components by Searle, Casella, and McCulloch, this new work progresses from the basic one-way classification to generalized linear mixed models. A variety of statistical methods are explained and illustrated, with an emphasis on maximum likelihood and restricted maximum likelihood. An invaluable resource for applied statisticians and industrial practitioners, as well as students interested in the latest results, Generalized, Linear, and Mixed Models features: * A review of the basics of linear models and linear mixed models * Descriptions of models for nonnormal data, including generalized linear and nonlinear models * Analysis and illustration of techniques for a variety of real data sets * Information on the accommodation of longitudinal data using these models * Coverage of the prediction of realized values of random effects * A discussion of the impact of computing issues on mixed models

Quasi Least Squares Regression

Author: Justine Shults
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420099930
Size: 31.40 MB
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Drawing on the authors’ substantial expertise in modeling longitudinal and clustered data, Quasi-Least Squares Regression provides a thorough treatment of quasi-least squares (QLS) regression—a computational approach for the estimation of correlation parameters within the framework of generalized estimating equations (GEEs). The authors present a detailed evaluation of QLS methodology, demonstrating the advantages of QLS in comparison with alternative methods. They describe how QLS can be used to extend the application of the traditional GEE approach to the analysis of unequally spaced longitudinal data, familial data, and data with multiple sources of correlation. In some settings, QLS also allows for improved analysis with an unstructured correlation matrix. Special focus is given to goodness-of-fit analysis as well as new strategies for selecting the appropriate working correlation structure for QLS and GEE. A chapter on longitudinal binary data tackles recent issues raised in the statistical literature regarding the appropriateness of semi-parametric methods, such as GEE and QLS, for the analysis of binary data; this chapter includes a comparison with the first-order Markov maximum-likelihood (MARK1ML) approach for binary data. Examples throughout the book demonstrate each topic of discussion. In particular, a fully worked out example leads readers from model building and interpretation to the planning stages for a future study (including sample size calculations). The code provided enables readers to replicate many of the examples in Stata, often with corresponding R, SAS, or MATLAB® code offered in the text or on the book’s website.