Gene Regulation

Author: David Latchman
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 0203016335
Size: 23.74 MB
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Gene regulation is an essential process in the development and maintenance of a healthy body, and as such, is a central focus in both basic science and medical research. Gene Regulation, Fifth Edition provides the student and researcher with a clear, up-to-date description of gene regulation in eukaryotes, distilling the vast and complex primary literature into a concise overview.

Gene Regulation

Author: David S. Latchman
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 9780748765300
Size: 63.77 MB
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This lucid, well structured and jargon-free book provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of the processes involved in gene expression and the mechanisms by which such expression is regulated. New information on how viruses modify host gene regulation has been included in this new edition. Methods used to analyze gene expression have also been given more attention, with a new section added on methods for examining DNA binding by transcriptional factors.

Gene Control

Author: David Latchman
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1136844201
Size: 10.59 MB
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Gene Control offers a current description of how gene expression is controlled in eukaryotes, reviewing and summarizing the extensive primary literature into an easily accessible format. Gene Control is a comprehensively restructured and expanded edition of Latchman’s Gene Regulation: A Eukaryotic Perspective, Fifth Edition. The first part of the book deals with the fundamental processes of gene control at the levels of chromatin structure, transcription, and post-transcriptional processes. Three pairs of chapters deal with each of these aspects, first describing the basic process itself, followed by the manner in which it is involved in controlling gene expression. The second part of the book deals with the role of gene control in specific biological processes. Certain chapters deal with the importance of gene control in cellular signaling processes and for normal development of the embryo. Another chapter discusses the key roles played by gene-regulatory processes in the specification of differentiated cell types such as muscle cells and neurons. The final chapters discuss the consequences of errors in gene control; the relationship between gene misregulation and human diseases, especially cancer; and potential therapies designed specifically to target particular levels of gene control. Gene Control will be of value to students in biological sciences, as well as to scientists and clinicians interested in how genes are regulated in health and disease.

Regulation Of Gene Expression

Author: Gary H. Perdew
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597452289
Size: 74.52 MB
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The use of molecular biology and biochemistry to study the regulation of gene expression has become a major feature of research in the biological sciences. Many excellent books and reviews exist that examine the experimental methodology employed in specific areas of molecular biology and regulation of gene expression. However, we have noticed a lack of books, especially textbooks, that provide an overview of the rationale and general experimental approaches used to examine chemically or disease-mediated alterations in gene expression in mammalian systems. For example, it has been difficult to find appropriate texts that examine specific experimental goals, such as proving that an increased level of mRNA for a given gene is attributable to an increase in transcription rates. Regulation of Gene Expression: Molecular Mechanisms is intended to serve as either a textbook for graduate students or as a basic reference for laboratory personnel. Indeed, we are using this book to teach a graduate-level class at The Pennsylvania State University. For more details about this class, please visit http://moltox. cas. psu. edu and select “Courses. ” The goal for our work is to provide an overview of the various methods and approaches to characterize possible mechanisms of gene regulation. Further, we have attempted to provide a framework for students to develop an understanding of how to determine the various mechanisms that lead to altered activity of a specific protein within a cell.

Epigenetic Gene Expression And Regulation

Author: Suming Huang
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128004711
Size: 55.96 MB
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Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Advanced Data Mining And Applications

Author: Jie Tang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642258530
Size: 22.87 MB
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The two-volume set LNAI 7120 and LNAI 7121 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Advanced Data Mining and Applications, ADMA 2011, held in Beijing, China, in December 2011. The 35 revised full papers and 29 short papers presented together with 3 keynote speeches were carefully reviewed and selected from 191 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics presenting original research findings in data mining, spanning applications, algorithms, software and systems, and applied disciplines.

Maximizing Gene Expression

Author: William Reznikoff
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483100804
Size: 58.27 MB
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Maximizing Gene Expression focuses on prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression. The book first discusses E. coli promoters. Topics include structure analysis, steps in transcription initiation, structure-function correlation, and regulation of transcription initiation. The text also highlights yeast promoters, including elements that select initiation sites, transcription regulation, regulatory proteins, and upstream promoter elements. The text also describes protein coding genes of higher eukaryotes; instability of messenger RNA in bacteria; and replication control of the ColE1-type plasmids. The text then describes translation initiation, including the translation of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The book puts emphasis on the selective degradation of abnormal proteins in bacteria. Topics include proteins rapidly hydrolyzed in E. coli; intracellular aggregates of abnormal polypeptides; energy requirement and pathway for proteins; proteolytic enzymes in E. coli; and regulation of ion expression. The text also highlights the detection of proteins produced by recombinant DNA techniques and mechanism and practice. The book is a good source of information for readers wanting to study gene expression.

Antioxidant And Redox Regulation Of Genes

Author: Chandan K. Sen
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080527291
Size: 47.53 MB
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This volume addresses oxidant-reduction or redox and antioxidant sensitive molecular mechanisms and how they are implicated in different disease processes. Possible strategies to pharmacologically and/or nutritionally manipulate such redox-sensitive molecular responses are emphasized. Reactive species as intracellular messengers Redox regulation of cellular responses Clinical implications of redox signaling and antioxidant therapy

Gene Regulation

Author: Bert O'Malley
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323152902
Size: 45.66 MB
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Gene Regulation documents the proceedings of the CETUS-UCLA Symposium ""Gene Regulation,"" held in Keystone, Colorado in March/April 1982. The symposium related gene structure and regulatory sequences to overall genomic organization and genetic evolution. It was the first meeting to focus on regulation of eukaryotic gene expression since the maturation in recombinant DNA technology. The book is organized into four parts. Part I presents studies on the structure of eukaryotic genes, including the organization and molecular basis for differential expression of the mouse λ light chain genes; globin gene transcription and RNA processing; and the cloning of the human chromosomal α1-antitrypsin gene and its structural comparison with the chicken gene coding for ovalbumin. Part II on chromatin structure includes papers on nuclease sensitivity of the ovalbumin gene and its flanking DNA sequences; and the relationship of chromatin structure to DNA sequence. Part III on gene expression includes papers on the role of poly(A) in eukaryotic mRNA metabolism and the in vitro transcription of Drosophila tRNA genes. Part IV on cellular biology includes studies such as the importance of calmodulin to the eukaryotic cells.

Computational Biology And Bioinformatics

Author: Ka-Chun Wong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498725007
Size: 53.19 MB
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The advances in biotechnology such as the next generation sequencing technologies are occurring at breathtaking speed. Advances and breakthroughs give competitive advantages to those who are prepared. However, the driving force behind the positive competition is not only limited to the technological advancement, but also to the companion data analytical skills and computational methods which are collectively called computational biology and bioinformatics. Without them, the biotechnology-output data by itself is raw and perhaps meaningless. To raise such awareness, we have collected the state-of-the-art research works in computational biology and bioinformatics with a thematic focus on gene regulation in this book. This book is designed to be self-contained and comprehensive, targeting senior undergraduates and junior graduate students in the related disciplines such as bioinformatics, computational biology, biostatistics, genome science, computer science, applied data mining, applied machine learning, life science, biomedical science, and genetics. In addition, we believe that this book will serve as a useful reference for both bioinformaticians and computational biologists in the post-genomic era.