Gamma Ray Bursts

Author: Chryssa Kouveliotou
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521662095
Size: 47.80 MB
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A comprehensive graduate-level review of GRB astrophysics and its history, featuring the latest research by an international team of experts.

High Energy Astrophysics

Author: James M Matthews
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814502324
Size: 31.44 MB
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This book is a collection of comprehensive reviews on astrophysics at the highest energies. It puts together, for the first time, discussions of astrophysics from MeV to EeV energies and beyond. Observations at these energies reveal nuclear and particle physics throughout our galaxy as well as in the most extreme environments in the entire cosmos. These reports range from the recent spectacular results from the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, including the latest information on enigmatic gamma ray bursts, to cosmic rays at the highest energies ever observed by man. Contents:Introduction (J Matthews)High Energy Gamma Ray Astronomy (C E Fichtel & D J Thompson)Gamma Ray Line Radiation (R Ramaty & R E Lingenfelter)Gamma Ray Bursters (D H Hartmann)Gamma Ray Astronomy above 0.1 TeV (D J Fegan)Cosmic Ray Observations at Extreme Energies (P Sokolsky)Astrophysical Neutrinos (T Stanev)AGN and Galactic Sites of Cosmic Ray Origin (P L Biermann) Readership: Astrophysicists and astronomers. keywords:Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays;Galactic Cosmic Rays;Neutrino Astrophysics;Gamma Ray Astrophysics;Supernova Explosions;Gamma Ray Bursts;Active Binary Stars;Neutron Stars;Black Holes;Active Galactic Nuclei;Gamma Ray Astronomy;Pulsars;Radioactivity;Positrons;Supernovae;Hypernovae;Novae “I strongly recommend this book for library purchase so that it can be available to research workers in the field … The book is eminently worth reading.” J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. “The book is thus accessible to graduate students with a physics background and would be a useful addition to the libraries of institutions with an interest in astronomy and to the bookshelves of workers close to the field. Its cost is not excessive by modern standards and represents good value given the very high quality of the astrophysical material it contains.” Australian & New Zeland Physicist

Tev Gamma Ray Astrophysics

Author: Heinrich J. Völk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400901712
Size: 57.38 MB
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The `International Heidelberg Workshop on TeV Gamma-Ray Astrophysics' brought together astrophysicists from the various fields which play a role in the formation of high energy gamma-ray emission. In particular, theoretical and observational aspects of the physics and astrophysics of pulsars and quasars, the acceleration of particles at Supernova Remnants and other strong astrophysical shock fronts, and cascade processes in universal background photon fields were comprehensively discussed in more than thirty reviews by leading experts. In their entirety these reviews describe the birth of a new field of astronomy. This field concerns cosmic gamma-rays of very high energy which are observed with ground-based optical telescopes due to the Cherenkov emission of the secondary particles created by the interaction of these gamma-rays with atoms in the Earth's atmosphere. Beyond that, the workshop encompassed the latest developments and trends in theory and observation of cosmic gamma-ray sources of all energies, from nuclear gamma-ray lines in the MeV-region, through the Bremsstrahlung, Inverse Compton, and pion decay continuum emission, to gamma-rays due the decay of exotic relics from the early Universe. Audience: Specialists as well as students in physics and astrophysics and young research workers.

Compact Stellar X Ray Sources

Author: Walter Lewin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139451774
Size: 70.82 MB
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X-ray astronomy is the prime available window on astrophysical compact objects: black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs. New observational opportunities have led to an explosion of knowledge in this field. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the astrophysics of compact objects that emit X-rays. Sixteen chapters written by the foremost experts in the field cover the observations and the astrophysical interpretation of these objects. Topics covered include binary systems, gamma ray burst sources, anomalous X-ray pulsars, super-soft sources, and enigmatic fast X-ray transients. Further chapters are dedicated to isolated neutron stars and the X-ray source populations of globular clusters. The properties of X-ray binaries are discussed in depth in chapters on quasi-periodic oscillations and related aperiodic X-ray variability, X-ray bursts, black holes, and relativistic jets. This is a valuable reference for both graduate students and active researchers.

High Energy Astrophysics

Author: Thierry J.-L. Courvoisier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642309690
Size: 55.46 MB
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High-energy astrophysics has unveiled a Universe very different from that only known from optical observations. It has revealed many types of objects in which typical variability timescales are as short as years, months, days, and hours (in quasars, X-ray binaries, etc), and even down to milli-seconds in gamma ray bursts. The sources of energy that are encountered are only very seldom nuclear fusion, and most of the time gravitation, a paradox when one thinks that gravitation is, by many orders of magnitude, the weakest of the fundamental interactions. The understanding of these objects' physical conditions and the processes revealed by high-energy astrophysics in the last decades is nowadays part of astrophysicists' culture, even of those active in other domains of astronomy. This book evolved from lectures given to master and PhD students at the University of Geneva since the early 1990s. It aims at providing astronomers and physicists intending to be active in high-energy astrophysics a broad basis on which they should be able to build the more specific knowledge they will need. While in the first part of the book the physical processes are described and derived in detail, the second part studies astrophysical objects in which high-energy astrophysics processes are crucial. This two-pronged approach will help students recognise physical processes by their observational signatures in contexts that may differ widely from those presented here.

Gamma Ray Bursts In The Swift Era

Author: Stephen S. Holt
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9780735403260
Size: 28.92 MB
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This is the sixteenth conference of the current series of annual October Astrophysics Conferences in Maryland. It was devoted to the discussion of gamma-ray bursts, the most powerful explosions since the Big Bang. Results from the newly launched Swift mission and other observatories are solving the mysteries of the origin of the bursts. Over 250 scientists from the international astronomical community gathered to debate the meaning of the recent discoveries.

Exploring The X Ray Universe

Author: Frederick D. Seward
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491539
Size: 61.89 MB
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Capturing the excitement and accomplishments of X-ray astronomy, this second edition now includes a broader range of astronomical phenomena and dramatic new results from the most powerful X-ray telescopes. Covering all areas of astronomical research, ranging from the smallest to the largest objects, from neutron stars to clusters of galaxies, this textbook is ideal for undergraduate students. Each chapter starts with the basic aspects of the topic, explores the history of discoveries, and examines in detail modern observations and their significance. This new edition has been updated with results from the most recent space-based instruments, including ROSAT, BeppoSAX, ASCA, Chandra, and XMM. New chapters cover X-ray emission processes, the interstellar medium, the Solar System, and gamma-ray bursts. The text is supported by over 300 figures, with tables listing the properties of the sources, and more specialized technical points separated in boxes.

Gamma Ray Bursts

Author: Gerald J. Fishman
Publisher: American Inst. of Physics
ISBN:
Size: 32.52 MB
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