Gamma Ray Bursts

Author: Chryssa Kouveliotou
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521662095
Size: 64.35 MB
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A comprehensive graduate-level review of GRB astrophysics and its history, featuring the latest research by an international team of experts.

Gravitational Radiation Luminous Black Holes And Gamma Ray Burst Supernovae

Author: Maurice H. P. M. van Putten
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139446464
Size: 41.12 MB
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Black holes and gravitational radiation are two of the most dramatic predictions of general relativity. The quest for rotating black holes - discovered by Roy P. Kerr as exact solutions to the Einstein equations - is one of the most exciting challenges facing physicists and astronomers. Gravitational Radiation, Luminous Black Holes and Gamma-Ray Burst Supernovae takes the reader through the theory of gravitational radiation and rotating black holes, and the phenomenology of GRB-supernovae. Topics covered include Kerr black holes and the frame-dragging of spacetime, luminous black holes, compact tori around black holes, and black-hole spin interactions. It concludes with a discussion of prospects for gravitational-wave detections of a long-duration burst in gravitational-waves as a method of choice for identifying Kerr black holes in the Universe. This book is ideal for a special topics graduate course on gravitational-wave astronomy and as an introduction to those interested in this contemporary development in physics.

High Energy Astrophysics

Author: James M Matthews
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814502324
Size: 76.85 MB
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This book is a collection of comprehensive reviews on astrophysics at the highest energies. It puts together, for the first time, discussions of astrophysics from MeV to EeV energies and beyond. Observations at these energies reveal nuclear and particle physics throughout our galaxy as well as in the most extreme environments in the entire cosmos. These reports range from the recent spectacular results from the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, including the latest information on enigmatic gamma ray bursts, to cosmic rays at the highest energies ever observed by man. Contents:Introduction (J Matthews)High Energy Gamma Ray Astronomy (C E Fichtel & D J Thompson)Gamma Ray Line Radiation (R Ramaty & R E Lingenfelter)Gamma Ray Bursters (D H Hartmann)Gamma Ray Astronomy above 0.1 TeV (D J Fegan)Cosmic Ray Observations at Extreme Energies (P Sokolsky)Astrophysical Neutrinos (T Stanev)AGN and Galactic Sites of Cosmic Ray Origin (P L Biermann) Readership: Astrophysicists and astronomers. keywords:Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays;Galactic Cosmic Rays;Neutrino Astrophysics;Gamma Ray Astrophysics;Supernova Explosions;Gamma Ray Bursts;Active Binary Stars;Neutron Stars;Black Holes;Active Galactic Nuclei;Gamma Ray Astronomy;Pulsars;Radioactivity;Positrons;Supernovae;Hypernovae;Novae “I strongly recommend this book for library purchase so that it can be available to research workers in the field … The book is eminently worth reading.” J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. “The book is thus accessible to graduate students with a physics background and would be a useful addition to the libraries of institutions with an interest in astronomy and to the bookshelves of workers close to the field. Its cost is not excessive by modern standards and represents good value given the very high quality of the astrophysical material it contains.” Australian & New Zeland Physicist

Tev Gamma Ray Astrophysics

Author: Heinrich J. Völk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400901712
Size: 30.17 MB
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The `International Heidelberg Workshop on TeV Gamma-Ray Astrophysics' brought together astrophysicists from the various fields which play a role in the formation of high energy gamma-ray emission. In particular, theoretical and observational aspects of the physics and astrophysics of pulsars and quasars, the acceleration of particles at Supernova Remnants and other strong astrophysical shock fronts, and cascade processes in universal background photon fields were comprehensively discussed in more than thirty reviews by leading experts. In their entirety these reviews describe the birth of a new field of astronomy. This field concerns cosmic gamma-rays of very high energy which are observed with ground-based optical telescopes due to the Cherenkov emission of the secondary particles created by the interaction of these gamma-rays with atoms in the Earth's atmosphere. Beyond that, the workshop encompassed the latest developments and trends in theory and observation of cosmic gamma-ray sources of all energies, from nuclear gamma-ray lines in the MeV-region, through the Bremsstrahlung, Inverse Compton, and pion decay continuum emission, to gamma-rays due the decay of exotic relics from the early Universe. Audience: Specialists as well as students in physics and astrophysics and young research workers.

High Energy Astrophysics

Author: Malcolm S. Longair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494546
Size: 15.21 MB
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Providing students with an in-depth account of the astrophysics of high energy phenomena in the Universe, the third edition of this well-established textbook is ideal for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses in high energy astrophysics. Building on the concepts and techniques taught in standard undergraduate courses, this textbook provides the astronomical and astrophysical background for students to explore more advanced topics. Special emphasis is given to the underlying physical principles of high energy astrophysics, helping students understand the essential physics. The third edition has been completely rewritten, consolidating the previous editions into one volume. It covers the most recent discoveries in areas such as gamma-ray bursts, ultra-high energy cosmic rays and ultra-high energy gamma rays. The topics have been rearranged and streamlined to make them more applicable to a wide range of different astrophysical problems.

Compact Stellar X Ray Sources

Author: Walter Lewin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139451774
Size: 28.79 MB
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X-ray astronomy is the prime available window on astrophysical compact objects: black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs. New observational opportunities have led to an explosion of knowledge in this field. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the astrophysics of compact objects that emit X-rays. Sixteen chapters written by the foremost experts in the field cover the observations and the astrophysical interpretation of these objects. Topics covered include binary systems, gamma ray burst sources, anomalous X-ray pulsars, super-soft sources, and enigmatic fast X-ray transients. Further chapters are dedicated to isolated neutron stars and the X-ray source populations of globular clusters. The properties of X-ray binaries are discussed in depth in chapters on quasi-periodic oscillations and related aperiodic X-ray variability, X-ray bursts, black holes, and relativistic jets. This is a valuable reference for both graduate students and active researchers.

Exploring The X Ray Universe

Author: Frederick D. Seward
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491539
Size: 25.24 MB
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Capturing the excitement and accomplishments of X-ray astronomy, this second edition now includes a broader range of astronomical phenomena and dramatic new results from the most powerful X-ray telescopes. Covering all areas of astronomical research, ranging from the smallest to the largest objects, from neutron stars to clusters of galaxies, this textbook is ideal for undergraduate students. Each chapter starts with the basic aspects of the topic, explores the history of discoveries, and examines in detail modern observations and their significance. This new edition has been updated with results from the most recent space-based instruments, including ROSAT, BeppoSAX, ASCA, Chandra, and XMM. New chapters cover X-ray emission processes, the interstellar medium, the Solar System, and gamma-ray bursts. The text is supported by over 300 figures, with tables listing the properties of the sources, and more specialized technical points separated in boxes.

Introduction To High Energy Astrophysics

Author: Stephan Rosswog
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521674423
Size: 67.41 MB
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High-energy astrophysics covers cosmic phenomena that occur under the most extreme physical conditions. It explores the most violent events in the Universe: the explosion of stars, matter falling into black holes, and gamma-ray bursts - the most luminous explosions since the Big Bang. Driven by a wealth of observations, there has been a large leap forward in our understanding of these phenomena. Exploring modern topics of high-energy astrophysics, such as supernovae, neutron stars, compact binary systems, gamma-ray bursts, and active galactic nuclei, this 2007 textbook is ideal for undergraduate students in high-energy astrophysics. It is a self-contained, relevant overview of this exciting field of research. Assuming a familiarity with basic physics, it introduces all other concepts, such as gas dynamics or radiation processes, in an instructive way. An extended appendix gives an overview of some of the most important high-energy astrophysics instruments, and each chapter ends with exercises.

Gravity S Fatal Attraction

Author: Mitchell Begelman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316139468
Size: 61.82 MB
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Richly illustrated with the images from observatories on the ground and in space, and computer simulations, this book shows how black holes were discovered, and discusses our current understanding of their role in cosmic evolution. This second edition covers new discoveries made in the past decade, including definitive proof of a black hole at the center of the Milky Way, evidence that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, and the new appreciation of the connection between black holes and galaxy formation. There are entirely new chapters on gamma-ray bursts and cosmic feedback. Begelman and Rees blend theoretical arguments with observational results to demonstrate how both approaches contributed to this subject. Clear illustrations and photographs reveal the strange and amazing workings of our universe. The engaging style makes this book suitable for introductory undergraduate courses, amateur astronomers, and all readers interested in astronomy and physics.