From Photons To Higgs

Author: Moo-Young Han
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814579971
Size: 79.97 MB
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This book presents a brief introduction to the quantum field theory of the Standard Model for quarks and leptons. With minimal use of mathematics, it covers the basics of quantum field theory, local gauge field theory, spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism, the Higgs mechanism and quantum chromodynamics. From the time when the first edition was published until today, the field of particle physics has seen some major break-through with the possible discovery of Higgs particle, also known as the Higgs boson. In the second edition, the famous Higgs mechanism is included to explain the symmetry breaking in the Standard Model and the origin of mass, and all of this is explained in high-school level algebra. Aimed at both scientists and non-specialists, it requires only some rudimentary knowledge of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Newtonian mechanics as well as a basic understanding of the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to enjoy this book. Contents:Particles and Fields I: DichotomyLagrangian and Hamiltonian DynamicsCanonical QuantizationParticles and Fields II: DualityEquations for DualityElectromagnetic FieldEmulation of Light I: Matter FieldsRoad Map for Field QuantizationParticles and Fields III: Particles as Quanta of FieldsEmulation of Light II: InteractionsTriumph and WaneLeptons and QuarksWhat is Gauge Field Theory?The Weak Gauge FieldsThe Higgs Mechanism and the Electroweak Gauge FieldsThe Higgs ParticleEvolution of the Strong ForceThe History of Color SU(3) SymmetryQuantum Chromodynamics, QCDAppendices:The Natural Unit SystemNotationVelocity-Dependent PotentialFourier Decomposition of FieldMass Units for ParticlesMass-Range Relation Readership: Students, researchers, academics and non-specialists interested in quantum field theory. Keywords:Quarks;Leptons;Gluons;Color Charges;Standard Model;Higgs Particle;Quantum Chromodynamics;Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

From Photons To Higgs

Author: M. Y. Han
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9789814579957
Size: 77.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5362
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This book presents a brief introduction to the quantum field theory of the Standard Model for quarks and leptons. With minimal use of mathematics, it covers the basics of quantum field theory, local gauge field theory, spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism, the Higgs mechanism and quantum chromodynamics. From the time when the first edition was published until today, the field of particle physics has seen some major break-through with the possible discovery of Higgs particle, also known as the Higgs boson. In the second edition, the famous Higgs mechanism is included to explain the symmetry breaking in the Standard Model and the origin of mass, and all of this is explained in high-school level algebra. Aimed at both scientists and non-specialists, it requires only some rudimentary knowledge of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Newtonian mechanics as well as a basic understanding of the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to enjoy this book.

The God Particle

Author: Leon M. Lederman
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780618711680
Size: 25.68 MB
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The world's foremost experimental physicist uses humor, metaphor, and storytelling to delve into the mysteries of matter, discussing the as-yet-to-be-discovered God particle.

Let There Be Light

Author: Ann Breslin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908979542
Size: 61.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is the first of its kind devoted to the key role played by light and electromagnetic radiation in the universe. Readers are introduced to philosophical hypotheses such as the economy, symmetry and the universality of natural laws, and are then guided to practical consequences such as the rules of geometrical optics and even Einstein's well-known but mysterious relationship, E = mc2. Most chapters feature a pen picture of the life and character of a relevant scientific figure. These ‘Historical Interludes’ include, among others, Galileo's conflicts with the Inquisition, Fourier's taunting of the guillotine, Neils Bohr and World War II, and the unique character of Richard Feynman. The second edition has been revised and made more accessible to the general reader. Whenever possible, the mathematical material of the first edition has been replaced by appropriate text to give a verbal account of the mystery of the phenomenon of light and how its understanding has developed from pre-historic to present times. The emphasis is on reading for interest and enjoyment; formulae or equations which underpin and reinforce the argument are presented in a form which does not interfere with the flow of the text. The book will be of interest to students and teachers, as well as general readers interested in physics. Contents:Introducing LightLight as a Ray: ReflectionLight as a Ray: RefractionLight from Afar — AstronomyLight from the Past — AstrophysicsIntroducing WavesSound WavesLight as a WaveMaking ImagesThere was Electricity, There was Magnetism, and Then There was Light …'Atoms of Light' — The Birth of Quantum TheoryThe Development of Quantum MechanicsAtoms of Light Acting as ParticlesAtoms of Light Behaving as WavesRelativity — Part 1: How It BeganRelativity — Part 2: Verifiable PredictionsThe Road to 'Heavy Light' Readership: Science students at undergraduate university level, lecturers of undergraduate and pre-university courses, graduates in physics and related sciences, and general readers. Keywords:Light;Waves;Quanta;Electromagnetism;Relativity;Photons;Elementary Particles;Interference;Diffraction;Astrophysics;Einstein;Maxwell;Feynman;Nobel PrizeKey Features:Fascinating and illuminating description of the concepts and phenomena of lightNumerous diagrams, photos, cartoonsWritten in a jargon-free, conversational styleReviews: “The book has a pleasant and light narrative flow, with excellent illustrations, photos, and occasional well-chosen ‘historical interludes’. Topics are, nevertheless, treated with a good degree of rigour … This may be the book that affords the struggling student a glimpse of the beauty that makes the serious study of physics so worthwhile.” (see full review) Professor Frank Imbusch National University of Ireland “Compared to the first edition, the mathematics demands have been reduced, and the last chapter has been expanded to include the potential detection of the Higgs boson in 2012. Historical interludes continue to be distinct from the main development, and the illustrations provide charming entertainment. The revisions make the main text, already instructive and well developed, more accessible and engaging to general audiences.”CHOICE

Xx International Symposium On Lepton And Photon Interactions At High Energies

Author: Juliet Lee-Franzini
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810248802
Size: 44.14 MB
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This important book covers topics that are of major interest to the high energy physics community, including the most recent results from flavour factories, dark matter and neutrino physics. In addition, it considers future high energy machines.

The Particle At The End Of The Universe

Author: Sean Carroll
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101609702
Size: 65.18 MB
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Winner of the prestigious 2013 Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books “A modern voyage of discovery.” —Frank Wilczek, Nobel Laureate, author of The Lightness of Being The Higgs boson is one of our era’s most fascinating scientific frontiers and the key to understanding why mass exists. The most recent book on the subject, The God Particle, was a bestseller. Now, Caltech physicist Sean Carroll documents the doorway that is opening—after billions of dollars and the efforts of thousands of researchers at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland—into the mind-boggling world of dark matter. The Particle at the End of the Universe has it all: money and politics, jealousy and self-sacrifice, history and cutting-edge physics—all grippingly told by a rising star of science writing.

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Physics

Author: Jed Z. Buchwald
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019969625X
Size: 72.71 MB
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Presents a history of physics, examining the theories and experimental practices of the science.

Introduction To Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Alessandro Bettini
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107050405
Size: 24.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Provides fully updated coverage of undergraduate particle physics, including the Higgs boson discovery, with an emphasis on physics over mathematics.

Higgs Force

Author: Nicholas Mee
Publisher: James Clarke & Co.
ISBN: 071889278X
Size: 54.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Higgs Force tells the story of how physicists have unlocked the secrets of matter and the forces of nature to produce dramatic modern understandings of the cosmos. For centuries researchers have followed this quest and now there is just one component of the modern synthesis of particle physics whose existence is yet to be confirmed in the laboratory – the Higgs particle. It explains how a universe built on simple symmetrical principles engenders life and exhibits the diversity and complexity that we see all around us.