From Photons To Higgs

Author: Moo-Young Han
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814579971
Size: 44.16 MB
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This book presents a brief introduction to the quantum field theory of the Standard Model for quarks and leptons. With minimal use of mathematics, it covers the basics of quantum field theory, local gauge field theory, spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism, the Higgs mechanism and quantum chromodynamics. From the time when the first edition was published until today, the field of particle physics has seen some major break-through with the possible discovery of Higgs particle, also known as the Higgs boson. In the second edition, the famous Higgs mechanism is included to explain the symmetry breaking in the Standard Model and the origin of mass, and all of this is explained in high-school level algebra. Aimed at both scientists and non-specialists, it requires only some rudimentary knowledge of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Newtonian mechanics as well as a basic understanding of the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to enjoy this book. Contents:Particles and Fields I: DichotomyLagrangian and Hamiltonian DynamicsCanonical QuantizationParticles and Fields II: DualityEquations for DualityElectromagnetic FieldEmulation of Light I: Matter FieldsRoad Map for Field QuantizationParticles and Fields III: Particles as Quanta of FieldsEmulation of Light II: InteractionsTriumph and WaneLeptons and QuarksWhat is Gauge Field Theory?The Weak Gauge FieldsThe Higgs Mechanism and the Electroweak Gauge FieldsThe Higgs ParticleEvolution of the Strong ForceThe History of Color SU(3) SymmetryQuantum Chromodynamics, QCDAppendices:The Natural Unit SystemNotationVelocity-Dependent PotentialFourier Decomposition of FieldMass Units for ParticlesMass-Range Relation Readership: Students, researchers, academics and non-specialists interested in quantum field theory. Keywords:Quarks;Leptons;Gluons;Color Charges;Standard Model;Higgs Particle;Quantum Chromodynamics;Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

From Photons To Higgs

Author: M. Y. Han
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9789814579957
Size: 74.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents a brief introduction to the quantum field theory of the Standard Model for quarks and leptons. With minimal use of mathematics, it covers the basics of quantum field theory, local gauge field theory, spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism, the Higgs mechanism and quantum chromodynamics. From the time when the first edition was published until today, the field of particle physics has seen some major break-through with the possible discovery of Higgs particle, also known as the Higgs boson. In the second edition, the famous Higgs mechanism is included to explain the symmetry breaking in the Standard Model and the origin of mass, and all of this is explained in high-school level algebra. Aimed at both scientists and non-specialists, it requires only some rudimentary knowledge of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Newtonian mechanics as well as a basic understanding of the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to enjoy this book.

Let There Be Light

Author: Ann Breslin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908979542
Size: 46.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the first of its kind devoted to the key role played by light and electromagnetic radiation in the universe. Readers are introduced to philosophical hypotheses such as the economy, symmetry and the universality of natural laws, and are then guided to practical consequences such as the rules of geometrical optics and even Einstein's well-known but mysterious relationship, E = mc2. Most chapters feature a pen picture of the life and character of a relevant scientific figure. These ‘Historical Interludes’ include, among others, Galileo's conflicts with the Inquisition, Fourier's taunting of the guillotine, Neils Bohr and World War II, and the unique character of Richard Feynman. The second edition has been revised and made more accessible to the general reader. Whenever possible, the mathematical material of the first edition has been replaced by appropriate text to give a verbal account of the mystery of the phenomenon of light and how its understanding has developed from pre-historic to present times. The emphasis is on reading for interest and enjoyment; formulae or equations which underpin and reinforce the argument are presented in a form which does not interfere with the flow of the text. The book will be of interest to students and teachers, as well as general readers interested in physics. Contents:Introducing LightLight as a Ray: ReflectionLight as a Ray: RefractionLight from Afar — AstronomyLight from the Past — AstrophysicsIntroducing WavesSound WavesLight as a WaveMaking ImagesThere was Electricity, There was Magnetism, and Then There was Light …'Atoms of Light' — The Birth of Quantum TheoryThe Development of Quantum MechanicsAtoms of Light Acting as ParticlesAtoms of Light Behaving as WavesRelativity — Part 1: How It BeganRelativity — Part 2: Verifiable PredictionsThe Road to 'Heavy Light' Readership: Science students at undergraduate university level, lecturers of undergraduate and pre-university courses, graduates in physics and related sciences, and general readers. Keywords:Light;Waves;Quanta;Electromagnetism;Relativity;Photons;Elementary Particles;Interference;Diffraction;Astrophysics;Einstein;Maxwell;Feynman;Nobel PrizeKey Features:Fascinating and illuminating description of the concepts and phenomena of lightNumerous diagrams, photos, cartoonsWritten in a jargon-free, conversational styleReviews: “The book has a pleasant and light narrative flow, with excellent illustrations, photos, and occasional well-chosen ‘historical interludes’. Topics are, nevertheless, treated with a good degree of rigour … This may be the book that affords the struggling student a glimpse of the beauty that makes the serious study of physics so worthwhile.” (see full review) Professor Frank Imbusch National University of Ireland “Compared to the first edition, the mathematics demands have been reduced, and the last chapter has been expanded to include the potential detection of the Higgs boson in 2012. Historical interludes continue to be distinct from the main development, and the illustrations provide charming entertainment. The revisions make the main text, already instructive and well developed, more accessible and engaging to general audiences.”CHOICE

The God Particle

Author: Leon M. Lederman
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780618711680
Size: 46.45 MB
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The world's foremost experimental physicist uses humor, metaphor, and storytelling to delve into the mysteries of matter, discussing the as-yet-to-be-discovered God particle.

The Particle At The End Of The Universe

Author: Sean M. Carroll
Publisher: Dutton Adult
ISBN: 0142180300
Size: 22.23 MB
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Examines the effort to discover the Higgs boson particle by tracing the development and use of the Large Hadron Collider and how its findings are dramatically shaping scientific understandings while enabling world-changing innovations.

The Greatest Story Ever Told So Far

Author: Lawrence M. Krauss
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476777632
Size: 52.55 MB
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From award-winning physicist, public intellectual, and the bestselling author of A Universe from Nothing Lawrence Krauss, comes “a masterful blend of history, modern physics, and cosmic perspective that empowers the reader to not only embrace our understanding of the universe, but also revel in what remains to be discovered” (Neil deGrasse Tyson, American Museum of Natural History). In this grand poetic vision of the universe, Lawrence Krauss tells the dramatic story of the discovery of the hidden world that underlies reality—and our place within it. Reality is not what you think or sense—it’s weird, wild, and counterintuitive, and its inner workings seem at least as implausible as the idea that something can come from nothing. With his trademark wit and accessible style, Krauss leads us to realms so small that they are invisible to microscopes, to the birth and rebirth of light, and into the natural forces that govern our existence. His unique blend of rigorous research and engaging storytelling invites us into the lives and minds of remarkable scientists who have helped unravel the unexpected fabric of reality with reasoning rather than superstition and dogma, and to explain how everything we see—and can’t see—came about. A passionate advocate for reason, Krauss gives the rationale for the seemingly irrational—and the mysteries and apparent contradictions of quantum physics, and explores what that means for our lives here on Earth—and beyond. At its core, The Greatest Story Ever Told—So Far is about the best of what it means to be human—an epic history of our ultimately purposeless universe that addresses the question, “Why are we here?”

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Physics

Author: Jed Z. Buchwald
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019969625X
Size: 31.88 MB
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Presents a history of physics, examining the theories and experimental practices of the science.

Introduction To Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Alessandro Bettini
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107050405
Size: 76.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Provides fully updated coverage of undergraduate particle physics, including the Higgs boson discovery, with an emphasis on physics over mathematics.

Microphysics Of Atmospheric Phenomena

Author: Boris M. Smirnov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319308130
Size: 16.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book investigates elementary processes in the Earth’s atmosphere involving photons, electrons, ions, radicals, and aerosols. It is based on global atmospheric models such as the standard atmospheric model with averaged atmospheric parameters across the globe and over time, the Earth’s energetic balance, and the global electric circuit that allows to analyze fundamental atmospheric properties to be analyzed. Rate constants of elementary processes in the Earth’s atmosphere, together with measured atmospheric parameters and existing concepts of atmospheric phenomena, are used in the analysis of global and local atmospheric processes. Atmospheric photoprocesses result from the interaction of solar radiation with the atmosphere and processes involving ions, oxygen atoms, excited atomic particles and ozone molecules. Atmospheric electricity as a secondary phenomenon to atmospheric water circulation results in a chain of processes that begins with collisions of water aerosols in different aggregate states. Cosmic rays are of importance for atmospheric electricity, as they create positive and negative ions in the air. Air breakdown in an electric field of clouds in the form of lightning may develop under the influence of cosmic ray-created seed electrons, which are necessary for electron multiplication in ionization wave-streamers. The upper atmosphere (ionosphere) is formed under solar radiation in a vacuum ultraviolet spectrum, and absorption of this radiation leads to air photoionization. The greenhouse effect is determined by atmospheric water, whereas transitions between a water vapor and aerosols may lead to a change in atmospheric optical depth. Carbon dioxide contributes in small portions to the atmospheric greenhouse effect. Cosmic rays are of importance for atmospheric discharge, the origin of lightning and cloud formation in the first stage of aerosol growth. This book provides a qualitative description of atmospheric properties and phenomena based on elementary processes and simple models.