Forebrain Atlas Of The Short Tailed Fruit Bat Carollia Perspicillata

Author: Frank Scalia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461471567
Size: 11.45 MB
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The Forebrain Atlas of the Short-tailed Fruit Bat, Carollia perpicillata, is unique among brain atlases. Not only is this the first quality atlas treatment of a bat species, but the atlas is also unique in its use of NeuN staining. Carollia perpicillata, a tropical species, is the only bat that has essentially been domesticated and can be maintained and propagated in a research environment utilizing simple, inexpensive husbandry procedures. The NeuN preparations used in this atlas selectively stain neurons in a sharp black coloration that fills not only the cell body but extends a short distance along the proximal dendrites. Thus, as distinct from the traditional nissl stains, which generate a shade of blue largely restricted to the cell body, the NeuN generates a quasi Golgi-like image of the neurons. This provides a more intimate view of the neurons than can be obtained from nissl staining. In addition, the background is essentially white, facilitating high-contrast photography and allowing for gray-tone illustration without any loss of information. The NeuN procedure does not stain axons, and since it does not stain glial cells or their nuclei, the noise ordinarily generated in nissl stains by the presence of glial cells among the neurons and in the white matter is entirely eliminated. The Forebrain Atlas of the Short-tailed Fruit Bat also includes nissl stained sections for two reasons: One, since some readers may be unfamiliar with the NeuN images, it is useful to include familiar images for comparison. More importantly, it is known that NeuN is not expressed in certain neurons, such as Purkinje cells, olfactory bulb mitral cells, and the cells of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. The nissl stained sections are thus included to provide complementary views of such structures. ​ The atlas will be useful for students and investigators doing neuroscience research on bat and other mammalian species, as well as students of comparative biology, zoology, brain evolution, and the history of neuroanatomical analysis.

Comparative Neurobiology In Chiroptera

Author: G. Baron
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 9783764353940
Size: 55.87 MB
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These are three volumes to study systematically and comprehensively the brain structure in bats. Volume 1 contains comparisions of the macromorphology, main brain components and selected nuclei. The text is complemented by 53 tables, numerous original line drawings and photographs and one atlas of a megachiropteran and one of a microchiropteran brain. Volume 2 deals with the characteristics of brain structure in the taxonomic units and contains a comprehensive survey of the existing literature which has been organized on a taxonomic basis. Interpreting brain data with respect to taxonomic and ecoethological relationships, volume 3 provides deeper insight into the significance of the diversity of brain structure. It contains the most comprehensive and up-to-date references on chiropteran brain structure and biology presently available. This work provides immediate access to a large fund of well-organized information.

Pharmaceutical Suspensions

Author: Alok K. Kulshreshtha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441910875
Size: 34.95 MB
Format: PDF
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The suspension dosage form has long been used for poorly soluble active ingre- ents for various therapeutic indications. Development of stable suspensions over the shelf life of the drug product continues to be a challenge on many fronts. A good understanding of the fundamentals of disperse systems is essential in the development of a suitable pharmaceutical suspension. The development of a s- pension dosage form follows a very complicated path. The selection of the proper excipients (surfactants, viscosity imparting agents etc.) is important. The particle size distribution in the finished drug product dosage form is a critical parameter that significantly impacts the bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of the product. Appropriate analytical methodologies and instruments (chromatographs, visco- ters, particle size analyzers, etc.) must be utilized to properly characterize the s- pension formulation. The development process continues with a successful scale-up of the manufacturing process. Regulatory agencies around the world require cli- cal trials to establish the safety and efficacy of the drug product. All of this devel- ment work should culminate into a regulatory filing in accordance with the regulatory guidelines. Pharmaceutical Suspensions, From Formulation Development to Manufacturing, in its organization, follows the development approach used widely in the pharmaceutical industry. The primary focus of this book is on the classical disperse system – poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients s- pended in a suitable vehicle.

The Biology Of Bats

Author: Gerhard Neuweiler
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195099508
Size: 71.68 MB
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Well adapted to numerous habitats, bats comprise almost one quarter of all species of mammals. This book is a comprehensive introduction to their biology. Suitable as a textbook for undergraduates and written by one of the world's leading researchers, the book offers an accessible summary of the extensive body of research on bats. The book takes a broad physiological perspective and devotes separate chapters to specific physiological systems as well as to bat ecology and phylogeny. It features a thorough discussion of echolocation, which continues to be the subject of intense research, and describes many European and neotropical bats, as well as North American species. Biology of Bats is an important resource both for students and researchers.

Bats

Author: John D. Altringham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198503229
Size: 12.18 MB
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Bats are arguably the most diverse of all animals, comprising as much as one quarter of mammals. This book covers all the bats and their natural history, with a unique emphasis on how their lives exemplify processes and principles of broad biological relevance. Topics range from their most distinctive features (echolocation, flight) and individual and group behavior, to their modes of reproduction and interaction with other organisms and the environment. No other book covers all this ground with a blend of up-to-date scientific information and fine line illustrations. Professional and amateur naturalists will find this an indispensable reference.

Busy Bugs

Author: Jayne Harvey
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101641258
Size: 17.67 MB
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The silly bugs are having a party. There is so much to do! The ants spend many busy hours making patterns with the flowers. They place the flowers two by two. First red, then blue. Then red, then blue. The simple rhyming text and the quirky and cute bug characters make learning about patterns easy and fun!

Aprilia Scooters Service And Repair Manual

Author: Phil Mather
Publisher: Haynes Manuals
ISBN: 9781844257553
Size: 68.97 MB
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SR50 49cc 93 - 09 Rally 49cc 95 - 04 Sonic 49cc 98 - 07 Habana Retro 49cc 99 - 02 Habana Custom 49cc 99 - 02 Mojito Retro 49cc 03 - 07 Mojito Custom 49cc 03 - 09 Covers air-cooled and liquid-cooled engines, carburettor and fuel injection (Ditech and Purejet).

The Short Tailed Fruit Bat

Author: Theodore H. Fleming
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226253282
Size: 49.12 MB
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As dusk settles over the Costa Rican forest, the short-tailed fruit bat, Carollia perspicillata, stirs from its cave roost. Flying out to search for ripe fruit, Carollia returns to a night roost in the forest vegetation to eat. After a few such flights Carollia rests, and the fruits pass through its short digestive tract. The seeds are excreted onto the ground, to be eaten in turn by mice and insects, but a few are pushed into crevices where they await the necessary conditions for germination. In The Short-tailed Fruit Bat, Theodore Fleming examines Carollia's role in the ecology of tropical forests. Based on more than ten years' research, this study provides the most detailed ecological and evolutionary account to date of the life history of a Neotropical mammal and includes striking photographs of the bats in flight.

Theory Of Orange

Author: Rachel M. Simon
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.97 MB
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Poetry. Gay and Lesbian Studies. Rachel M. Simon's THEORY OF ORANGE the Winner of the Transcontinental Poetry Prize for 2005-06 is the first collection from this New York based lesbian author. "Sometimes in floods, sometimes in careful ministrations, THEORY OF ORAGNE salvages for us consolations where it can; in the humor of mock-authority and in the humility of grief and hope. In a language that ranges from the securities of instruction and structural regularity to plaint and improvisation, where the nightmarish vies with slapstick, Rachel Simon's poetry springs from a truly charitable spirit of revelation"-Dean Young.

The Chronicle Of A Pilgrimage Paris To Milan On Foot

Author: Harold Monro
Publisher: Gardner Press
ISBN: 1409713369
Size: 50.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.