Fish Respiration

Author: Steve Frederick Perry
Size: 78.38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6696
Fish Respiration synthesizes classical literature and highlights recent developments pertaining to the respiratory physiology of fishes. Compiled by a team of international researchers, this comprehensive and authoritative review of the respiratory physiology of fishes will appeal to any comparative physiologist interested in this subject. Key Features * First volume in the series dedicated solely to the respiratory system * Contributors are world leaders in their respective areas * Includes completely up-to-date material on the topic of fish physiology

Respiratory Physiology Of Vertebrates

Author: Göran E. Nilsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139485350
Size: 74.25 MB
Format: PDF
View: 497
How do vertebrates get the oxygen they need, or even manage without it for shorter or longer periods of time? How do they sense oxygen, how do they take it up from water or air, and how do they transport it to their tissues? Respiratory system adaptations allow numerous vertebrates to thrive in extreme environments where oxygen availability is limited or where there is no oxygen at all. Written for students and researchers in comparative physiology, this authoritative summary of vertebrate respiratory physiology begins by exploring the fundamentals of oxygen sensing, uptake and transport in a textbook style. Subsequently, the reader is shown important examples of extreme respiratory performance, like diving and high altitude survival in mammals and birds, air breathing in fish, and those few vertebrates that can survive without any oxygen at all for several months, showing how evolution has solved the problem of life without oxygen.

Cardio Respiratory Control In Vertebrates

Author: Mogens L. Glass
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540939856
Size: 33.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 5125
Hopefully, this book will be taken off of the shelf frequently to be studied carefully over many years. More than 40 researchers were involved in this project, which examines respiration, circulation, and metabolism from ?sh to the land vertebrates, including human beings. A breathable and stable atmosphere ?rst appeared about 500 million years ago. Oxygen levels are not stable in aquatic environments and exclusively water-breathing ?sh must still cope with the ever-changing levels of O 2 and with large temperature changes. This is re?ected in their sophisticated count- current systems, with high O extraction and internal and external O receptors. 2 2 The conquest for the terrestrial environment took place in the late Devonian period (355–359 million years ago), and recent discoveries portray the gradual transitional evolution of land vertebrates. The oxygen-rich and relatively stable atmospheric conditionsimpliedthatoxygen-sensingmechanismswererelativelysimpleandl- gain compared with acid–base regulation. Recently, physiology has expanded into related ?elds such as biochemistry, molecular biology, morphology and anatomy. In the light of the work in these ?elds, the introduction of DNA-based cladograms, which can be used to evaluate the likelihood of land vertebrates and lung?sh as a sister group, could explain why their cardio-respiratory control systems are similar. The diffusing capacity of a duck lung is 40 times higher than that of a toad or lung?sh. Certainly, some animals have evolved to rich high-performance levels.

Fish Physiology Primitive Fishes

Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080549527
Size: 62.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 563
Primitive fishes are a relatively untapped resource in the scientific search for insights into the evolution of physiological systems in fishes and higher vertebrates. Volume 26 in the Fish Physiology series presents what is known about the physiology of these fish in comparison with the two fish groups that dominate today, the modern elasmobranchs and the teleosts. Chapters include reviews on what is known about cardiovascular, nervous and ventilatory systems, gas exchange, ion and nitrogenous waste regulation, muscles and locomotion, endocrine systems, and reproduction. Editors provide a thorough understanding of how these systems have evolved through piscine and vertebrate evolutionary history. Primitive Fishes includes ground-breaking information in the field, including highlighs of the most unusual characteristics amongst the various species, which might have allowed these fishes to persist virtually unchanged through evolutionary time. This volume is essential for all comparative physiologists, fish biologists, and paleontologists. Provides an analysis of the evolutionary significance of physiological adaptations in "ancient fishes" Offers insights on the evolution of higher vertebrates The only single source that presents an in-depth discussion of topics related to the physiology of ancient fishes

Fish Physiology

Author: William Stewart Hoar
ISBN: 9780123504470
Size: 14.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2849

Fish Respiration And Environment

Author: Marisa N Fernandes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143984254X
Size: 80.13 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7107
Gills of healthy fishes are their lifeline to meet the challenges arising from their changing environment: oxygen gradient, alkalinity, temperature fluctuations and the added pollutants. The diverse and ever changing aquatic environment has a major impact on the organization of various organ-systems of fishes. This book contains seventeen chapters covering bony fishes which are focal to the current study. The chapters primarily cover fish respiration but also include osmoregulation, these being the two main functions of gills. Concurrently, cardiorespiratory synchronization has been well addressed. It is hoped that this book with its broad coverage and well-supported with illustrations will not only infuse interest in readers but merit a permanent place on the shelves of ichthyological literature.

Air Breathing Fishes

Author: Jeffrey B. Graham
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080525495
Size: 15.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4186
Air Breathing Fishes: Evolution, Diversity, and Adaptation is unique in its coverage of the evolution of air-breathing, incongruously because it focuses exclusively on fish. This important and fascinating book, containing nine chapters that present the life history, ecology, and physiology of many air-breathing fishes, provides an exceptional overview of air-breathing biology. Each chapter provides a historical background, details the present status of knowledge in the field, and defines the questions needing attention in future research. Thoroughly referenced, containing more than 1,000 citations, and well documented with figures and tables, Air-Breathing Fishes is comprehensive in its coverage and will certainly have wide appeal. Researchers in vertebrate biology, paleontology, ichthyology, vertebrate evolution, natural history, comparative physiology, anatomy and many other fields will find something new and intriguing in Air-Breathing Fishes. Offers a complete overview of an important and immensely interesting area of research Provides a perspective of air-breathing fish that spans 300 million years of vertebrate evolution Contains numerous illustrations as well as comprehensive charts Provides a synoptic treatment of all the known air-breathing species with important data on their morphological and physiological adaptations

Evolutionary Biology Of Primitive Fishes

Author: R. E. Foreman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461594537
Size: 55.39 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3135
What, precisely, is a primitive fish? Most biologists would agree that the living cyclostomes, selachians, crossopterygians, etc. cannot be considered truly primitive. However, they and the fossil record have served to provide the information which forms the basis for speculation concerning the nature of the original vertebrates. This symposium of biologists from a variety of disciplines was called together to create collectively, from the best available current evidence, a picture of the probable line of evolution of the prototype primitive fishes. The symposium was designed to follow one that took place in Stockholm in 1967, convened for a similar purpose, with about the same number of participants. It is a matter of interest that almost the entire 1967 symposium (Nobel Symposium 4) dealt only with the hard tissues, whether fossil or modern. In charting the course of the present symposium it was felt that the intervening years have produced numerous lines of new evidence that could be employed in the same way that a navigator determines his position. Each field, be it adult morphology, geology, ecology, biochemistry, development or physiology, generates evidence that can be extrapolated backward from existing vertebrate forms and forward from invertebrate forms. If the intersect of only two lines of evidence produces a navigational "fix" of rather low reliability, then an intersect, however unfocussed, of multiple guidelines from more numerous disciplines might provide a better position from which to judge early vertebrate history.