Fertility Of Immigrants

Author: Nadja Milewski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642037054
Size: 54.95 MB
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This volume, “Fertility of Immigrants: A Two-Generational Approach in Germany” by Dr. Nadja Milewski, is the sixth book of a series of Demographic Research Monographs published by Springer Verlag. Dr. Milewski is now working for the University of Rostock, but at the time she wrote the book, she was a research scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. The book is a slightly-revised version of her doctoral dissertation (“Fertility of Immigrants and Their Descendants in West Germany: An Event History Approach”), which she completed at the Max Planck Institute and submitted to the University of Rostock. She was awarded highest honors, summa cum laude, for her dissertation. As Professor Jan Hoem wrote in his review of Dr. Milewski’s dissertation, the research focuses on the patterns and levels of childbearing among immigrant women. Given Germany’s varied immigration experience with refugees, asylum seekers, guest workers, and foreign-born persons of German ancestry, Dr. Milewski’s topic is of particular interest, especially with regard to differences in the patterns and levels of childbearing among various kinds of immigrants to Germany vs. native-born Germans. Numerous empirical and theoretical studies of childbearing among immigrants to various countries have been published and Dr. Milewski carefully reviews them. While earlier studies have tended to be rather fragmentary, particularly for European populations, Dr. Milewski’s research provides a comp- hensive picture of the recent female fertility of post-war migrants and their desc- dants in West Germany, with an emphasis on migrants who came to Germany to work.

Germany S New Security Demographics

Author: Wenke Apt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400769644
Size: 21.67 MB
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Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth. An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change. Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.

Model Based Demography

Author: Thomas K. Burch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319654330
Size: 70.61 MB
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Late in a career of more than sixty years, Thomas Burch, an internationally known social demographer, undertook a wide-ranging methodological critique of demography. This open access volume contains a selection of resulting papers, some previously unpublished, some published but not readily accessible [from past meetings of The International Union for the Scientific Study of Population and its research committees, or from other small conferences and seminars]. Rejecting the idea that demography is simply a branch of applied statistics, his work views it as an autonomous and complete scientific discipline. When viewed from the perspective of modern philosophy of science, specifically the semantic or model-based school, demography is a balanced discipline, with a rich body of techniques and data, but also with more and better theories than generally recognized. As demonstrated in this book, some demographic techniques can also be seen as theoretical models, and some substantive/behavioral models, commonly rejected as theory because of inconsistent observations, are now seen as valuable theoretical models, for example demographic transition theory. This book shows how demography can build a strong theoretical edifice on its broad and deep empirical foundation by adoption of the model-based approach to science. But the full-fruits of this approach will require demographers to make greater use of computer modeling [both macro- and micro-simulation], in the statement and manipulation of theoretical ideas, as well as for numerical computation. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Author: гл. ред. серии В. А. Ионцев
Publisher: "Издательство ""Проспект"""
ISBN: 5392172822
Size: 46.77 MB
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28-й выпуск серии «Международная миграция населения: Россия и современный мир» посвящен одному из важнейших вопросов демографического развития, а именно роли международной миграции в этом развитии. В этом выпуске представлены статьи, которые с разных сторон рассматривают эту роль: речь идет и о теории демографического перехода, и о влиянии миграции на воспроизводство населения, и о роли смешанных семей (где один из супругов — мигрант), о влиянии трудовой миграции на демографическое развитие и др. Публикуемые в сборнике материалы не отображают точку зрения редколлегии, Авторы несут ответственность за их достоверность. Материалы серии имеют как научный, так и учебный характер и соответственно могут быть использованы в учебном процессе. С электронной версией настоящего и предыдущих выпусков серии можно ознакомиться на сайте кафедры народонаселения экономического факультета МГУ (www.demostudy.ru),

Integration Processes And Policies In Europe

Author: Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319216740
Size: 44.38 MB
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In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts. The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research? A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process. This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.

Wenn Das Leben Religi S Macht

Author: Daniel Lois
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658026367
Size: 80.77 MB
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Bereits die Alltagsbeobachtung zeigt, dass die Kirchen überwiegend von älteren Menschen besucht werden. Dies ist einerseits durch einen Kohorteneffekt erklärbar: Ältere Menschen wurden häufig noch in verstärktem Maße religiös erzogen und diese in der Sozialisation erworbenen Prägungen bleiben möglicherweise ein Leben lang erhalten. Andererseits ist denkbar, dass Menschen im Laufe ihres Lebens zunehmend dazu tendieren, einer Glaubensgemeinschaft anzugehören und den Gottesdienst zu besuchen. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht mit Hilfe von Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP), ob ein derartiger Alterseffekt auf die kirchliche Religiosität vorliegt. Darüber hinaus wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie sich die Religiosität in Bezug auf verschiedene Lebensphasen und Ereignisse – zum Beispiel durch den Erwerbseinstieg, die Geburt eines Kindes oder einen Umzug von den neuen in die alten Bundesländer – verändert.

Neue Wege Gleiche Chancen

Author: Ute Klammer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531940570
Size: 11.70 MB
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Im Januar 2011 hat die vom Bundesfamilienministerium eingesetzte Sachverständigenkommission das Gutachten für den Ersten Gleichstellungsbericht der Bundesregierung vorgelegt. Das Gutachten verknüpft empirische Analysen mit konkreten Empfehlungen zur Gestaltung einer konsistenten, am Lebensverlauf orientierten Gleichstellungspolitik. Der vorliegende Sammelband macht eine Reihe der Expertisen öffentlich zugänglich, die von der Kommission im Zuge der Arbeit am Gleichstellungsbericht in Auftrag gegeben wurden. Die Expertisen zeigen bestehende Gleichstellungsdefizite in unterschiedlichen Feldern und Lebensphasen von Frauen und Männern auf.

Parenting Matters

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309388570
Size: 17.32 MB
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Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children’s well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child’s brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents’ lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents’ use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.

Migration In A Globalised World

Author: Cédric Audebert
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089641572
Size: 60.76 MB
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This broad thematic study offers a major new research perspective on international migration in the context of globalisation.

V Terforschung Und V Terarbeit In Der Migrationsgesellschaft

Author: Michael Tunç
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658211903
Size: 17.26 MB
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Michael Tunç untersucht, inwiefern sich Prozesse des Zusammenwirkens der Differenzlinien Geschlecht, Ethnizität und Klasse bei ethnisch minorisierten Vätern/Vätern of Color (PoC) rekonstruieren lassen. Der Autor präsentiert aktuelle Begriffe, Ansätze und Ergebnisse der Männlichkeits- und Väterlichkeitsforschung. Für emanzipative Entwicklungen arbeitet er den Begriff der progressiven Männlichkeit aus, mit dem sich Spannungen zwischen hegemonialen und progressiven Deutungsmustern von Männlichkeit/Väterlichkeit migrantischer Männer/PoC angemessen analysieren lassen. Er stellt intersektionale rassismuskritisch-migrationsgesellschaftliche Ansätze vor und überträgt sie auf diversitätsbewusste Väterarbeit.