Fault Tolerant Parallel And Distributed Systems

Author: Dimiter R. Avresky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461554497
Size: 62.74 MB
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The most important use of computing in the future will be in the context of the global "digital convergence" where everything becomes digital and every thing is inter-networked. The application will be dominated by storage, search, retrieval, analysis, exchange and updating of information in a wide variety of forms. Heavy demands will be placed on systems by many simultaneous re quests. And, fundamentally, all this shall be delivered at much higher levels of dependability, integrity and security. Increasingly, large parallel computing systems and networks are providing unique challenges to industry and academia in dependable computing, espe cially because of the higher failure rates intrinsic to these systems. The chal lenge in the last part of this decade is to build a systems that is both inexpensive and highly available. A machine cluster built of commodity hardware parts, with each node run ning an OS instance and a set of applications extended to be fault resilient can satisfy the new stringent high-availability requirements. The focus of this book is to present recent techniques and methods for im plementing fault-tolerant parallel and distributed computing systems. Section I, Fault-Tolerant Protocols, considers basic techniques for achieving fault-tolerance in communication protocols for distributed systems, including synchronous and asynchronous group communication, static total causal order ing protocols, and fail-aware datagram service that supports communications by time.

1998 International Conference On Parallel And Distributed Systems

Author: Chyi-Nan Chen
Publisher: IEEE Computer Society
ISBN: 9780818686030
Size: 73.35 MB
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Proceedings of the December 1998 conference. One hundred contributions cover architecture, mobile computing, Internet technology, database systems and applications, multimedia, interconnection network, high-speed networking, parallel/distributed computing and system supports, fault tolerance/real time, and compilation for parallelism. Contains an author list but no subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Parallel And Distributed Processing

Author: Jose Rolim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354067442X
Size: 37.16 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings from the workshops held in conjunction with the IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2000, on 1-5 May 2000 in Cancun, Mexico. The workshopsprovidea forum for bringing together researchers,practiti- ers, and designers from various backgrounds to discuss the state of the art in parallelism.Theyfocusondi erentaspectsofparallelism,fromruntimesystems to formal methods, from optics to irregular problems, from biology to networks of personal computers, from embedded systems to programming environments; the following workshops are represented in this volume: { Workshop on Personal Computer Based Networks of Workstations { Workshop on Advances in Parallel and Distributed Computational Models { Workshop on Par. and Dist. Comp. in Image, Video, and Multimedia { Workshop on High-Level Parallel Prog. Models and Supportive Env. { Workshop on High Performance Data Mining { Workshop on Solving Irregularly Structured Problems in Parallel { Workshop on Java for Parallel and Distributed Computing { WorkshoponBiologicallyInspiredSolutionsto ParallelProcessingProblems { Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Real-Time Systems { Workshop on Embedded HPC Systems and Applications { Recon gurable Architectures Workshop { Workshop on Formal Methods for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Optics and Computer Science { Workshop on Run-Time Systems for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems All papers published in the workshops proceedings were selected by the p- gram committee on the basis of referee reports. Each paper was reviewed by independent referees who judged the papers for originality, quality, and cons- tency with the themes of the workshops.

Fault Tolerant Parallel Computation

Author: Paris Christos Kanellakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475752105
Size: 55.76 MB
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Fault-Tolerant Parallel Computation presents recent advances in algorithmic ways of introducing fault-tolerance in multiprocessors under the constraint of preserving efficiency. The difficulty associated with combining fault-tolerance and efficiency is that the two have conflicting means: fault-tolerance is achieved by introducing redundancy, while efficiency is achieved by removing redundancy. This monograph demonstrates how in certain models of parallel computation it is possible to combine efficiency and fault-tolerance and shows how it is possible to develop efficient algorithms without concern for fault-tolerance, and then correctly and efficiently execute these algorithms on parallel machines whose processors are subject to arbitrary dynamic fail-stop errors. The efficient algorithmic approaches to multiprocessor fault-tolerance presented in this monograph make a contribution towards bridging the gap between the abstract models of parallel computation and realizable parallel architectures. Fault-Tolerant Parallel Computation presents the state of the art in algorithmic approaches to fault-tolerance in efficient parallel algorithms. The monograph synthesizes work that was presented in recent symposia and published in refereed journals by the authors and other leading researchers. This is the first text that takes the reader on the grand tour of this new field summarizing major results and identifying hard open problems. This monograph will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers and graduate students working in the areas of fault-tolerance, algorithms and parallel computation and may also be used as a text in a graduate course on parallel algorithmic techniques and fault-tolerance.

Parallel Computing On Distributed Memory Multiprocessors

Author: Füsun Özgüner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540562955
Size: 63.71 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Parallel Computing on Distributed Memory Multiprocessors, held at Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey, July 1-13, 1991

Distributed And Parallel Systems

Author: Péter Kacsuk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461511674
Size: 72.54 MB
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Distributed and Parallel Systems: Cluster and Grid Computing is the proceedings of the fourth Austrian-Hungarian Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Systems organized jointly by Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria and the MTA SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute. The papers in this volume cover a broad range of research topics presented in four groups. The first one introduces cluster tools and techniques, especially the issues of load balancing and migration. Another six papers deal with grid and global computing including grid infrastructure, tools, applications and mobile computing. The next nine papers present general questions of distributed development and applications. The last four papers address a crucial issue in distributed computing: fault tolerance and dependable systems. This volume will be useful to researchers and scholars interested in all areas related to parallel and distributed computing systems.

Distributed System Design

Author: Jie Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351454668
Size: 31.63 MB
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Future requirements for computing speed, system reliability, and cost-effectiveness entail the development of alternative computers to replace the traditional von Neumann organization. As computing networks come into being, one of the latest dreams is now possible - distributed computing. Distributed computing brings transparent access to as much computer power and data as the user needs for accomplishing any given task - simultaneously achieving high performance and reliability. The subject of distributed computing is diverse, and many researchers are investigating various issues concerning the structure of hardware and the design of distributed software. Distributed System Design defines a distributed system as one that looks to its users like an ordinary system, but runs on a set of autonomous processing elements (PEs) where each PE has a separate physical memory space and the message transmission delay is not negligible. With close cooperation among these PEs, the system supports an arbitrary number of processes and dynamic extensions. Distributed System Design outlines the main motivations for building a distributed system, including: inherently distributed applications performance/cost resource sharing flexibility and extendibility availability and fault tolerance scalability Presenting basic concepts, problems, and possible solutions, this reference serves graduate students in distributed system design as well as computer professionals analyzing and designing distributed/open/parallel systems. Chapters discuss: the scope of distributed computing systems general distributed programming languages and a CSP-like distributed control description language (DCDL) expressing parallelism, interprocess communication and synchronization, and fault-tolerant design two approaches describing a distributed system: the time-space view and the interleaving view mutual exclusion and related issues, including election, bidding, and self-stabilization prevention and detection of deadlock reliability, safety, and security as well as various methods of handling node, communication, Byzantine, and software faults efficient interprocessor communication mechanisms as well as these mechanisms without specific constraints, such as adaptiveness, deadlock-freedom, and fault-tolerance virtual channels and virtual networks load distribution problems synchronization of access to shared data while supporting a high degree of concurrency