Fatigue Failure Of Textile Fibres

Author: M Miraftab
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845695720
Size: 28.85 MB
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Fibres are used both for traditional textile applications as well as in advanced technical structures. Understanding the fatigue processes in these fibres can suggest ways of eliminating or reducing the probability of unforeseen failures. This book addresses key aspects of fatigue failure in textile fibres. Part one explains the different types of fatigue failure in textiles such as tensile, torsional and flex fatigue. It describes the mechanisms of each type of fatigue and illustrates the kinds of fatigue failure that can occur. Part two moves on to explain the factors that can affect fatigue life and fatigue behaviour. It underlines the relationship that fatigue has with the environment and looks at testing and modelling fatigue in such areas as polymer matrices. Chapters relate actual fibre fatigue failures to those of laboratory tests and the way they influence mathematical modelling to predict potential failure. With an international range of contributors Fatigue failure of textile fibres is key reading for textile engineers, academics, textile technologists, fibre scientists and all those concerned with the topic of fatigue failure in textiles and textile-based assemblies. Addresses key aspects of fatigue failure in textile fibres including tensile, flex and torsional fatigue Examines factors that can effect fatigue life and fatigue behaviour including textile processing and environmental factors

Atlas Of Fibre Fracture And Damage To Textiles

Author: J. W. S. Hearle
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1855733196
Size: 48.10 MB
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Based on over 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, this book contains more than 1,500 scanning electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information. The explanatory text presents fiber and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.

Handbook Of Tensile Properties Of Textile And Technical Fibres

Author: A. R. Bunsell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845696808
Size: 79.97 MB
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Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Fatigue Of Textile Composites

Author: Valter Carvelli
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782422935
Size: 40.70 MB
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Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications

Damage And Failure Of Composite Materials

Author: Ramesh Talreja
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521819423
Size: 68.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Understanding damage and failure of composite materials is critical for reliable and cost-effective engineering design. Bringing together materials mechanics and modeling, this book provides a complete guide to damage, fatigue and failure of composite materials. Early chapters focus on the underlying principles governing composite damage, reviewing basic equations and mechanics theory, before describing mechanisms of damage such as cracking, breakage and buckling. In subsequent chapters, the physical mechanisms underlying the formation and progression of damage under mechanical loads are described with ample experimental data, and micro- and macro-level damage models are combined. Finally, fatigue of composite materials is discussed using fatigue-life diagrams. While there is a special emphasis on polymer matrix composites, metal and ceramic matrix composites are also described. Outlining methods for more reliable design of composite structures, this is a valuable resource for engineers and materials scientists in industry and academia.

Durability And Life Prediction In Biocomposites Fibre Reinforced Composites And Hybrid Composites

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081022980
Size: 46.49 MB
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Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites focuses on the advanced characterization techniques used for the analysis of composite materials developed from natural fiber/biomass, synthetic fibers and a combination of these materials used as fillers and reinforcements to enhance materials performance and utilization in automotive, aerospace, construction and building components. The book presents key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic, fiber reinforced, polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Specialist Yarn And Fabric Structures

Author: R H Gong
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093932
Size: 47.87 MB
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Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures are key elements in the manufacturing process of many different types of textiles with a variety of applications. This book explores a number of different specialist structures, discussing the developments in technology and manufacturing processes that have taken place in recent years. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures is essential reading for all textile researchers, technicians, engineers and technologies, and will also be suitable for academic purposes. Looks at developments that have occurred in the manufacturing of specialist yarn, weave and fabric structures Discusses different types of specialist yarn structures, such as hybrid, fancy and compound yarns Offers insight into multicomponent fabric structures such as 3D nonwovens, flocked, knotted and jacquard woven fabrics

Handbook Of Medical Textiles

Author: V Bartels
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709369X
Size: 61.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With a rising population and the increasing range of textiles for medical products, the need to understand and improve medical textiles is gaining in importance. The Handbook of medical textiles provides an overview of the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised topics and applications. In part one, the types and properties of medical textiles are discussed, with chapters covering topics including reusable textiles, textiles for implants and textiles with cosmetic effects. Part two focuses on the interaction of textiles with the skin, examining key issues such as contact sensations, allergies and mechanical irritation. Chapters in part three provide information on the latest developments in textiles for hygiene and infection control, while part four provides a range of applications and case studies, including improvements in medical occupational clothing, medical filters and superabsorbent fibres. With its expert editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of medical textiles is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals. Explores the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised areas and applications Chapters cover topics such as reusable textiles, textiles for implants and interaction of textiles with the skin Is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals

Handbook Of Natural Fibres

Author: Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709551X
Size: 58.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensable tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 2: Processing and applications focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres. Part one reviews processing techniques for natural fibres. Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture are discussed, as well as techniques to improve the flame retardancy of natural fibres and chemical treatments to improve natural fibre properties. Ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and electrokinetic properties are also discussed. Part two goes on to investigate applications of natural fibres, including automotive applications, geotextiles, paper and packaging, and natural fibre composites (NFCs) for the construction and automotive industries. The use of flax and hemp, textiles made from jute and coir, antimicrobial natural fibres, and biomimetic textile materials are also considered, before a final discussion of enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres Reviews processing techniques for natural fibres, including silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture Discusses ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and alectrokinetic properties, among other topics

Applications Of Nonwovens In Technical Textiles

Author: R Chapman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845699742
Size: 11.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nonwovens have been one of the fastest growing and most exciting sectors of the textiles market. Such fabrics have a broad spectrum of end uses, ranging from medical products to interior textiles. This book focuses on the variety of technical nonwoven applications available. Opening chapters in part one briefly discuss the fundamental principles of nonwoven fabrics, topics such as the formation of nonwovens and the influence of fibre and fabric properties on nonwoven performance are covered. Part two provides valuable examples of how nonwoven materials can be used in a variety of textile products for apparel, filtration and personal hygiene. With a collection of international contributors, this book is an important reference for professionals involved in the production, technology and use of nonwoven materials, extending from industries such as the medical textile industry to the apparel sector. It will also be suitable for researchers in academia with an interest in nonwoven fabrics. Focuses on the variety of technical nonwoven applications available and provides a comprehensive overview of current developments and likely future trends Reviews the formulation of various types of nonwovens and examines the influence of fibre and fabric properties on nonwoven performance Provides a broad overview of nonwoven applications in a variety of different areas from apparel to automotive interiors