Extreme Weather Health And Communities

Author: Sheila Lakshmi Steinberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331930626X
Size: 43.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3091
Download
This volume presents a unique interdisciplinary approach, drawing on expertise in both the natural and social sciences. A primary goal is to present a scientific and socially integrated perspective on place-based community engagement, extreme weather, and health. Each year extreme weather is leading to natural disasters around the world and exerting huge social and health costs. The International Monetary Fund (2012) estimates that since 2010, 700 worldwide natural disasters have affected more than 450 million people around the globe. The best coping strategy for extreme weather and environmental change is a strong offense. Communities armed with a spatial understanding of their resources, risks, strengths, weaknesses, community capabilities, and social networks will have the best chance of reducing losses and achieving a better outcome when extreme weather and disaster strikes.

Grand Challenges For Social Work And Society

Author: Rowena Fong
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190859008
Size: 35.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1409
Download
The Grand Challenges for Social Work Initiative (GCSWI), which is spearheaded by the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare (AASWSW), represents a major endeavor for the entire field of social work. GCSWI calls for bold innovation and collective action powered by proven and evolving scientific interventions to address critical social issues facing society. The purpose of GCSWI was modeled after the National Academy of Engineering, which aimed to identify some of the most persistent engineering problems of the day and then put the attentions, energies, and funding of the entire field to work on them for a decade. The GCSWI does the same for social issues, tackling problems such as homelessness, social isolation, mass incarceration, family violence, and economic inequality. Grand Challenges for Social Work and Society is an edited book that will present the foundations of the GCSWI, laying out the start of the initiative and providing summaries of each of the twelve challenges. The 12 main chapters that form the core of the book, one on each of the dozen Grand Challenges, are written by the primary research teams who are driving each GC project.

Integrating Social And Behavioral Sciences Within The Weather Enterprise

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309464226
Size: 19.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1133
Download
Our ability to observe and forecast severe weather events has improved markedly over the past few decades. Forecasts of snow and ice storms, hurricanes and storm surge, extreme heat, and other severe weather events are made with greater accuracy, geographic specificity, and lead time to allow people and communities to take appropriate protective measures. Yet hazardous weather continues to cause loss of life and result in other preventable social costs. There is growing recognition that a host of social and behavioral factors affect how we prepare for, observe, predict, respond to, and are impacted by weather hazards. For example, an individual’s response to a severe weather event may depend on their understanding of the forecast, prior experience with severe weather, concerns about their other family members or property, their capacity to take the recommended protective actions, and numerous other factors. Indeed, it is these factors that can determine whether or not a potential hazard becomes an actual disaster. Thus, it is essential to bring to bear expertise in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS)â€"including disciplines such as anthropology, communication, demography, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociologyâ€"to understand how people’s knowledge, experiences, perceptions, and attitudes shape their responses to weather risks and to understand how human cognitive and social dynamics affect the forecast process itself. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise explores and provides guidance on the challenges of integrating social and behavioral sciences within the weather enterprise. It assesses current SBS activities, describes the potential value of improved integration of SBS and barriers that impede this integration, develops a research agenda, and identifies infrastructural and institutional arrangements for successfully pursuing SBS-weather research and the transfer of relevant findings to operational settings.

Climate Change And Human Health

Author: Anthony J. McMichael
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241562485
Size: 59.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2377
Download
This publication, prepared jointly by the WHO, the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, considers the public health challenges arising from global climate change and options for policy responses, with particular focus on the health sector. Aspects discussed include: an overview of historical developments and recent scientific assessments; weather and climate change; population vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of public health systems; the IPCC Third Assessment report; tasks for public health scientists; the health impacts of climate extremes; climate change, infectious diseases and the level of disease burdens; ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health; and methodological issues in monitoring health effects of climate change.

Climate Change And Cities

Author: Cynthia Rosenzweig
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139497405
Size: 30.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3541
Download
Urban areas are home to over half the world's people and are at the forefront of the climate change issue. The need for a global research effort to establish the current understanding of climate change adaptation and mitigation at the city level is urgent. To meet this goal a coalition of international researchers - the Urban Climate Change Research Network (UCCRN) - was formed at the time of the C40 Large Cities Climate Summit in New York in 2007. This book is the First UCCRN Assessment Report on Climate Change and Cities. The authors are all international experts from a diverse range of cities with varying socio-economic conditions, from both the developing and developed world. It is invaluable for mayors, city officials and policymakers; urban sustainability officers and urban planners; and researchers, professors and advanced students.

Gis Research Methods

Author: Sheila L. Steinberg
Publisher: ESRI Press
ISBN: 9781589483781
Size: 29.57 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4983
Download
Few if any books have been written about social science research methods and GIS in an ArcGIS environment. This books claims that niche.

Geographic Information Systems For The Social Sciences

Author: Steven J. Steinberg
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506319610
Size: 70.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7494
Download
Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place is the first book to take a cutting-edge approach to integrating spatial concepts into the social sciences. In this text, authors Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg simplify GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for practitioners and students in the social sciences through the use of examples and actual program exercises so that they can become comfortable incorporating this research tool into their repertoire and scope of interest. The authors provide learning objectives for each chapter, chapter summaries, links to relevant Web sites, as well as suggestions for student research projects.

Systems And Human Science For Safety Security And Dependability

Author: Tatsuo Arai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444518134
Size: 22.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2445
Download
Our society keeps growing with a large number of complicated machines and systems, while we are spending our diverse lives. The number of aged people has been increasing in the society. It is more likely than ever that we are involved in dangers, accidents, crimes, and disasters. Securing and supporting our daily life, building reliable infrastructures against large scale disasters, and preventing unexpected human errors are crucial issues in our highly developed complex society. The systems theory can provide "modelling, decision analysis and management for safety and security" as well as "fault detection and reliable control for the design of fail-safe, fool-proof machines and systems". If the human nature is analyzed and treated properly in the process of designing machines and systems, we could create safer, more reliable, and more intelligent machines and systems that can support our society and give us no anxiety and no uneasiness. "Hybrid systems modelling human behaviours" and "services for human" could give proper examples in this respect. "Robotics for safety and security", "safety recovery systems", "visual surveillance and monitoring", and "transportation systems for safety and security", those will provide powerful tools for safe, secure, and reliable systems to achieve peaceful society. Key features: - Towards a new science and its practical applications - Analysis of humans contributing to system designs - Evaluations of systems in the aspects of sense of security and feeling of easiness. · Towards a new science and its practical applications · Analysis of humans contributing to system designs · Evaluations of systems in the aspects of sense of security and feeling of easiness

Human Smart Cities

Author: Grazia Concilio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319330241
Size: 76.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1949
Download
Within the most recent discussion on smart cities and the way this vision is affecting urban changes and dynamics, this book explores the interplay between planning and design both at the level of the design and planning domains’ theories and practices. Urban transformation is widely recognized as a complex phenomenon, rich in uncertainty. It is the unpredictable consequence of complex interplay between urban forces (both top-down or bottom-up), urban resources (spatial, social, economic and infrastructural as well as political or cognitive) and transformation opportunities (endogenous or exogenous). The recent attention to Urban Living Lab and Smart City initiatives is disclosinga promising bridge between the micro-scale environments, with the dynamics of such forces and resources, and the urban governance mechanisms. This bridge is represented by those urban collaborative environments, where processes of smart service co-design take place through dialogic interaction with and among citizens within a situated and cultural-specific frame.

Environmental Planning For Oceans And Coasts

Author: Michelle Eva Portman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319269712
Size: 75.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4467
Download
This book informs environmental planning professionals, students and those interested in oceans and coasts from an environmental perspective about what is needed for planning and management of these unique environments. It is comprised of twelve chapters organized in three parts. Part I highlights the basics tenets of environmental planning for oceans and coasts including important concepts from the general field of planning and coastal and ocean management (e.g., hydrography, oceans policy and law, geomorphology). Environmental problems inherent within oceans and coasts (such as sea level rise, marine pollution, overdevelopment, etc.) are also addressed, especially those at the land–sea interface. Part II covers those methodological approaches regularly used by planners working to improve environmental quality and conditions of oceans and coasts among them: integrated planning and management, ecosystem services, pollution prevention, and marine spatial planning. Part III focuses specifically on state-of-the-art tools and technologies employed by planners for marine and coastal protection. These include systematic conservation planning for protected areas, decision support tools, coastal adaptation techniques and various types of communication, including visualization, narration and tools for stakeholder participation. The final chapter in the book reviews the most important concepts covered throughout book and emphasizes the important role that environmental planners have to play in the protection and well-being of oceans and coasts. Michael K. Orbach, of the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University, penned the book's foreword.