Comprehension

Author: Walter Kintsch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521629867
Size: 69.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1237
Download
In this landmark volume, Walter Kintsch presents a theory of human text comprehension that he has refined and developed over the past 20 years.

The Scientific Study Of General Intelligence

Author: Helmuth Nyborg
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080516660
Size: 31.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 6679
Download
This book celebrates two triumphs in modern psychology: the successful development and application of a solid measure of general intelligence; and the personal courage and skills of the man who made this possible - Arthur R. Jensen from Berkeley University. The volume traces the history of intelligence from the early 19th century approaches, to the most recent analyses of the hierarchical structure of cognitive abilities, and documents the transition from a hopelessly confused concept of intelligence to the development of an objective measure of psychometric g. The contributions illustrate the impressive power g has with respect to predicting educational achievement, getting an attractive job, or social stratification. The book is divided into six parts as follows: Part I presents the most recent higher-stream analysis of cognitive abilities, Part II deals with biological aspects of g, such as research on brain imaging, glucose uptake, working memory, reaction time, inspection time, and other biological correlates, and concludes with the latest findings in g-related molecular genetics. Part III addresses demographic aspects of g, such as geographic-, race-, and sex-differences, and introduces differential psychological aspects as well. Part IV concentrates on the g nexus, and relates such highly diverse topics as sociology, genius, retardation, training, education, jobs, and crime to g. Part V contains chapters critical of research on g and its genetic relationship, and also presents a rejoinder. Part VI looks at one of the greatest contemporary psychologists, Professor Emeritus Arthur R. Jensen as teacher and mentor.

Childhood And Society

Author: Erik H. Erikson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393347389
Size: 20.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1933
Download
The landmark work on the social significance of childhood. The original and vastly influential ideas of Erik H. Erikson underlie much of our understanding of human development. His insights into the interdependence of the individuals' growth and historical change, his now-famous concepts of identity, growth, and the life cycle, have changed the way we perceive ourselves and society. Widely read and cited, his works have won numerous awards including the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. Combining the insights of clinical psychoanalysis with a new approach to cultural anthropology, Childhood and Society deals with the relationships between childhood training and cultural accomplishment, analyzing the infantile and the mature, the modern and the archaic elements in human motivation. It was hailed upon its first publication as "a rare and living combination of European and American thought in the human sciences" (Margaret Mead, The American Scholar). Translated into numerous foreign languages, it has gone on to become a classic in the study of the social significance of childhood.

Psychology And Education

Author: Susan Bentham
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415227629
Size: 71.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2942
Download
Deals with the theoretical contributions and practical applications of psychology to education.

Methods Of Grouping Learners At School

Author: Vincent Dupriez
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN:
Size: 19.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3237
Download
How should classrooms be formed in a school? What criteria should be used for dividing students up between schools and classes? When is tracking/streaming and ability grouping appropriate in a school system? The author reviews the research of the past decade in order to evaluate the impact of class composition on students' learning. The question of equality of opportunity is also addressed. Although it is one of the fundamental principles of every educational project in the democratic countries, what are the real learning opportunities offered to students? Among the factors that make these opportunities differ between schools, or even between classes, researchers have long studied the question of the influence that each pupil or student has on his or her classmates - the so-called ’peer effect'. Going beyond peer effect within classes, this book also considers the subtle and sometimes unintentional process of adapting the teaching level according to the level of the school, which can lead to inequalities. Beyond a review of the research carried out on these issues, the author tackles related issues of administration and education policy.

Learning Theories

Author: Dale H. Schunk
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 013374180X
Size: 65.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2875
Download
Note: This is the loose-leaf version of Learning Theories and does not include access to the Pearson eText. To order the Pearson eText packaged with the loose-leaf version, use ISBN 0134013484. This work offers a very current and comprehensive look at the key theoretical principles, concepts, and research findings about learning. Special attention is paid to how these concepts and principles can be applied in today’s classrooms. In this essential resource, students are introduced to and see how to apply the key theoretical principles, concepts, and research findings about learning. The book begins with a discussion of the relationship between learning theory and instruction. It then looks at the neuroscience of learning. Five chapters cover the major theories of learning—behaviorism, social cognitive theory, information processing theory, and constructivism. The following four chapters cover key topics related to learning—cognitive learning processes, motivation, self-regulated learning, and contextual influences. The final chapter, Next Steps, helps students consolidate their views about learning. Throughout, the book features numerous applications. Improve mastery and retention with the Enhanced Pearson eText* The Enhanced Pearson eText provides a rich, interactive learning environment designed to improve student mastery of content. The Enhanced Pearson eText is: Engaging. The new interactive, multimedia learning features were developed by the authors and other subject-matter experts to deepen and enrich the learning experience. Convenient. Enjoy instant online access from your computer or download the Pearson eText App to read on or offline on your iPad® and Android® tablet.* Affordable. Experience the advantages of the Enhanced Pearson eText along with all the benefits of print for 40% to 50% less than a print bound book. *The Enhanced eText features are only available in the Pearson eText format. They are not available in third-party eTexts or downloads. *The Pearson eText App is available on Google Play and in the App Store. It requires Android OS 3.1-4, a 7” or 10” tablet, or iPad iOS 5.0 or later.