Entropy Based Design And Analysis Of Fluids Engineering Systems

Author: Greg F. Naterer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420006919
Size: 73.60 MB
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From engineering fluid mechanics to power systems, information coding theory and other fields, entropy is key to maximizing performance in engineering systems. It serves a vital role in achieving the upper limits of efficiency of industrial processes and quality of manufactured products. Entropy based design (EBD) can shed new light on various flow processes, ranging from optimized flow configurations in an aircraft engine to highly ordered crystal structures in a turbine blade. Entropy Based Design of Fluid Engineering Systems provides an overview of EBD as an emerging technology with applications to aerospace, microfluidics, heat transfer, and other disciplines. The text extends past analytical methods of Entropy Generation Minimization to numerical simulations involving more complex configurations and experimental measurement techniques. The book begins with an extensive development of basic concepts, including the mathematical properties of entropy and exergy, as well as statistical and numerical formulations of the second law. It then goes on to describe topics related to incompressible flows and the Second Law in microfluidic systems. The authors develop computational and experimental methods for identifying problem regions within a system through the local rates of entropy production. With these techniques, designers can use EBD to focus on particular regions where design modifications can be made to improve system performance. Numerous case studies illustrate the concepts in each chapter, and cover an array of applications including supersonic flows, condensation and turbulence. A one-of-a-kind reference, Entropy Based Design of Fluid Engineering Systems outlines new advances showing how local irreversibilities can be detected in complex configurations so that engineering devices can be re-designed locally to improve overall performance.

Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Adrian Bejan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119052092
Size: 49.70 MB
Format: PDF
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An advanced, practical approach to the first and second laws of thermodynamics Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics bridges the gap between engineering applications and the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Going beyond the basic coverage offered by most textbooks, this authoritative treatment delves into the advanced topics of energy and work as they relate to various engineering fields. This practical approach describes real-world applications of thermodynamics concepts, including solar energy, refrigeration, air conditioning, thermofluid design, chemical design, constructal design, and more. This new fourth edition has been updated and expanded to include current developments in energy storage, distributed energy systems, entropy minimization, and industrial applications, linking new technologies in sustainability to fundamental thermodynamics concepts. Worked problems have been added to help students follow the thought processes behind various applications, and additional homework problems give them the opportunity to gauge their knowledge. The growing demand for sustainability and energy efficiency has shined a spotlight on the real-world applications of thermodynamics. This book helps future engineers make the fundamental connections, and develop a clear understanding of this complex subject. Delve deeper into the engineering applications of thermodynamics Work problems directly applicable to engineering fields Integrate thermodynamics concepts into sustainability design and policy Understand the thermodynamics of emerging energy technologies Condensed introductory chapters allow students to quickly review the fundamentals before diving right into practical applications. Designed expressly for engineering students, this book offers a clear, targeted treatment of thermodynamics topics with detailed discussion and authoritative guidance toward even the most complex concepts. Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics is the definitive modern treatment of energy and work for today's newest engineers.

Beyond The Second Law

Author: Roderick C. Dewar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642401546
Size: 68.87 MB
Format: PDF
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The Second Law, a cornerstone of thermodynamics, governs the average direction of dissipative, non-equilibrium processes. But it says nothing about their actual rates or the probability of fluctuations about the average. This interdisciplinary book, written and peer-reviewed by international experts, presents recent advances in the search for new non-equilibrium principles beyond the Second Law, and their applications to a wide range of systems across physics, chemistry and biology. Beyond The Second Law brings together traditionally isolated areas of non-equilibrium research and highlights potentially fruitful connections between them, with entropy production playing the unifying role. Key theoretical concepts include the Maximum Entropy Production principle, the Fluctuation Theorem, and the Maximum Entropy method of statistical inference. Applications of these principles are illustrated in such diverse fields as climatology, cosmology, crystal growth morphology, Earth system science, environmental physics, evolutionary biology and technology, fluid turbulence, microbial biogeochemistry, plasma physics, and radiative transport, using a wide variety of analytical and experimental techniques. Beyond The Second Law will appeal to students and researchers wishing to gain an understanding of entropy production and its central place in the science of non-equilibrium systems – both in detail and in terms of the bigger picture.

Diesel Engine System Design

Author: Qianfan Xin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090836
Size: 64.42 MB
Format: PDF
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Diesel Engine System Design links everything diesel engineers need to know about engine performance and system design in order for them to master all the essential topics quickly and to solve practical design problems. Based on the author's unique experience in the field, it enables engineers to come up with an appropriate specification at an early stage in the product development cycle. Links everything diesel engineers need to know about engine performance and system design featuring essential topics and techniques to solve practical design problems Focuses on engine performance and system integration including important approaches for modelling and analysis Explores fundamental concepts and generic techniques in diesel engine system design incorporating durability, reliability and optimization theories

Modern Fluid Dynamics

Author: Clement Kleinstreuer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048120950
Size: 30.93 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This textbook covers essentials of traditional and modern fluid dynamics, i. e. , the fundamentals of and basic applications in fluid mechanics and convection heat transfer with brief excursions into fluid-particle dynamics and solid mechanics. Specifically, it is suggested that the book can be used to enhance the knowledge base and skill level of engineering and physics students in macro-scale fluid mechanics (see Chaps. 1–5 and 10), followed by an int- ductory excursion into micro-scale fluid dynamics (see Chaps. 6 to 9). These ten chapters are rather self-contained, i. e. , most of the material of Chaps. 1–10 (or selectively just certain chapters) could be taught in one course, based on the students’ background. Typically, serious seniors and first-year graduate students form a receptive audience (see sample syllabus). Such as target group of students would have had prerequisites in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics, where Part A would be a welcomed refresher. While introductory fluid mechanics books present the material in progressive order, i. e. , employing an inductive approach from the simple to the more difficult, the present text adopts more of a deductive approach. Indeed, understanding the derivation of the basic equations and then formulating the system-specific equations with suitable boundary conditions are two key steps for proper problem solutions.

Entropy Generation Through Heat And Fluid Flow

Author: Adrian Bejan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN:
Size: 34.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

Introduction To Thermal And Fluid Engineering

Author: Allan D. Kraus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420088084
Size: 16.26 MB
Format: PDF
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Introduction to Thermal and Fluid Engineering combines coverage of basic thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer for a one- or two-term course for a variety of engineering majors. The book covers fundamental concepts, definitions, and models in the context of engineering examples and case studies. It carefully explains the methods used to evaluate changes in equilibrium, mass, energy, and other measurable properties, most notably temperature. It then also discusses techniques used to assess the effects of those changes on large, multi-component systems in areas ranging from mechanical, civil, and environmental engineering to electrical and computer technologies. Includes a motivational student study guide on CD to promote successful evaluation of energy systems This material helps readers optimize problem solving using practices to determine equilibrium limits and entropy, as well as track energy forms and rates of progress for processes in both closed and open thermodynamic systems. Presenting a variety of system examples, tables, and charts to reinforce understanding, the book includes coverage of: How automobile and aircraft engines work Construction of steam power plants and refrigeration systems Gas and vapor power processes and systems Application of fluid statics, buoyancy, and stability, and the flow of fluids in pipes and machinery Heat transfer and thermal control of electronic components Keeping sight of the difference between system synthesis and analysis, this book contains numerous design problems. It would be useful for an intensive course geared toward readers who know basic physics and mathematics through ordinary differential equations but might not concentrate on thermal/fluids science much further. Written by experts in diverse fields ranging from mechanical, chemical, and electrical engineering to applied mathematics, this book is based on the assertion that engineers from all walks absolutely must understand energy processes and be able to quantify them.

Entropy Based Parameter Estimation In Hydrology

Author: Vijay Singh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401714312
Size: 62.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since the pioneering work of Shannon in the late 1940's on the development of the theory of entropy and the landmark contributions of Jaynes a decade later leading to the development of the principle of maximum entropy (POME), the concept of entropy has been increasingly applied in a wide spectrum of areas, including chemistry, electronics and communications engineering, data acquisition and storage and retreival, data monitoring network design, ecology, economics, environmental engineering, earth sciences, fluid mechanics, genetics, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, geotechnical engineering, hydraulics, hydrology, image processing, management sciences, operations research, pattern recognition and identification, photogrammetry, psychology, physics and quantum mechanics, reliability analysis, reservoir engineering, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, topology, transportation engineering, turbulence modeling, and so on. New areas finding application of entropy have since continued to unfold. The entropy concept is indeed versatile and its applicability widespread. In the area of hydrology and water resources, a range of applications of entropy have been reported during the past three decades or so. This book focuses on parameter estimation using entropy for a number of distributions frequently used in hydrology. In the entropy-based parameter estimation the distribution parameters are expressed in terms of the given information, called constraints. Thus, the method lends itself to a physical interpretation of the parameters. Because the information to be specified usually constitutes sufficient statistics for the distribution under consideration, the entropy method provides a quantitative way to express the information contained in the distribution.

Thermal Energy Systems

Author: Steven G. Penoncello
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482246007
Size: 62.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Model a Thermal System without Lengthy Hand Calculations Before components are purchased and a thermal energy system is built, the effective engineer must first solve the equations representing the mathematical model of the system. Having a working mathematical model based on physics and equipment performance information is crucial to finding a system’s operating point. Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis offers a fundamental working knowledge of the analysis and design of thermal-fluid energy systems, enabling users to effectively formulate, optimize, and test their own design projects. Providing an understanding of the basic concepts of simulation and optimization, and introducing simulation and optimization techniques that can be applied to a system model, this text covers the basic foundations of thermal-fluid system analysis and design. It addresses hydraulic systems, energy systems, system simulation, and system optimization. In addition, it incorporates both SI and English units, and builds current state-of-the-art computer modeling skills throughout the book. Topics covered include: Review of thermal engineering concepts Engineering economics principles Application of conservation and balance laws Review of fluid flow fundamentals Minor losses Series and parallel pipe networks Economic pipe diameter Pump performance and selection Cavitation Series and parallel pump systems The affinity laws for pumps Heat exchangers, LMTD, and e-NTU methods Regenerative HX, condensers, evaporators, and boilers Double-pipe heat exchangers Shell and tube heat exchangers Plate and frame heat exchangers Cross-flow heat exchangers Thermal energy system simulation Fitting component performance data Optimization using Lagrange multipliers Optimization using software Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis covers the concepts and the skills needed to plan, model, create, test, and optimize thermal systems; and to use computer simulation software through its use of Engineering Equation Solver (EES).

Thermal Design And Optimization

Author: Adrian Bejan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471584674
Size: 25.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Th ermal Design and Optimization offers engineering students, practicing engineers, and technical managers a comprehensive and rigorous introduction to thermal system design and optimization from a distinctly contemporary perspective. Unlike traditional books that are largely oriented toward design analysis and components, this forward-thinking book aligns itself with an increasing number of active designers who believe that more effective, system-oriented design methods are needed. Thermal Design and Optimization offers a lucid presentation of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics as they are applied to the design of thermal systems. This book broadens the scope of engineering design by placing a strong emphasis on engineering economics, system simulation, and optimization techniques. Opening with a concise review of fundamentals, it develops design methods within a framework of industrial applications that gradually increase in complexity. These applications include, among others, power generation by large and small systems, and cryogenic systems for the manufacturing, chemical, and food processing industries. This unique book draws on the best contemporary thinking about design and design methodology, including discussions of concurrent design and quality function deployment. Recent developments based on the second law of thermodynamics are also included, especially the use of exergy analysis, entropy generation minimization, and thermoeconomics. To demonstrate the application of important design principles introduced, a single case study involving the design of a cogeneration system is followed throughout the book. In addition, Thermal Design and Optimization is one of the best new sources available for meeting the recommendations of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology for more design emphasis in engineering curricula. Supported by extensive reference lists, end-of-chapter problem sets, and helpful appendices, this is a superb text for both the classroom and self-study, and for use in industrial design, development, and research. A detailed solutions manual is available from the publisher.