Energy Efficient Thermal Management Of Data Centers

Author: Yogendra Joshi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441971238
Size: 64.78 MB
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Energy Efficient Thermal Management of Data Centers examines energy flow in today's data centers. Particular focus is given to the state-of-the-art thermal management and thermal design approaches now being implemented across the multiple length scales involved. The impact of future trends in information technology hardware, and emerging software paradigms such as cloud computing and virtualization, on thermal management are also addressed. The book explores computational and experimental characterization approaches for determining temperature and air flow patterns within data centers. Thermodynamic analyses using the second law to improve energy efficiency are introduced and used in proposing improvements in cooling methodologies. Reduced-order modeling and robust multi-objective design of next generation data centers are discussed.

Air Flow Management In Raised Floor Data Centers

Author: Vaibhav K. Arghode
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319258923
Size: 30.17 MB
Format: PDF
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The Brief discuss primarily two aspects of air flow management in raised floor data centers. Firstly, cooling air delivery through perforated tiles will be examined and influence of the tile geometry on flow field development and hot air entrainment above perforated tiles will be discussed. Secondly, the use of cold aisle containment to physically separate hot and cold regions, and minimize hot and cold air mixing will be presented. Both experimental investigations and computational efforts are discussed and development of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based models for simulating air flow in data centers is included. In addition, metrology tools for facility scale air velocity and temperature measurement, and air flow rate measurement through perforated floor tiles and server racks are examined and the authors present thermodynamics-based models to gauge the effectiveness and importance of air flow management schemes in data centers.

Optimum Cooling Of Data Centers

Author: Jun Dai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461456029
Size: 54.21 MB
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This book describes the use of free air cooling to improve the efficiency of, and cooling of, equipment for use in telecom infrastructures. Discussed at length is the cooling of communication installation rooms such as data centers or base stations, and this is intended as a valuable tool for the people designing and manufacturing key parts of communication networks. This book provides an introduction to current cooling methods used for energy reduction, and also compares present cooling methods in use in the field. The qualification methods and standard reliability assessments are reviewed, and their inability to assess the risks of free air cooling is discussed. The method of identifying the risks associated with free air cooling on equipment performance and reliability is introduced. A novel method of assessment for free air cooling is also proposed that utilizes prognostics and health management (PHM). This book also: Describes how the implementation of free air cooling can save energy for cooling within the telecommunications infrastructure. Analyzes the potential risks and failures of mechanisms possible in the implementation of free air cooling, which benefits manufacturers and equipment designers. Presents prognostics-based assessments to identify and mitigate the risks of telecommunications equipment under free air cooling conditions, which can provide the early warning of equipment failures at operation stage without disturbing the data centers' service. Optimum Cooling for Data Centers is an ideal book for researchers and engineers interested in designing and manufacturing equipment for use in telecom infrastructures.

Thermofluid Modeling For Energy Efficiency Applications

Author: M. Masud K. Khan
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128025891
Size: 74.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Thermofluid Modeling for Sustainable Energy Applications provides a collection of the most recent, cutting-edge developments in the application of fluid mechanics modeling to energy systems and energy efficient technology. Each chapter introduces relevant theories alongside detailed, real-life case studies that demonstrate the value of thermofluid modeling and simulation as an integral part of the engineering process. Research problems and modeling solutions across a range of energy efficiency scenarios are presented by experts, helping users build a sustainable engineering knowledge base. The text offers novel examples of the use of computation fluid dynamics in relation to hot topics, including passive air cooling and thermal storage. It is a valuable resource for academics, engineers, and students undertaking research in thermal engineering. Includes contributions from experts in energy efficiency modeling across a range of engineering fields Places thermofluid modeling and simulation at the center of engineering design and development, with theory supported by detailed, real-life case studies Features hot topics in energy and sustainability engineering, including thermal storage and passive air cooling Provides a valuable resource for academics, engineers, and students undertaking research in thermal engineering

Energy Efficient Data Centers

Author: Sonja Klingert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642551491
Size: 20.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Energy Efficient Data Centers, E2DC 2013, held in Berkeley, CA, USA, in May 2013; co-located with SIGCOMM e-Energy 2013. The 8 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on energy and workload measurement; energy management; simulators and control.

Energy Efficient Servers

Author: Corey Gough
Publisher: Apress
ISBN: 1430266384
Size: 45.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Energy Efficient Servers: Blueprints for Data Center Optimization introduces engineers and IT professionals to the power management technologies and techniques used in energy efficient servers. The book includes a deep examination of different features used in processors, memory, interconnects, I/O devices, and other platform components. It outlines the power and performance impact of these features and the role firmware and software play in initialization and control. Using examples from cloud, HPC, and enterprise environments, the book demonstrates how various power management technologies are utilized across a range of server utilization. It teaches the reader how to monitor, analyze, and optimize their environment to best suit their needs. It shares optimization techniques used by data center administrators and system optimization experts at the world’s most advanced data centers.

Making Your Data Center Energy Efficient

Author: Gilbert Held
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439855552
Size: 25.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Detailing powerful methods for reducing the energy costs associated with operating a data center, Making Your Data Center Energy Efficient examines both equipment and building facilities. It reviews the rationale for conserving energy and demonstrates how conservation and careful equipment selection can lead to significant improvements to your bottom line. For those not well-versed in financial or energy terms, the first two chapters provide a detailed discussion of the terms associated with different types of energy, as well as how to compute the return on investment for energy conservation efforts. The text includes tables of monthly expenses associated with operating equipment that will help you convert problems into simple table lookup processes. Among the money-saving topics discussed, it considers: How to minimize the energy consumption of a wide range of devices A little-understood topic that can make a big impact on energy costs—general heating and cooling Techniques required to effectively monitor different types of meters Phantom energy usage and methods for minimizing its cost to your organization Recognizing that most readers may not have direct control over the selection of a furnace or hot water heater, the book provides you with the ability to recognize the efficiencies and inefficiencies of various types of devices, so you can provide input into the decision-making process. From replacing lighting to consolidation and virtualization, it provides you with the well-rounded understanding needed to properly manage all aspects of the energy consumed in your data center.

Energy Efficient Distributed Computing Systems

Author: Albert Y. Zomaya
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118342003
Size: 55.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The energy consumption issue in distributed computing systems raises various monetary, environmental and system performance concerns. Electricity consumption in the US doubled from 2000 to 2005. From a financial and environmental standpoint, reducing the consumption of electricity is important, yet these reforms must not lead to performance degradation of the computing systems. These contradicting constraints create a suite of complex problems that need to be resolved in order to lead to 'greener' distributed computing systems. This book brings together a group of outstanding researchers that investigate the different facets of green and energy efficient distributed computing. Key features: One of the first books of its kind Features latest research findings on emerging topics by well-known scientists Valuable research for grad students, postdocs, and researchers Research will greatly feed into other technologies and application domains

Cooling Of Microelectronic And Nanoelectronic Equipment

Author: Madhusudan Iyengar
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814579807
Size: 40.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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To celebrate Professor Avi Bar-Cohen's 65th birthday, this unique volume is a collection of recent advances and emerging research from various luminaries and experts in the field. Cutting-edge technologies and research related to thermal management and thermal packaging of micro- and nanoelectronics are covered, including enhanced heat transfer, heat sinks, liquid cooling, phase change materials, synthetic jets, computational heat transfer, electronics reliability, 3D packaging, thermoelectrics, data centers, and solid state lighting. This book can be used by researchers and practitioners of thermal engineering to gain insight into next generation thermal packaging solutions. It is an excellent reference text for graduate-level courses in heat transfer and electronics packaging. Contents:A Review of Cooling Road Maps for 3D Chip Packages (Dereje Agonafer)Thermal Performance Mapping of Direct Liquid Cooled 3D Chip Stacks (Karl J L Geisler and Avram Bar-Cohen)Dynamic Thermal Management Considering Accurate Temperature-Leakage Interdependency (Bing Shi and Ankur Srivastava)Energy Reduction and Performance Maximization Through Improved Cooling (David Copeland)Optimal Choice of Heat Sinks from an Industrial Point of View (Clemens J M Lasance)Synthetic Jets for Heat Transfer Augmentation in Microelectronics Systems (Mehmet Arik and Enes Tamdogan)Recent Advance in Thermoelectric Devices for Electronics Cooling (Peng Wang)Energy Efficient Solid-State Cooling for Hot Spot Removal (Kazuaki Yazawa, Andrei Fedorov, Yogendra Joshi and Ali Shakouri)An Overview of the Use of Phase Change Materials for the Thermal Management of Transient Portable Electronics: Benefits and Challenges (Amy S Fleischer)Estimation of Cooling Performance of Phase Change Material (PCM) Module (Masaru Ishizuka and Tomoyuki Hatakeyama)Optimization Under Uncertainty for Electronics Cooling Design (Karthik K Bodla, Jayathi Y Murthy and Suresh V Garimella)Hydrophilic CNT-Sintered Copper Composite Wick for Enhanced Cooling (Glen A Powell, Anuradha Bulusu, Justin A Weibel, Sungwon S Kim, Suresh V Garimella and Timothy S Fisher)A Cabinet Level Thermal Test Vehicle to Evaluate Hybrid Double-Sided Cooling Schemes (Qihong Nie and Yogendra Joshi)Energy Efficiency and Reliability Risk Mitigation of Data Centers Through Prognostics and Health Management (Jun Dai, Michael Ohadi and Michael Pecht)Damage Pre-Cursors Based Assessment of Accrued Thermomechanical Damage and Remaining Useful Life in Field Deployed Electronics (Pradeep Lall, Mahendra Harsha, Kai Goebel and Jim Jones)Towards Embedded Cooling — Gen 3 Thermal Packaging Technology (Avram Bar-Cohen) Readership: Researchers, practitioners, and postgraduates in mechanical engineering, nanoelectronics, computer engineering, and electrical & electronic engineering. Keywords:Electronics Cooling;Electronics Packaging;Thermal Management;Thermal Sciences;Electronics Reliability;Thermoelectrics;Computational Heat Transfer;Liquid Cooling

Alternative Cooling Technologies For Telecommunication Data Centers

Author: Venkata Naga Poornima Mynampati
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 43.46 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Telecommunication industry is currently emphasizing to a miniaturization and convergence. The need for smaller, smarter and faster devices is leading drastic increment in power density and accordingly, thermal management of such devices has become a challenge. The heat generated by the devices has to be dissipated in order to ensure proper and efficient functioning of the electronics. Electronics cooling ranges from device level to the room level cooling. Data Center is a facility (room) consisting of servers used for managing and transferring data or information. The thermal management of this facility is challenging due to the huge decrease in floor space for equipment and a tremendous increase in the power density of the servers without a compromise in the energy efficiency. The increase in server heat density waves a scope for developing improved cooling technologies without increasing the power consumption. It is commonly observed that 40% of the total data center energy is consumed by its cooling equipments. In our application, thermal management through air cooling is possible to a maximum of 16kW. Beyond 16kW, typical air cooling techniques leads to a substantial increase in the power consumption hence, a concept of hybrid cooling using Rear Door Heat Exchanger (RDHx) is incorporated. RDHx is used for higher server density cabinets up to 25kW which helps in reducing the power consumption and efficient cooling. This study is therefore divided into two parts: air cooling and hybrid cooling. In air cooling of Data center, suitable cooling accessories for various heat loads of the cabinets in a data center are determined. The accessories include the blanking panels and chimneys. Furthermore, impact of hot/cold air isolation is analyzed for high heat loads of the cabinets. It is observed that the accessories are effective for heat loads up to 12kW and the hot/cold air containment is effective for 16kW. Furthermore, in case of RDHx, emphasis is placed on the analytical determination of the optimum heat load after determining the effectiveness of heat exchanger at the given operating conditions. Then, thermal analysis is performed to compare various heat loads of the cabinets with RDHx. Based on the results; a "best known method" or "rule of thumb" is verified that rear door heat exchanger could be 100% efficient in cooling the cabinets of heat loads up to 27kW. The impact of RDHx in different configurations is studied and compared. A computational study of the effectiveness of RDHx in side breathing network switches is analyzed. It is seen that there is a decrease in the global maximum temperature with the inclusion of RDHx and they are very effective in cooling the side breathing switches.