Endurance And War

Author: Jasen J. Castillo
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804790728
Size: 15.28 MB
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Scholars and military practitioners alike have long sought to understand why some country's militaries fight hard when facing defeat while others collapse. In Endurance and War, Jasen Castillo presents a new unifying theory—cohesion theory—to explain why national militaries differ in their staying power. His argument builds on insights from the literatures on group solidarity in general and military effectiveness in particular, which argue that the stronger the ties binding together individuals in a group of any kind, the higher the degree of cohesion that a group will exhibit when taking collective action, including fighting in war. Specifically, he argues that two types of ties determine the cohesion, and therefore the resilience, of a nation's armed forces during war: the degree of control a regime holds over its citizens and the amount of autonomy the armed forces possess to focus on training for warfighting. Understanding why armed forces differ in their cohesion should help U.S. military planners better assess the military capabilities of potential adversaries, like Iran and North Korea. For scholars of international politics, cohesion theory can help provide insights into how countries create military power and how they win wars.

Commanding Military Power

Author: Ryan Grauer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107158214
Size: 15.56 MB
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This book offers a new explanation of military power, highlighting the role of uncertainty in the creation of combat capabilities.

The Iraq Wars And America S Military Revolution

Author: Keith L. Shimko
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052111151X
Size: 74.46 MB
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This book is a comprehensive study of the Iraq Wars in the context of the revolution in military affairs debate.

Atomic Obsession

Author: John Mueller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199837090
Size: 40.88 MB
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John Mueller reveals in this compellingly argued book that our obsession with nuclear weapons is unsupported by history, scientific fact, or logic. Examining the entire atomic era, Mueller boldly contends that nuclear weapons have had little impact on history. Equally important, Atomic Obsession reveals that current anxieties about terrorists obtaining nuclear weapons are essentially baseless. Demolishing half-truths and false assumptions, this is an important argument that deserves a wide public hearing.

The Dictator S Army

Author: Caitlin Talmadge
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501701762
Size: 79.31 MB
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A compelling new argument to help us understand why authoritarian militaries sometimes fight very well—and sometimes very poorly. Talmadge's framework for understanding battlefield effectiveness focuses on four key sets of military organizational practices.

The Sword S Other Edge

Author: Dan Reiter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108416721
Size: 28.59 MB
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Military effectiveness can only be fully understood by accounting for its political and military tradeoffs. This book explains those tradeoffs.

Beyond Air Sea Battle

Author: Aaron L. Friedberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138466579
Size: 17.25 MB
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This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the debate over how the United States and its allies can counter China's rapidly growing military power.

Cheap Threats

Author: Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626162832
Size: 49.56 MB
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Why do weak states resist threats of force from the United States, especially when history shows that this superpower carries out its ultimatums? Cheap Threats upends conventional notions of power politics and challenges assumptions about the use of compellent military threats in international politics. Drawing on an original dataset of US compellence from 1945 to 2007 and four in-depth case studies—the Cuban Missile Crisis, the 2011 confrontation with Libya, and the 1991 and 2003 showdowns with Iraq—Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain finds that US compellent threats often fail because threatening and using force became comparatively “cheap” for the United States after the Cold War. Becoming the world’s only superpower and adopting a new light-footprint model of war, which relied heavily on airpower and now drones, have reduced the political, economic, and human costs that US policymakers face when they go to war. Paradoxically, this lower-cost model of war has cheapened US threats and fails to signal to opponents that the United States is resolved to bear the high costs of a protracted conflict. The result: small states gamble, often unwisely, that the United States will move on to a new target before achieving its goals. Cheap Threats resets the bar for scholars and planners grappling with questions of state resolve, hegemonic stability, effective coercion, and other issues pertinent in this new era of US warfighting and diplomacy.

Forced To Change

Author: Bernd Horn
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 145972786X
Size: 22.20 MB
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Undeniably, the 1990s were a period of crisis for the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Drastic budget reductions and a series of endless scandals all collided to form the perfect storm. The outcome of this was nothing short of the implosion of the Canadian Armed Forces Officer Corps. Stripped by the government of the right to regulate itself, the Officer Corps, which represented the nation’s stewards of the profession of arms, was forced to reform itself. Key to this transformation was education. However, the road was not easy, as cultural change rarely is. Forced to Change tells the story of how the Canadian Armed Forces found itself at its lowest point in history and how it managed to reform itself. The question is whether it was a fundamental transformation or just a temporary adjustment to weather the storm.

Enduring The Great War

Author: Alexander Watson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521881013
Size: 73.66 MB
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This book is an innovative comparative history of how German and British soldiers endured the horror of the First World War. Unlike existing literature, which emphasises the strength of societies or military institutions, this study argues that at the heart of armies' robustness lay natural human resilience. Drawing widely on contemporary letters and diaries of British and German soldiers, psychiatric reports and official documentation, and interpreting these sources with modern psychological research, this unique account provides fresh insights into the soldiers' fears, motivations and coping mechanisms. It explains why the British outlasted their opponents by examining and comparing the motives for fighting, the effectiveness with which armies and societies supported men and the combatants' morale throughout the conflict on both sides. Finally it challenges the consensus on the war's end, arguing that not a 'covert strike' but rather an 'ordered surrender' led by junior officers brought about Germany's defeat in 1918.