Encyclopedia Of Community Policing And Problem Solving

Author: Kenneth J. Peak
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506307779
Size: 37.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Community policing, as a philosophy, supports the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues, including crime, social disorder, and fear of crime—as opposed to responding to crime after it occurs. Community policing expands the traditional police mandate. It broadens the focus of fighting crime to include solving community problems and forming partnerships with people in the community so average citizens can contribute to the policing process. Originating during police reform efforts of the 1970s, the philosophy of community policing is currently widespread and embraced by many citizens, police administrators, scholars, and local and federal politicians. What sorts of collaborative partnerships have evolved between policing agencies and the individuals and communities they serve? How do police departments engage in systematic examination of identified problems to develop effective responses? How have police departments aligned their organizational structures to best support community partnerships and proactive problem solving? Just how effective have efforts at community policing been? These questions and more are explored within the pages of this new reference work. Features: A collection of 150 to 175 entries are organized in A-to-Z fashion in one volume available in both electronic and print formats. Signed entries, authored by significant figures in the field, each conclude with Cross-References and Suggestions for Further Readings to guide students to in-depth resources. Brief "What Works" case studies within appropriate entries profile community policing programs and strategies as tried in various cities and communities. Although organized in A-to-Z fashion, a thematic "Reader's Guide" in the front matter groups related entries by broad topic areas (e.g., Foundations; Methods & Practices; Legislation & National Organizations; Changing Agency Culture; Planning & Implementation; Training & Curriculum; Assessment & Evaluation; etc.). Also included in the front matter, a Chronology provides students with historical perspective of the development of community policing. The entire work concludes with a Resources appendix listing classic books, journals, and associations, followed by a comprehensive Index.

The Encyclopedia Of Police Science

Author: Jack R. Greene
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415970008
Size: 23.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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First published in 1996, this work covers all the major sectors of policing in the United States. Political events such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, have created new policing needs while affecting public opinion about law enforcement. This third edition of the "Encyclopedia" examines the theoretical and practical aspects of law enforcement, discussing past and present practices.

Encyclopedia Of Violence Peace And Conflict

Author: Lester R. Kurtz
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780122270130
Size: 18.33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Anthropological Studies, Biomedical Studies, Communications, Criminology, cultural studies, economic studies, ethical studies, historical studies, international relations, peace and conflict studies, political studies, psychological studies, public policy studies, sociological studies, warfare and military studies.

Democratic Policing In A Changing World

Author: Peter K. Manning
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317261429
Size: 61.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Democratic policing today is a widely used approach to policing not only in Western societies but increasingly around the world. Yet it is rarely defined and it is little understood by the public and even by many of its practitioners. Peter K. Manning draws on political philosophy, sociology and criminal justice to develop a widely applicable fundamental conception of democratic policing. In the process he delineates today's relationship between democracy and policing. Democratic Policing in a Changing World documents the failure of police reform, showing that each new approach - such as crime mapping and 'hot spots' policing - fails to alter any fundamental practice and has in fact increased social inequalities. He offers a new and better approach for scholars, policy makers, police, governments and societies.

Encyclopedia Of Crime And Punishment

Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761922582
Size: 74.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences." Larry E. Sullivan, Ph.D. Chief Librarian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Crime. It started with Cain and Abel, and it won’t end with the Sopranos. Our fascination with transgression and its punishment is universal. And now, from Sage – the publisher of criminal justice abstracts and other standards in the field – comes the ultimate reference source on this all-consuming subject: comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-the second. Comprehensive and balanced coverage of: Concepts and theories Correction Law Crimes Methods and statistics National surveys Organizations Police science Social and cultural context Features and benefits: - 100% original content - Broader, more up-to-date coverage than any other source on the market 275 Contributors 425 Signed entries 150 Illustrations Prestigious advisory board overseeing quality 1.5 million words 250 sidebars offering key primary source documents 100 "factoids," spotlighting important, and sometimes startling, information International coverage, with focus on the contemporary United States Chronology, master bibliography, and general index Appendixes: Careers in criminal justice; Professional organizations; Guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment covers the waterfront. Entries include: Broken windows theory Child witness Environmental crime Interpol Media Pathology Prison industry Religion in prison Securities fraud Spectator violence Television Victimization War crimes Wrongful convictions ADVISORY BOARD Anita Blowers University of North Carolina, Charlotte Eve Buzawa University of Massachusetts, Lowell Ric Curtis John Jay College of Criminal Justice Harry Dammer Niagara University Obi Ebbe University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Frank Horvath Michigan State University Phyllis Schultze Rutgers University Larry Sullivan John Jay College of Criminal Justice

The Encyclopedia Of Housing

Author: Willem van Vliet
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761913320
Size: 78.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This authoritative resource brings into focus the many important connections among the different disciplines in the field of housing - planning, architecture, social sciences, environmental design, business law and others. The Encyclopedia of Housing assists in the conceptualization of housing problems and outlines methods for studying and resolving them. While much of the work focuses on the USA, there are also essays on housing in Western Europe and Japan, and on the World Bank and the World Health Organization. Given the inclusion of broad thematic material and subjects of relevance to housing in all industrialized countries, The Encyclopedia of Housing will be a vital resource for researchers, practitioners and students everywhere.

Encyclopedia Of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412959187
Size: 40.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime