Educational Opportunity

Author: Alexander D. Singleton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317145720
Size: 51.61 MB
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While in recent years the burgeoning Higher Education (HE) sector has been set an agenda of widening participation, few HE institutions have strategies in place for reaching the full range of potential students most likely to benefit from (and successfully complete) their current subject and course offerings. Universities and colleges are often unsystematic in the ways in which they identify schools and colleges for outreach and widening participation initiatives, and sometimes uncoordinated in how they present the full institutional profile of subjects of study in these activities. Using innovative methodology, this book sets out some relevant aspects of the changing HE policy-setting arena and presents a systematic framework for broadening participation and extending access in an era of variable fees. In particular, the book illustrates how HE data and publicly available sources might enable institutions to move from piecemeal analysis of their intake to institution-wide strategic and geographical market area analysis for existing and potential subject and course offerings.

Demography At The Edge

Author: Assoc Prof Rasmus Ole Rasmussen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 140949005X
Size: 63.18 MB
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Addressing the methodological and topical challenges facing demographers working in remote regions, this book compares and contrasts the research, methods and models, and policy applications from peripheral regions in developed nations. With the emphasis on human populations as dynamic, adaptive, evolving systems, it explores how populations respond in different ways to changing environmental, cultural and economic conditions and how effectively they manage these change processes. Theoretical understandings and policy issues arising from demographic modelling are tackled including: competition for skilled workers; urbanisation and ruralisation; population ageing; the impacts of climate change; the life outcomes of Indigenous peoples; globalisation and international migration. Based on a strong theoretical framework around issues of heterogeneity, generational change, temporariness and the relative strength of internal and external ties, Demography at the Edge provides a common set of approaches and issues that benefit both researchers and practitioners.

Ethnic Studies And Multiculturalism

Author: Thomas J. La Belle
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791429839
Size: 59.30 MB
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La Belle and Ward address a major question confronting American higher education - How do colleges and universities best prepare students for common citizenship in a diverse, democratic state while also nurturing their groups' cultures, values, and institutional participation? The authors clarify current debates about diversity and the content of curriculum, what one commentator calls the "culture wars." The book includes an overview of ethnicity, intergroup relations, and related concepts; the history and development of multiculturalism and ethnic studies in higher education in the United States; and an analysis of the issues related to diversity in higher education, particularly as they relate to tensions between ethnic studies and multicultural efforts.

Affirmative Action Matters

Author: Laura Dudley Jenkins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131774845X
Size: 60.70 MB
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Affirmative Action Matters focuses specifically on affirmative action policies in higher education admissions, the sphere that has been the most controversial in many of the nations that have such policies. It brings together distinguished scholars from diverse nations to examine and discuss the historical, political and philosophical contexts of affirmative action and clarify policy developments to further the meaningful equality of educational opportunity. This unique volume includes both well established and emerging policies from the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia, policies which developed under a variety of political systems and target a range of underrepresented groups, based on race, ethnicity, gender, class, social background, or region. Accessible and thought provoking case studies of affirmative action demonstrate that such policies are expanding to different countries and target populations. While some countries, such as India, have affirmative action policies that predate those in the United States, affirmative action is a recent development in countries such as Brazil and France. Legal or political pressures to move away from explicitly race-based policies in several countries have complicated affirmative action and make this assessment of international alternatives particularly timely. New or newly modified policies target a variety of disadvantaged groups, based on geography, class, or caste, in addition to race or sex. International scholars in six countries spanning five continents offer insights into their own countries’ experiences to examine the implications of policy shifts from race toward other categories of disadvantage, to consider best practices in student admission policies, and to assess the future of affirmative action.

Widening Access To Education As Social Justice

Author: Akpovire Oduaran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402043244
Size: 50.19 MB
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Among the greatest challenges of the twenty-first century is that of providing adequate educational opportunities to all citizens of the globe. This anthology – a tribute to the life and work of the Nigerian educationist Michael A. Omolewa – discusses the educational dimensions of social justice, reviews approaches to widening access, analyzes case studies from around the world, and considers future directions in education policy and research.

Post Secondary Education And Technology

Author: R. Clothey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137037776
Size: 24.59 MB
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As the global commitment to educational access has become enshrined in all levels of society, new technologies have also been developed that hold tremendous promise for enabling these goals. This book looks at trends and challenges for expanding access to post-secondary education via technology through a set of case studies and analyses.

Higher Education Meritocracy And Inequality In China

Author: Ye Liu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811015880
Size: 79.91 MB
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This book investigates the changing opportunities in higher education for different social groups during China’s transition from the socialist regime to a market economy. The first part of the book provides a historical and comparative analysis of the development of the idea of meritocracy, since its early origins in China, and in more recent western thought. The second part then explores higher education reforms in China, the part played by supposedly meritocratic forms of selection, and the implications of these for social mobility. Based on original empirical data, Ye Liu sheds light on the socio-economic, gender and geographical inequalities behind the meritocratic façade of the Gaokao (高考). Liu argues that the Chinese philosophical belief in education-based meritocracy had a modern makeover in the Gaokao, and that this ideology induces working-class and rural students to believe in upward social mobility through higher education. When the Gaokao broke the promise of status improvement for rural students, they turned to the Chinese Communist Party and sought political connections by actively applying for its membership. This book reveals a bleak picture of visible and invisible inequality in terms of access to and participation in higher education in contemporary China. Written in an accessible style, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and non-specialist readers alike.