Ecological Inference

Author: Gary King
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521542807
Size: 39.90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3068
Download
Drawing upon the explosion of research in the field, a diverse group of scholars surveys strategies for solving ecological inference problems, the process of trying to infer individual behavior from aggregate data. The uncertainties and information lost in aggregation make ecological inference one of the most difficult areas of statistical inference, but these inferences are required in many academic fields, as well as by legislatures and the Courts in redistricting, marketing research by business, and policy analysis by governments. This wide-ranging collection of essays, first published in 2004, offers many important contributions to the study of ecological inference.

A Solution To The Ecological Inference Problem

Author: Gary King
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400849209
Size: 45.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2504
Download
This book provides a solution to the ecological inference problem, which has plagued users of statistical methods for over seventy-five years: How can researchers reliably infer individual-level behavior from aggregate (ecological) data? In political science, this question arises when individual-level surveys are unavailable (for instance, local or comparative electoral politics), unreliable (racial politics), insufficient (political geography), or infeasible (political history). This ecological inference problem also confronts researchers in numerous areas of major significance in public policy, and other academic disciplines, ranging from epidemiology and marketing to sociology and quantitative history. Although many have attempted to make such cross-level inferences, scholars agree that all existing methods yield very inaccurate conclusions about the world. In this volume, Gary King lays out a unique--and reliable--solution to this venerable problem. King begins with a qualitative overview, readable even by those without a statistical background. He then unifies the apparently diverse findings in the methodological literature, so that only one aggregation problem remains to be solved. He then presents his solution, as well as empirical evaluations of the solution that include over 16,000 comparisons of his estimates from real aggregate data to the known individual-level answer. The method works in practice. King's solution to the ecological inference problem will enable empirical researchers to investigate substantive questions that have heretofore proved unanswerable, and move forward fields of inquiry in which progress has been stifled by this problem.

Spatial Analysis For The Social Sciences

Author: David Darmofal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521888263
Size: 77.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2730
Download
This book shows how to model the spatial interactions between actors that are at the heart of the social sciences.

Statistical Modeling And Inference For Social Science

Author: Sean Gailmard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107003148
Size: 11.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2801
Download
Written specifically for graduate students and practitioners beginning social science research, Statistical Modeling and Inference for Social Science covers the essential statistical tools, models and theories that make up the social scientist's toolkit. Assuming no prior knowledge of statistics, this textbook introduces students to probability theory, statistical inference and statistical modeling, and emphasizes the connection between statistical procedures and social science theory. Sean Gailmard develops core statistical theory as a set of tools to model and assess relationships between variables - the primary aim of social scientists - and demonstrates the ways in which social scientists express and test substantive theoretical arguments in various models. Chapter exercises guide students in applying concepts to data, extending their grasp of core theoretical concepts. Students gain the ability to create, read and critique statistical applications in their fields of interest.

Spatial Models Of Parliamentary Voting

Author: Keith T. Poole
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139446754
Size: 40.93 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2733
Download
This book presents a simple geometric model of voting as a tool to analyze parliamentary roll call data. Each legislator is represented by one point and each roll call is represented by two points that correspond to the policy consequences of voting Yea or Nay. On every roll call each legislator votes for the closer outcome point, at least probabilistically. These points form a spatial map that summarizes the roll calls. In this sense a spatial map is much like a road map because it visually depicts the political world of a legislature. The closeness of two legislators on the map shows how similar their voting records are, and the distribution of legislators shows what the dimensions are. These maps can be used to study a wide variety of topics including how political parties evolve over time, the existence of sophisticated voting and how an executive influences legislative outcomes.

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Methodology

Author: Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199286546
Size: 22.49 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4010
Download
The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from major international scholars The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology provides the key point of reference for anyone working throughout the discipline.

Scientific Method For Ecological Research

Author: E. David Ford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521669733
Size: 61.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1878
Download
Provides a framework for understanding methodological issues and assists with the effective definition and planning of research.

Approaches And Methodologies In The Social Sciences

Author: Donatella Della Porta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139474596
Size: 42.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4545
Download
A revolutionary textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences. Written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. It addresses questions of ontology, epistemology and philosophy of social science, and proceeds to issues of methodology and research design essential for producing a good research proposal. It also introduces researchers to the main issues of debate and contention in the methodology of social sciences, identifying commonalities, historic continuities and genuine differences.