Dynamics Among Nations

Author: Hilton L. Root
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262019701
Size: 76.65 MB
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Liberal internationalism has been the West's foreign policy agenda since the Cold War, and the West has long occupied the top rung of a hierarchical system. In this book, Hilton Root argues that international relations, like other complex ecosystems, exists in a constantly shifting landscape, in which hierarchical structures are giving way to systems of networked interdependence, changing every facet of global interaction. Accordingly, policymakers will need a new way to understand the process of change. Root suggests that the science of complex systems offers an analytical framework to explain the unforeseen development failures, governance trends, and alliance shifts in today's global political economy. Root examines both the networked systems that make up modern states and the larger, interdependent landscapes they share. Using systems analysis -- in which institutional change and economic development are understood as self-organizing complexities -- he offers an alternative view of institutional resilience and persistence. From this perspective, Root considers the divergence of East and West; the emergence of the European state, its contrast with the rise of China, and the network properties of their respective innovation systems; the trajectory of democracy in developing regions; and the systemic impact of China on the liberal world order. Complexity science, Root argues, will not explain historical change processes with algorithmic precision, but it may offer explanations that match the messy richness of those processes.

Non Equilibrium Social Science And Policy

Author: Jeffrey Johnson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319424246
Size: 70.63 MB
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The overall aim of this book, an outcome of the European FP7 FET Open NESS project, is to contribute to the ongoing effort to put the quantitative social sciences on a proper footing for the 21st century. A key focus is economics, and its implications on policy making, where the still dominant traditional approach increasingly struggles to capture the economic realities we observe in the world today - with vested interests getting too often in the way of real advances. Insights into behavioral economics and modern computing techniques have made possible both the integration of larger information sets and the exploration of disequilibrium behavior. The domain-based chapters of this work illustrate how economic theory is the only branch of social sciences which still holds to its old paradigm of an equilibrium science - an assumption that has already been relaxed in all related fields of research in the light of recent advances in complex and dynamical systems theory and related data mining. The other chapters give various takes on policy and decision making in this context. Written in nontechnical style throughout, with a mix of tutorial and essay-like contributions, this book will benefit all researchers, scientists, professionals and practitioners interested in learning about the 'thinking in complexity' to understand how socio-economic systems really work.

Social Emergence In International Relations

Author: Maren Wagner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319335510
Size: 78.15 MB
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This book presents a conceptualization of social emergence in international relations as a novel angle to analyse institutional dynamics in East Asia, introducing the concept of emergence from a critical realist perspective. The author examines East Asia’s characteristic mesh work of regional institutions that affect integrative processes and regional policies, exploring how such institutions emerge and acquire their own nature and why this pattern persists over time, an unresolved and contested subject in the field of International Relations. This book suggests that regional institutions are emergent entities of the international system that arise as forms of self-organization by states to achieve certain emergent properties and powers. The author’s approach sheds light on the particular emergent properties and powers of regional institutions and identifies discourse as a key mechanism of social emergence. Besides engaging in relevant questions of the philosophy of science and its methodological implications for studying social emergence in world politics, the book also analyses the concrete case of two East Asian regional institutions: ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Summit. This book will engage scholars and postgraduate students of Asian Studies and International Relations.

Theories Of The Policy Process

Author: Paul A. Sabatier
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0813349273
Size: 45.54 MB
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Theories of the Policy Process provides a forum for experts in the most established and widely used theoretical frameworks in policy process research to present the basic propositions, empirical evidence, latest updates, and promising future research opportunities of each framework. This well-regarded volume covers such enduring classics as Multiple Streams (Herweg et al.), Punctuated Equilibrium (Baumgartner et al.), Advocacy Coalition Framework (Jenkins-Smith et al.), Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (Schlager and Cox), and Policy Diffusion (Berry and Berry), as well as two newer theories-Policy Feedback (Mettler and SoRelle) and Narrative Policy Framework (Shanahan et al.). The fourth edition includes discussion of global and comparative perspectives in each theoretical chapter plus a brand-new chapter that explores how these theories have been adapted for, and employed in, non-American and non-Western contexts. An expanded introduction and revised conclusion fully examines and contextualizes the history, trajectories, and functions of public policy research. Since its first publication in 1999, Theories of the Policy Process has been, and remains, the quintessential gateway to the field of policy process research for students, scholars, and practitioners.

Rural Sustainability

Author: Qing Tian
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319526855
Size: 68.64 MB
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This volume applies the science of complexity to study coupled human-environment systems (CHES) and integrates ideas from the social sciences of climate change into a study of rural development amid flooding and urbanization in the Poyang Lake Region (PLR) of China. Author Qing Tian operationalizes the concept of sustainability and provides useful scientific analyses for sustainable development in less developed rural areas that are vulnerable to climatic hazards. The book uses a new sustainability framework that is centered on the concept of well-being to study rural development in PLR. The PLR study includes three major analyses: (1) a regional assessment of human well-being; (2) an empirical analysis of rural livelihoods; and (3) an agent-based computer model used to explore future rural development. These analyses provide a meaningful view of human development in the Poyang Lake Region and illustrate some of the complex local- and macro-level processes that shape the livelihoods of rural households in the dynamic process of urbanization. They generate useful insights about how government policy might effectively improve the well-being of rural households and promote sustainable development amid social, economic, and environmental changes. This case study has broader implications. Rural populations in the developing world are disproportionally affected by extreme climate events and climate change. Furthermore, the livelihoods of rural households in the developing world are increasingly under the influences of macro-level forces amid urbanization and globalization. This case study demonstrates that rural development policies must consider broader development dynamics at the national (and even global) level, as well as specific local social and environmental contexts. By treating climate as one of many factors that affect development in such places, we can provide policy recommendations that synergistically promote development and reduce climatic impacts and therefore facilitate mainstreaming climate adaptation into development.

Skotein Epeiros

Author: Mark Mazower
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789602212233
Size: 65.47 MB
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Globalisation

Author: Bob Milward
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 45.80 MB
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This title acts as a welcome foil to current thinking on the concept of globalization, which tends to be divided into two distinct camps; one which suggests that the neo-liberal model has triumphed and has no realistic alternative, and another which argues that globalization, in its most extreme form, does not really exist, rather having evolved gradually from the very beginnings of industrialization. indeed there has been a continuum in capitalist development, but that this has been forged by historical processes and the dynamism of the competitive forces of capitalism. Milward identifies the emergence of monopoly capitalism as an important shaping factor, and in so doing sheds new light on issues of underdevelopment, multi-national imperialism and crises in advanced capitalist economies. encompassing a critique of the neo-liberal foundations of orthodox global analysis, should appeal to an extensive audience. Students, researchers and academics in the fields of economics, heterodox economics, economic geography, politics, sociology, development studies, international relations and public policy should find this book a useful resource.

Author: Paul Beatty
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600361088
Size: 59.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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**Βραβείο Man Booker 2016** Μια δηκτική, βαθιά πολιτική σάτιρα για την ταυτότητα της σύγχρονης Αμερικής, ένα μυθιστόρημα που περιγράφει την εκκεντρική ανατροφή ενός Αφροαμερικανού και μια δίκη άνευ προηγουμένου στην ιστορία των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών. Ο αφηγητής, γεννημένος στο «αγροτικό γκέτο» του Ντίκενς στο Λος Άντζελες, αποδέχεται μοιρολατρικά το περιθώριο. Τον μεγαλώνει ο πατέρας του, ένας ιδιόρρυθμος επιστήμονας, ο οποίος τον χρησιμοποιεί ως πειραματόζωο στις αιρετικές ψυχολογικές μελέτες του για τον ρατσισμό. Ο γιος πιστεύει ότι η πρωτοποριακή εργασία του πατέρα –και ένα βιβλίο που θα προκαλέσει αίσθηση, όταν κυκλοφορήσει– θα επιλύσει τα οικονομικά τους προβλήματα. Όταν όμως αστυνομικοί σκοτώνουν τον πατέρα του, ο πρωταγωνιστής συνειδητοποιεί ότι το μόνο που έχει στα χέρια του είναι ο λογαριασμός μιας κηδείας. Παρακινημένος από την ματαίωση και την παρακμή του τόπου του, αναλαμβάνει μια εξωφρενική πρωτοβουλία: την επαναφορά της δουλείας και του φυλετικού διαχωρισμού, πράγμα που θα τον οδηγήσει ως κατηγορούμενο στο Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο της χώρας. Ο Πουλημένος του Πωλ Μπέιτι σηματοδοτεί το δημιουργικό αποκορύφωμα ενός ιδιοφυούς συγγραφέα. Το βιβλίο τιμήθηκε με το Βραβείο Booker 2016. Το 2015 απέσπασε το Εθνικό Βραβείο του Κύκλου των Κριτικών στις ΗΠΑ. «Ο Πουλημένος είναι ένα μυθιστόρημα για την εποχή μας. Μια σύγχρονη σάτιρα, ακούραστη και ευφάνταστη, το χιούμορ της οποίας μεταμφιέζει τη ριζοσπαστική σοβαρότητα του συγγραφέα της. Ο Πωλ Μπέιτι εξουδετερώνει με τρόπο αχαλίνωτο τις “ιερές αγελάδες” και βάζει στο στόχαστρό του τα φυλετικά και πολιτικά ταμπού με οξύνοια, ζωντάνια και αμεσότητα». ΑΜΑΝΤΑ ΦΟΡΜΑΝ, πρόεδρος της κριτικής επιτροπής του Βραβείου Booker 2016 «Οι εκατό πρώτες σελίδες του Πουλημένου είναι οι πιο καυστικές και ζόρικες σε αμερικανικό μυθιστόρημα τα τελευταία δέκα χρόνια τουλάχιστον... Τα αστεία σε χτυπάνε κατευθείαν στο στομάχι... Οι αυτοσχεδιασμοί είναι ασταμάτητοι σε αυτό το σατιρικό, βαθυστόχαστο μυθιστόρημα που συνιστά σταθμό». The New York Times «Μια απίστευτη σάτιρα για τη φυλετική ταυτότητα στην Αμερική... Ο Πουλημένος συνδυάζει τη ζωηρή κωμωδία και τη δριμεία κοινωνική κριτική, αλλά το πλέον εντυπωσιακό προτέρημα του βιβλίου είναι η ολοζώντανη ανθρωπιά των χαρακτήρων του». The New Yorker «Ένα αστείο και τολμηρό βιβλίο που ανατρέπει τις επιζήμιες συμβάσεις της κουλτούρας... Είναι αυτή η συνειδητή ανατροπή... που κάνει αυτό το θαρραλέο και σκληρό μυθιστόρημα τόσο απολαυστικό». The Guardian «Ο Πουλημένος ανήκει στα σημαντικότερα και πλέον δύσκολα αμερικανικά μυθιστορήματα που έχουν γραφτεί στον 21ο αιώνα... Είναι ένα επώδυνο βιβλίο που οι αναγνώστες δύσκολα θα ξεχάσουν». Los Angeles Times