Crusades And Exoduses

Author: Anatoly Fomenko
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1365504859
Size: 28.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 7427
NASA research of Earth-Moon mechanics by astrophysicist Robert Newton leads mathematicians of MSU to a breakthrough in the chronology of the civilization. Crusades and Exoduses disentangles the imbroglio of empires, kingdoms, religious wars, dynasties, battles in Eurasia from the point of view of New Chronology theory. Parallels with events in Europe and Middle East are quite abundant. We are being told that after some 1000 years of sound sleep Europeans suddenly woke up as Christians to the hilt, armed themselves, and started touring-crusading Middle East during 200 years to punish at last tormentors of Jesus, searching for the Saint Sepulcher, Grails, spears, and finished their tour with a bang by sacking Constantinople allegedly in 1204 A.D. Local populations became Muslims, crusaded back and built a Caliphate that span from Arabia to Morocco and North Africa. Was it really so?

The Politically Incorrect Guide To Islam And The Crusades

Author: Robert Spencer
Publisher: Regnery Publishing
ISBN: 0895260131
Size: 30.27 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1741
Presents a critical analysis of the differences between Christianity and Islam and maintains that Islam contains a political agenda which endorses violence and aggression against non-Muslims.

Templar Knight Vs Mamluk Warrior

Author: David Campbell
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472813340
Size: 68.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 657
Step into the violent world of the 13th century, where the European states of the Levant battled with Muslim powers for control of Jerusalem. At the cutting edge of the conflict were the elite fighting men of the Crusader and Egyptian armies ? the Knights Templar and the Mamluks, respectively. The Templars were the most famous and formidable of the European Military Orders, while the Mamluks were a slave caste whose fighting prowess had elevated them to the point of holding real political power, threatening their Ayyubid masters who relied on them so desperately for military success. This book draws on the latest research to tell the story of three key engagements from the Fifth Crusade to the Seventh Crusade. It reveals the extraordinary ferocity with which these battles were fought, and how the struggle between Templar and Mamluk came to shape the political future of the region.

The Cult Of St Anna In Byzantium

Author: Eirini Panou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317036794
Size: 64.95 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 6453
The Cult of St Anna in Byzantium is the first undertaking in Byzantine research to study the phenomenon of St Anna’s cult from the sixth to the fifteenth centuries. It was prompted by the need to enrich our knowledge of a female saint who had already been studied in the West but remained virtually unknown in Eastern Christendom. It focuses on a figure little-studied in scholarship and examines the formation, establishment and promotion of an apocryphal saint who made her way to the pantheon of Orthodox saints. Visual and material culture, relics and texts track the gradual social and ideological transformation of Byzantium from early Christianity until the fifteenth century. This book not only examines various aspects of early Christian and Byzantine civilisation, but also investigates how the cult of saints greatly influenced cultural changes in order to suit theological, social and political demands. The cult of St Anna influenced many diverse elements of Christian life in Constantinople, including the creation of sacred spaces and the location of haghiasmata (fountains of holy water) in the city; imperial patronage; the social reception of St Anna’s story; and relic narratives. This monograph breaks new ground in explaining how and why Byzantium and the Orthodox Church attributed scriptural authority to a minor figure known only from a non-canonical work.

Journal Of Medieval Military History

Author: Clifford J. Rogers
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 9780851159096
Size: 61.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 221
A new annual volume of original articles on all aspects of warfare in the middle ages.

History Of The World Christian Movement

Author: Dale T. Irvin
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780567088666
Size: 33.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6448
This thorough, lucid, solidly researched book, the first of two volumes, charts the history of global Christianity.

Crusader Warfare Muslims Mongols And The Struggle Against The Crusades

Author: David Nicolle
Publisher: Continuum
ISBN: 9781847251466
Size: 67.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6737
This second volume of "Crusader Warfare" focuses on those non-Christian cultures which were most directly involved in the Crusades. Centering on the Islamic world, the Mongol "World Empire," its fragmented successor states and certain other non-Christian cultures David Nicolle presents many fascinating aspects of warfare and the historical, cultural and economic background of the Islamic military during a much neglected period. In reality the Crusades, and the parallel but separate clash between the Islamic World and the Mongols, resulted from a remarkable variety of political, economic, cultural and religious factors. These campaigns involved an extraordinary array of states, ruling dynasties, ethnic, linguistic and cultural groups as well as the fighting forces associated with these disparate participants. Much current interest in the Crusades reflects the perceived threat of a so-called "clash of civilisations" and, while warnings of such a supposed clash in our own times are based upon a misunderstanding of the natures of both "Western" and "Islamic" civilisations, certain commentators have looked to the medieval Crusades as an earlier example of such a clash. Some have even interpreted the "third force" of the Mongols as somehow prefiguring the role of China, Japan or the Far East as a whole in the today's world.

Encyclopedia Of African History 3 Volume Set

Author: Kevin Shillington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135456690
Size: 64.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 4231
Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.