Computer Vision Techniques For The Diagnosis Of Skin Cancer

Author: Jacob Scharcanski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642396089
Size: 44.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 6807
Download
The goal of this volume is to summarize the state-of-the-art in the utilization of computer vision techniques in the diagnosis of skin cancer. Malignant melanoma is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers in the world. Early diagnosis is particularly important since melanoma can be cured with a simple excision if detected early. In recent years, dermoscopy has proved valuable in visualizing the morphological structures in pigmented lesions. However, it has also been shown that dermoscopy is difficult to learn and subjective. Newer technologies such as infrared imaging, multispectral imaging, and confocal microscopy, have recently come to the forefront in providing greater diagnostic accuracy. These imaging technologies presented in this book can serve as an adjunct to physicians and provide automated skin cancer screening. Although computerized techniques cannot as yet provide a definitive diagnosis, they can be used to improve biopsy decision-making as well as early melanoma detection, especially for patients with multiple atypical nevi.

Dermoscopy Image Analysis

Author: M. Emre Celebi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482253275
Size: 68.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5719
Download
Dermoscopy is a noninvasive skin imaging technique that uses optical magnification and either liquid immersion or cross-polarized lighting to make subsurface structures more easily visible when compared to conventional clinical images. It allows for the identification of dozens of morphological features that are particularly important in identifying malignant melanoma. Dermoscopy Image Analysis summarizes the state of the art of the computerized analysis of dermoscopy images. The book begins by discussing the influence of color normalization on classification accuracy and then: Investigates gray-world, max-RGB, and shades-of-gray color constancy algorithms, showing significant gains in sensitivity and specificity on a heterogeneous set of images Proposes a new color space that highlights the distribution of underlying melanin and hemoglobin color pigments, leading to more accurate classification and border detection results Determines that the latest border detection algorithms can achieve a level of agreement that is only slightly lower than the level of agreement among experienced dermatologists Provides a comprehensive review of various methods for border detection, pigment network extraction, global pattern extraction, streak detection, and perceptually significant color detection Details a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for melanomas that features an inexpensive acquisition tool, clinically meaningful features, and interpretable classification feedback Presents a highly scalable CAD system implemented in the MapReduce framework, a novel CAD system for melanomas, and an overview of dermatological image databases Describes projects that made use of a publicly available database of dermoscopy images, which contains 200 high-quality images along with their medical annotations Dermoscopy Image Analysis not only showcases recent advances but also explores future directions for this exciting subfield of medical image analysis, covering dermoscopy image analysis from preprocessing to classification.

Advances In Systems Control And Automation

Author: Avinash Konkani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811047626
Size: 78.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4053
Download
This book comprises the select proceedings of the ETAEERE 2016 conference. The book aims to shed light on different systems or machines along with their complex operation, behaviors, and linear–nonlinear relationship in different environments. It covers problems of multivariable control systems and provides the necessary background for performing research in the field of control and automation. Aimed at helping readers understand the classical and modern design of different intelligent automated systems, the book presents coverage on the control of linear and nonlinear systems, intelligent systems, stochastic control, knowledge-based systems applications, fault diagnosis and tolerant control, real-time control applications, etc. The contents of this volume will prove useful to researchers and professionals alike.

Simulations In Medicine

Author: Irena Roterman-Konieczna
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110406349
Size: 39.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3174
Download
This book describes biological and medical phenomena and how they can be virtually simulated by breaking them down into basic principles. It introduces a wide spectrum of applications, from molecules, tissues, and organs up to the whole body, with a focus on how to use and interpret these simulations. The book is complemented by topics such as serious games and distance medicine.

Skin Cancer And Uv Radiation

Author: Peter Altmeyer
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN:
Size: 73.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1133
Download
This book provides a detailed review of the field of skin cancer and UV radiation and is an excerpt of the International Congress on Skin Cancer and UV Radiation held in Bochum/Germany in October 1996. After presenting the basic aspects of UV radiation and its effect on human skin, the reader is introduced to various fields relating to skin cancer and sun light: risk factors, prevention, sun protection, screening, and diagnostics of skin cancer. Finally, different skin cancer therapies and treatment modalities are presented, compared, and discussed. The book also covers the field of photobiology and phototherapy by giving an overview of the basic aspects as well as the latest results in research and clinical medicine.

Multi Modality State Of The Art Medical Image Segmentation And Registration Methodologies

Author: Ayman S. El-Baz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441981950
Size: 79.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1154
Download
With the advances in image guided surgery for cancer treatment, the role of image segmentation and registration has become very critical. The central engine of any image guided surgery product is its ability to quantify the organ or segment the organ whether it is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), X-ray, PET, SPECT, Ultrasound, and Molecular imaging modality. Sophisticated segmentation algorithms can help the physicians delineate better the anatomical structures present in the input images, enhance the accuracy of medical diagnosis and facilitate the best treatment planning system designs. The focus of this book in towards the state of the art techniques in the area of image segmentation and registration.

Advanced Biomedical And Clinical Diagnostic Systems

Author: Tuan Vo-Dinh
Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN: 9780819465436
Size: 45.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 972
Download
Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.