Computational Solid Mechanics

Author: Marco L. Bittencourt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439860017
Size: 54.14 MB
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Presents a Systematic Approach for Modeling Mechanical Models Using Variational Formulation—Uses Real-World Examples and Applications of Mechanical Models Utilizing material developed in a classroom setting and tested over a 12-year period, Computational Solid Mechanics: Variational Formulation and High-Order Approximation details an approach that establishes a logical sequence for the treatment of any mechanical problem. Incorporating variational formulation based on the principle of virtual work, this text considers various aspects of mechanical models, explores analytical mechanics and their variational principles, and presents model approximations using the finite element method. It introduces the basics of mechanics for one-, two-, and three-dimensional models, emphasizes the simplification aspects required in their formulation, and provides relevant applications. Introduces Approximation Concepts Gradually throughout the Chapters Organized into ten chapters, this text provides a clear separation of formulation and finite element approximation. It details standard procedures to formulate and approximate models, while at the same time illustrating their application via software. Chapter one provides a general introduction to variational formulation and an overview of the mechanical models to be presented in the other chapters. Chapter two uses the concepts on equilibrium that readers should have to introduce basic notions on kinematics, duality, virtual work, and the PVW. Chapters three to ten present mechanical models, approximation and applications to bars, shafts, beams, beams with shear, general two- and three-dimensional beams, solids, plane models, and generic torsion and plates. Learn Theory Step by Step In each chapter, the material profiles all aspects of a specific mechanical model, and uses the same sequence of steps for all models. The steps include kinematics, strain, rigid body deformation, internal loads, external loads, equilibrium, constitutive equations, and structural design. The text uses MATLAB® scripts to calculate analytic and approximated solutions of the considered mechanical models. Computational Solid Mechanics: Variational Formulation and High Order Approximation presents mechanical models, their main hypothesis, and applications, and is intended for graduate and undergraduate engineering students taking courses in solid mechanics.

Finite Element Applications

Author: Michael Okereke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319671251
Size: 61.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This textbook demonstrates the application of the finite element philosophy to the solution of real-world problems and is aimed at graduate level students, but is also suitable for advanced undergraduate students. An essential part of an engineer’s training is the development of the skills necessary to analyse and predict the behaviour of engineering systems under a wide range of potentially complex loading conditions. Only a small proportion of real-life problems can be solved analytically, and consequently, there arises the need to be able to use numerical methods capable of simulating real phenomena accurately. The finite element (FE) method is one such widely used numerical method. Finite Element Applications begins with demystifying the ‘black box’ of finite element solvers and progresses to addressing the different pillars that make up a robust finite element solution framework. These pillars include: domain creation, mesh generation and element formulations, boundary conditions, and material response considerations. Readers of this book will be equipped with the ability to develop models of real-world problems using industry-standard finite element packages.

Nonlinear Solid Mechanics

Author: Adnan Ibrahimbegovic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048123305
Size: 13.27 MB
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This book offers a recipe for constructing the numerical models for representing the complex nonlinear behavior of structures and their components, represented as deformable solid bodies. Its appeal extends to those interested in linear problems of mechanics.

Computational Fluid And Solid Mechanics

Author: K.J. Bathe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080552811
Size: 31.91 MB
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The MIT mission - "to bring together Industry and Academia and to nurture the next generation in computational mechanics is of great importance to reach the new level of mathematical modeling and numerical solution and to provide an exciting research environment for the next generation in computational mechanics." Mathematical modeling and numerical solution is today firmly established in science and engineering. Research conducted in almost all branches of scientific investigations and the design of systems in practically all disciplines of engineering can not be pursued effectively without, frequently, intensive analysis based on numerical computations. The world we live in has been classified by the human mind, for descriptive and analysis purposes, to consist of fluids and solids, continua and molecules; and the analyses of fluids and solids at the continuum and molecular scales have traditionally been pursued separately. Fundamentally, however, there are only molecules and particles for any material that interact on the microscopic and macroscopic scales. Therefore, to unify the analysis of physical systems and to reach a deeper understanding of the behavior of nature in scientific investigations, and of the behavior of designs in engineering endeavors, a new level of analysis is necessary. This new level of mathematical modeling and numerical solution does not merely involve the analysis of a single medium but must encompass the solution of multi-physics problems involving fluids, solids, and their interactions, involving multi-scale phenomena from the molecular to the macroscopic scales, and must include uncertainties in the given data and the solution results. Nature does not distinguish between fluids and solids and does not ever repeat itself exactly. This new level of analysis must also include, in engineering, the effective optimization of systems, and the modeling and analysis of complete life spans of engineering products, from design to fabrication, to possibly multiple repairs, to end of service.

Variational Methods In The Mechanics Of Solids

Author: S. Nemat-Nasser
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483145832
Size: 26.16 MB
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Variational Methods in the Mechanics of Solids contains the proceedings of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Symposium on Variational Methods in the Mechanics of Solids, held at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, on September 11-13, 1978. The papers focus on advances in the application of variational methods to a variety of mathematically and technically significant problems in solid mechanics. The discussions are organized around three themes: thermomechanical behavior of composites, elastic and inelastic boundary value problems, and elastic and inelastic dynamic problems. This book is comprised of 58 chapters and opens by addressing some questions of asymptotic expansions connected with composite and with perforated materials. The following chapters explore mathematical and computational methods in plasticity; variational irreversible thermodynamics of open physical-chemical continua; macroscopic behavior of elastic material with periodically spaced rigid inclusions; and application of the Lanczos method to structural vibration. Finite deformation of elastic beams and complementary theorems of solid mechanics are also considered, along with numerical contact elastostatics; periodic solutions in plasticity and viscoplasticity; and the convergence of the mixed finite element method in linear elasticity. This monograph will appeal to practitioners of mathematicians as well as theoretical and applied mechanics.

Multiscale Modeling In Solid Mechanics

Author: Ugo Galvanetto
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908978619
Size: 27.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This unique volume presents the state of the art in the field of multiscale modeling in solid mechanics, with particular emphasis on computational approaches. For the first time, contributions from both leading experts in the field and younger promising researchers are combined to give a comprehensive description of the recently proposed techniques and the engineering problems tackled using these techniques. The book begins with a detailed introduction to the theories on which different multiscale approaches are based, with regards to linear Homogenisation as well as various nonlinear approaches. It then presents advanced applications of multiscale approaches applied to nonlinear mechanical problems. Finally, the novel topic of materials with self-similar structure is discussed. Contents:Computational Homogenisation for Non-Linear Heterogeneous Solids (V G Kouznetsova et al.) Two-Scale Asymptotic Homogenisation-Based Finite Element Analysis of Composite Materials (Q-Z Xiao & B L Karihaloo)Multi-Scale Boundary Element Modelling of Material Degradation and Fracture (G K Sfantos & M H Aliabadi)Non-Uniform Transformation Field Analysis: A Reduced Model for Multiscale Non-Linear Problems in Solid Mechanics (J-C Michel & P Suquet)Multiscale Approach for the Thermomechanical Analysis of Hierarchical Structures (M J Lefik et al.)Recent Advances in Masonry Modelling: Micro-Modelling and Homogenisation (P B Lourenço)Mechanics of Materials with Self-Similar Hierarchical Microstructure (R C Picu & M A Soare) Readership: Researchers and academics in the field of heterogeneous materials and mechanical engineering; professionals in aeronautical engineering and materials science. Keywords:Multiscale Modeling;Computational Mechanics;Solid Mechanics;Heterogeneous Materials;Finite ElementsKey Features:Describes the state of the art of multiscale methods in mechanicsIncludes a large variety of applications and examples in different fields of engineeringExplains the different approaches carefully

The Finite Element Method In Engineering

Author: Singiresu S. Rao
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128143649
Size: 66.38 MB
Format: PDF
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The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Sixth Edition, provides a thorough grounding in the mathematical principles behind the Finite Element Analysis technique—an analytical engineering tool originated in the 1960's by the aerospace and nuclear power industries to find usable, approximate solutions to problems with many complex variables. Rao shows how to set up finite element solutions in civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering applications. The new edition features updated real-world examples from MATLAB, Ansys and Abaqus, and a new chapter on additional FEM topics including extended FEM (X-FEM). Professional engineers will benefit from the introduction to the many useful applications of finite element analysis. Includes revised and updated chapters on MATLAB, Ansys and Abaqus Offers a new chapter, Additional Topics in Finite Element Method Includes discussion of practical considerations, errors and pitfalls in FEM singularity elements Features a brief presentation of recent developments in FEM including extended FEM (X-FEM), augmented FEM (A-FEM) and partition of unity FEM (POUFEM) Features improved pedagogy, including the addition of more design-oriented and practical examples and problems Covers real-life applications, sample review questions at the end of most chapters, and updated references

Recent Developments And Innovative Applications In Computational Mechanics

Author: Dana Mueller-Hoeppe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642174841
Size: 76.40 MB
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This Festschrift is dedicated to Professor Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Wriggers on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It contains contributions from friends and collaborators as well as current and former PhD students from almost all continents. As a very diverse group of people, the authors cover a wide range of topics from fundamental research to industrial applications: contact mechanics, finite element technology, micromechanics, multiscale approaches, particle methods, isogeometric analysis, stochastic methods and further research interests. In summary, the volume presents an overview of the international state of the art in computational mechanics, both in academia and industry.