Climbing The Limitless Ladder

Author: C. N. R. Rao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814307866
Size: 51.66 MB
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`This invaluable book is an autobiographical account of doing scientific research in India. It provides an insight to the perseverance of a scientist from a developing country. His relentless pursuit of excellence in chemistry for more than half a century is a remarkable source of inspiration to young scientists facing modern-day challenges.

New Directions In Solid State Chemistry 2nd Edition Edition En Anglais

Author: C. N. R. Rao
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521499071
Size: 78.41 MB
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In the new edition of this widely praised textbook the authors have brought the work completely up to date by the addition of new material on numerous topics, and all of the chapters have been revised. In recent years, solid state chemistry has become a vital component of mainstream chemistry and materials science. Students, teachers and researchers need to understand the chemistry of solids because of the crucial role this plays in determining the properties of materials. An understanding of solid state chemistry is also essential in materials design, and chemists continue to discover many fascinating relationships between the structure and properties of solids. This text requires only an understanding of basic physics, chemistry and crystallography, and contains the most recent examples, case studies and references. It will be a valuable reference for advanced students and researchers studying solid state chemistry and materials science.

Chemistry

Author: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908977620
Size: 48.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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What do you associate with chemistry? Explosions, innovative materials, plastics, pollution? The public's confused and contradictory conception of chemistry as basic science, industrial producer and polluter contributes to what we present in this book as chemistry's image as an impure science. Historically, chemistry has always been viewed as impure both in terms of its academic status and its role in transforming modern society. While exploring the history of this science we argue for a characteristic philosophical approach that distinguishes chemistry from physics. This reflection leads us to a philosophical stance that we characterise as operational realism. In this new expanded edition we delve deeper into the questions of properties and potentials that are so important for this philosophy that is based on the manipulation of matter rather than the construction of theories. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Introduction: Chemistry and Its Discontents (61 KB) Contents: Introduction: Chemistry and Its DiscontentsChemistry and PollutionThe Damnation of the AlchemistThe Space of the LaboratoryProof in the LaboratoryChemistry Creates Its ObjectA Duel between Two Conceptions of MatterChemistry versus PhysicsAtoms or ElementsPositivism and ChemistryAtoms as FictionsAgency and RelationsTaming the NanoworldTowards a Responsible Chemistry Readership: Students, professionals, graduate of chemistry and philosophy. Keywords:Philosophy of Chemistry;History of ChemistryKey Features:It is accessible to a wide range of readersIt treats the philosophy of chemistry by means of a new approachIt provides the means for contextualizing current concerns with the chemical industryReviews:“We can learn a great deal that has hitherto remained hidden – not just about chemistry of the past, but about its promise and perils for the future. This is a book that will instruct and enlighten not just historians and philosophers of science, but also chemists (both in training and in practice).”Alan J. Rocke Distinguished University Professor of History Case Western Reserve University Reviews of the First Edition: “In this book Bensaude-Vincent and Simon offer up a refreshing and innovative introduction to the history and philosophy of chemistry, the like of which is not to be found anywhere in the extant literature … the authors locate chemistry squarely in the material and social worlds of its practices, and a sustained commitment to that contextualization gives their philosophical discourse a distinctive flavour. This book is not only an exciting addition to the literature in the history and philosophy of chemistry, but a great contribution to the philosophy and history of science and technology in general.” Hasok Chang Hans Rausing Professor of History and Philosophy of Science University of Cambridge “In clear and simple prose the authors provide a richly historically-informed interpretation of the philosophy of chemistry for student and scholar alike. Underlying the whole book such apparent contradictions as the tension between beneficial claims and environmental criticisms are treated as fruitful sources of insight for a new perspective on science.”Dr Robert Bud Keeper of Science and Medicine The Science Museum, London

Lives And Times Of Great Pioneers In Chemistry

Author: C N R Rao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814689076
Size: 18.41 MB
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' Chemical science has made major advances in the last few decades and has gradually transformed in to a highly multidisciplinary subject that is exciting academically and at the same time beneficial to human kind. In this context, we owe much to the foundations laid by great pioneers of chemistry who contributed new knowledge and created new directions. This book presents the lives and times of 21 great chemists starting from Lavoisier (18th century) and ending with Sanger. Then, there are stories of the great Faraday (19th century) and of the 20th century geniuses G N Lewis and Linus Pauling. The material in the book is presented in the form of stories describing important aspects of the lives of these great personalities, besides highlighting their contributions to chemistry. It is hoped that the book will provide enjoyable reading and also inspiration to those who wish to understand the secret of the creativity of these great chemists. Contents:Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743–1794) — Father of ChemistryJohn Dalton (1766–1844) — Proponent of the Concept of the AtomHumphry Davy (1778–1829) — The Great Discoverer and Showman)Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779–1848) — Swedish Pioneer Who Wrote the First Chemistry TextbookMichael Faraday (1791–1867) — The Greatest Scientist of All TimeFriedrich Wöhler (1800–1882) — The One Who Made the First Organic CompoundAugust Kekule (1829–1896) — First to Predict Organic StructuresDmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (1834–1907) — Designer of the Greatest TableJacobus Henricus van''t Hoff (1852–1911) — First Nobel Laureate in ChemistryEmil Fischer (1852–1919) — A Multi-Faceted Organic ChemistWilhelm Ostwald (1853–1932) — High Priest of Physical ChemistrySvante Arrhenius (1859–1927) — Some Compounds Dissociate, and Some Cause Climate ChangeAlfred Werner (1866–1919) — Inorganic KekuleRichard Willstätter (1872–1942) — Ecstasy and Agony of WillstätterGilbert Newton Lewis (1875–1946) — The 20th Century Chemical Genius who Did Not Get the PrizeRobert Robinson (1886–1975) — The Quintessential Organic ChemistChristopher Kelk Ingold (1893–1970) — Founder of Physical Organic ChemistryHenry Eyring (1901–1981) — A Simple Man with an Active MindLinus Pauling (1901–1994) — The Irrepressible Scientist and Crusader, with Two Unshared Nobel PrizesRobert Burns Woodward (1917–1979) — Artist in Organic SynthesisFrederick Sanger (1918–2013) — A Modest Man with Two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry Readership: Students and teachers of chemistry, young scientists and chemists. Keywords:Chemists;Chemical History;Chemical Pioneers'

The Story Of Numbers

Author: Mallik Asok Kumar
Publisher: #N/A
ISBN: 9813222948
Size: 35.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is more than a mathematics textbook. It discusses various kinds of numbers and curious interconnections between them. Without getting into hardcore and difficult mathematical technicalities, the book lucidly introduces all kinds of numbers that mathematicians have created. Interesting anecdotes involving great mathematicians and their marvelous creations are included. The reader will get a glimpse of the thought process behind the invention of new mathematics. Starting from natural numbers, the book discusses integers, real numbers, imaginary and complex numbers and some special numbers like quaternions, dual numbers and p-adic numbers. Real numbers include rational, irrational and transcendental numbers. Iterations on real numbers are shown to throw up some unexpected behavior, which has given rise to the new science of "Chaos". Special numbers like e, pi, golden ratio, Euler's constant, Gauss's constant, amongst others, are discussed in great detail. The origin of imaginary numbers and the use of complex numbers constitute the next topic. It is shown why modern mathematics cannot even be imagined without imaginary numbers. Iterations on complex numbers are shown to generate a new mathematical object called 'Fractal', which is ubiquitous in nature. Finally, some very special numbers, not mentioned in the usual textbooks, and their applications, are introduced at an elementary level. The level of mathematics discussed in this book is easily accessible to young adults interested in mathematics, high school students, and adults having some interest in basic mathematics. The book concentrates more on the story than on rigorous mathematics.

Understanding Basic Chemistry Through Problem Solving

Author: Kim Seng Chan
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813209798
Size: 12.12 MB
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This book is the revised edition of Understanding Basic Chemistry Through Problem Solving published in 2015. It is in a series of Understanding Chemistry books, which deals with Basic Chemistry using the problem solving approach. Written for students taking either the university of Cambridge O-level examinations or the GCSE examinations, this guidebook covers essential topics and concepts under both stipulated chemistry syllabi. The book is written in such a way as to guide the reader through the understanding and applications of essential chemical concepts using the problem solving approach. The authors have also retained the popular discourse feature from their previous few books — Understanding Advanced Physical Inorganic Chemistry, Understanding Advanced Organic and Analytical Chemistry, Understanding Advanced Chemistry Through Problem Solving, and Understanding Basic Chemistry — to help the learners better understand and see for themselves, how the concepts should be applied during solving problems. Based on the Socratic Method, questions are implanted throughout the book to help facilitate the reader's development in forming logical conclusions of concepts and the way they are being applied to explain the problems. In addition, the authors have also included important summaries and concept maps to help the learners to recall, remember, reinforce and apply the fundamental chemical concepts in a simple way. Request Inspection Copy

Candid Science Iii

Author: István Hargittai
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783261110
Size: 80.48 MB
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In this invaluable book, 36 famous chemists, including 18 Nobel laureates, tell the reader about their lives in science, the beginnings of their careers, their aspirations, and their hardships and triumphs. The reader will learn about their seminal discoveries, and the conversations in the book bring out the humanity of these great scientists. Highlighted in the stories are the discovery of new elements and compounds, the VSEPR model, computational chemistry, organic synthesis, natural products, polysaccharides, supramolecular chemistry, peptide synthesis, combinatorial chemistry, X-ray crystallography, the reaction mechanism and kinetics, electron transfer in small and large systems, non-equilibrium systems, oscillating reactions, atmospheric chemistry, chirality, and the history of chemistry. Contents: Glenn T SeaborgWilliam N LipscombNeil BartlettRonald J GillespieLawrence S BartellPaul von Rague SchleyerAlbert EschenmoserGilbert StorkEndre A BalazsAlfred BaderJacquelin K BartonAd BaxDonald J CramJean-Marie LehnBruce MerrifieldArpad FurkaGuy OurissonMildred CohnPaul D BoyerJohn E WalkerHerbert A HauptmanJack D DunitzHartmut MichelJohann DeisenhoferRobert HuberManfred EigenJohn C PolanyiDudley R HerschbachHenry TaubeRudolph A MarcusIlya PrigogineAnatol M ZhabotinskyRichard N ZarePaul J CrutzenReiko KurodaStephen Mason Readership: Chemists and other scientists. Keywords:Chemistry;Nobel Prize;History of Chemistry;Famous ChemistsReviews:“This book makes interesting light reading, especially for chemists who have watched the field develop over the past 30 to 60 years … it makes a worthwhile contribution to the oral history of science, and I recommend it for both libraries and individuals.”Nature “István Hargittai's interviews with eminent scientists are a lively and important way of entering the minds of prominent chemists … this makes a wonderful bedside book that attractively opens up a gallery of people, and a window onto the development of science.”Chemistry & Industry “I have come back to these interviews time after time after my first read through. It's always inspiring to read about people who are good at what they do. To paraphrase Jack Dunitz, if you want value for your money in a predictable way, I think Hargittai's book is a good value. I strongly recommend it.”Southwest Retort “Hargittai has done a superb job in selecting both chemical topics and appropriate interview subjects who know the topics first-hand … Candid Science III is an interesting source of information on both current and recent chemistry and its practitioners, from a first-hand perspective of those practitioners. It also promises to be a valuable sourcebook for historians of the chemistry of this time.”The Alchemist, The ChemWeb Magazine “I recommend this useful volume, suitable for complete reading or browsing, not only to historians of chemistry and science but also to practicing chemists and students, who will benefit from these inspiring stories by some of chemistry's most eminent contributors.”Chemical Heritage “I recommend this handy volume, admirably suited for complete reading or browsing, not only to historians of chemistry and of science but also to practicing scientists, especially beginning ones, as well as to students, who will surely benefit from these inspiring stories by some of chemistry's leading luminaries.”The Chemical Educator

Fighting Fire

Author: Caroline Paul
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312970000
Size: 34.30 MB
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One of the first women to join the San Francisco Fire Department shares her harrowing experiences with fire, as well as the daily routine of the firehouse and the adrenaline rush that comes from risking one's life

Voyage Through Time

Author: Ahmed Zewail
Publisher: American University in Cairo Press
ISBN: 1617972460
Size: 70.85 MB
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From a beginning in an Egyptian Delta town and the port of Alexandria to the scenic vistas of sunny southern California, Ahmed Zewail takes us on a voyage through time his own life and the split-second world of the femtosecond. In this engaging expos? of his life and work until his receipt of the Nobel Prize in 1999, Zewail explores in non-technical language the landscape of molecules glimpsed on the scale of one quadrillionth of a second: the femtosecond, 0. 000 000 000 000 001 second. Zewail enriches the journey into the strange territory of femtochemistry with insightful analogies and illustrations to aid both the general reader and the scientifically inclined. He likewise draws lessons from his life story so far, and he meditates on the impact the revolution in science has had on our modern world in both developed and developing countries. He suggests a concrete course of action for the world of the have-nots, and ends the book with hope for Egypt in developing the nation's greatest natural resource its youth to build a more promising future, and for America to develop a new vision domestically and internationally.