Essentials Of Chemical Biology

Author: Andrew D. Miller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118687833
Size: 26.39 MB
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“This excellent work fills the need for an upper-level graduate course resource that examines the latest biochemical, biophysical, and molecular biological methods for analyzing the structures and physical properties of biomolecules… This reviewer showed [the book] to several of his senior graduate students, and they unanimously gave the book rave reviews. Summing Up: Highly recommended…” CHOICE Chemical biology is a rapidly developing branch of chemistry, which sets out to understand the way biology works at the molecular level. Fundamental to chemical biology is a detailed understanding of the syntheses, structures and behaviours of biological macromolecules and macromolecular lipid assemblies that together represent the primary constituents of all cells and all organisms. The subject area of chemical biology bridges many different disciplines and is fast becoming an integral part of academic and commercial research. This textbook is designed specifically as a key teaching resource for chemical biology that is intended to build on foundations lain down by introductory physical and organic chemistry courses. This book is an invaluable text for advanced undergraduates taking biological, bioorganic, organic and structural chemistry courses. It is also of interest to biochemists and molecular biologists, as well as professionals within the medical and pharmaceutical industry. Key Features: A comprehensive introduction to this dynamic area of chemistry, which will equip chemists for the task of understanding and studying the underlying principles behind the functioning of biological macro molecules, macromolecular lipid assemblies and cells. Covers many basic concepts and ideas associated with the study of the interface between chemistry and biology. Includes pedagogical features such as: key examples, glossary of equations, further reading and links to websites. Clearly written and richly illustrated in full colour.

Chemical Biology Of Glycoproteins

Author: Zhongping Tan
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782623337
Size: 15.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Glycans play a vital role in modulating protein structure and function from involvement in protein folding, solubility and stability to regulation of tissue distribution, recognition specificity, and biological activity. They can act as both positive and negative regulators of protein function, providing an additional level of control with respect to genetic and environmental conditions. Due to the complexity of glycosylated protein forms, elucidating structural and functional information has been challenging task for researchers but recent development of chemical biology-based tools and techniques is bridging these knowledge gaps. This book provides a thorough review of the current state of glycoprotein chemical biology, describing the development and application of glycoprotein and glycan synthesis technologies for understanding and manipulating protein glycosylation.

Chemical Biology

Author: Herbert Waldmann
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527307784
Size: 60.81 MB
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Take your first steps in combinatorial synthesis or synthesize bioactive molecules such as antibiotics. Search for mutations in DNA using chemical probes or perform a proteome analysis in yeast. The present selection of 12 inspiring experiments is tailored for maximum learning effect at minimal expense of time and equipment. Almost all currently used laboratory techniques in synthesis and analysis of bioactive compounds are represented at least once. Abundant practical hints are complemented by a thorough treatment of the underlying theory and mechanisms.

Chemical Biology

Author: H Gobind Khorana
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814496650
Size: 17.94 MB
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The first two chapters of this invaluable book trace the developments of the chemistry and macromolecular structures, respectively, of proteins and nuclei acids. Similarly, the introductions to the succeeding chapters review, step by step, the historical landmarks in the topics covered. These include discoveries of biological phosphate esters, nucleotides and nucleotide coenzymes (important in intermediary metabolism), the nature of the genetic material and biological synthesis of proteins, formulation of the problem of the genetic code, and perspectives on bioenergetics. The selected papers illustrate the developments of the chemical synthesis of nucleotides and nucleotide coenzymes of ribo- and deoxy-ribo-polynucleotides (RNA, DNA), of the total synthesis of genes in the laboratory, and principles for gene amplification (PCR). Another major section covers studies of enzymes that degrade nucleic acids, the structure of transfer RNA and its role in protein synthesis, and the author's work on the elucidation of the genetic code. Finally, there are descriptions of the studies on biological membranes and the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin, a biological proton pump. These studies elucidated the mechanism of proton translocation, which is central to bioenergetics. Contents:Development of the Chemistry and Macromolecular Structures of ProteinsDevelopment of the Chemistry and Macromolecular Structures of Nucleic AcidsCarbodiimides as Synthetic ReagentsPhosphoric Acid Esters in Intermediary Metalbolism: Development of Methods for Their SynthesisChemical Synthesis of PolynucleotidesEnzymes That Degrade Nuclei AcidsThe Genetic Code: (A) Specificity in Protein Synthesis, The Transfer Ribonucleic AcidsThe Genetic Code: (B) Basic Features and Codon AssignmentsThe Total Synthesis of GenesGene Amplification (PCR)Bionergetics: Bacteriorhodopsin, a Light-Driven Proton Pump Readership: Researchers and students in organic chemistry, biochemistry, biophysics, molecular genetics and biotechnology. Keywords:Protein Chemistry;Nucleic Acids Chemistry;Carbodiimides;Organic Synthesis Reagents;ATP and High Energy Phosphates;Nucleic Acid Synthesis;Protein Biosynthesis;Genetic Code;Synthesis of Functional Genes;Development of PCR;Bioenergetics;BacteriorhodopsinReviews: “Khorana has been a leading scientist during a crucial period in the development of molecular biology and he intimately knew the people who influenced the field. He brings to this book the view of a chemist and he emphasizes the potential of organic chemistry in biology. This is a very important book for young scientists in the fields of molecular biology, genetics and medical science.” Amos Panet Professor of Cancer Research The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel “Khorana is unique in his mastery of molecular biology, enzymology and organic chemistry. Only in this beautifully organized and illustrated volume can one find such a lively synthesis of these disciplines from the first synthesis of a gene to the mechanism in bioenergetics.” Arthur Kornberg Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry Stanford University School of Medicine “These pages present the beginnings of chemical gene synthesis, as described by its principal architect and builder, and accompanied by his perspectives on this exciting formative period in molecular biology.” Paul Zamecnik MD, Senior Scientist, Massachusetts General Hospital Emeritus Professor of Oncologic Medicine, Harvard Medical School Director Emeritus Huntington Laboratories, Harvard University “Through original research papers and historical overviews, this book demonstrates how studies on the basic chemistry of nucleic acids and their components, from as early as the 1950s, have been fundamental to solving the genetic code and the chemical synthesis of genes. As the book progresses to more recent work on bacteriorhodopsin and signal transduction one marvels how the author's motivation and detailed knowledge of phosphate chemistry has been instrumental in the progress of science.” Susumu Nishimura Ex-Director Biology Division of National Cancer Research Institute, Tokyo President Emeritus, Banyu Tsukuba Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan “Khorana, a pioneer of chemical biology, shares in this beautifully presented book his spectacular contributions to the foundations of this rapidly expanding field.” Professor Dieter Soll Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Chemical Biology

Author: Natanya Civjan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118434501
Size: 75.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An authoritative look at the application of chemical biology in drug discovery and development Based on the award-winning Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology published in 2008, this book explores the role of chemical biology in drug discovery and development. The first part of the book reviews key principles and techniques used in the design and evaluation of drug candidates. The second part elucidates biological mechanisms of certain diseases, illuminating approaches to investigate and target these diseases. Comprising carefully selected reprints from the Encyclopedia as well as new contributions from leading scholars in the field, this book provides researchers in academia and industry with important information to aid in the development of novel agents to treat disease. Self-contained articles cover a variety of essential topics, including: The design, development, and optimization of drug candidates The pharmacokinetics and properties of drugs Drug transport and delivery Natural products and natural product models as pharmaceuticals Biological mechanisms underlying health and disease Treatment strategies for a range of diseases, from HIV to schizophrenia Chemical Biology is a top-notch guide and reference for anyone working in the areas of drug discovery and development, including researchers in chemical biology and other fields such as biochemistry, medicine, and pharmaceutical sciences.

Dna Repair Enzymes Cell Molecular And Chemical Biology

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128118474
Size: 60.83 MB
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DNA Repair Enzymes, Part A, Volume 591 is the latest volume in the Methods in Enzymology series and the first part of a thematic that focuses on DNA repair enzymes. Topics in this new release include chapters on the Optimization of Native and Formaldehyde iPOND Techniques for Use in Suspension Cells, the Proteomic Analyses of the Eukaryotic Replication Machinery, DNA Fiber Analysis: Mind the Gap!, Comet-FISH for Ultrasensitive Strand-Specific Detection of DNA Damage in Single Cells, Examining DNA Double-Strand Break Repair in a Cell Cycle-Dependent Manner, Base Excision Repair Variants in Cancer, and Fluorescence-Based Reporters for Detection of Mutagenesis in E. coli. Includes contributions from leading authorities working in enzymology Focuses on DNA repair enzymes Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field of enzymology

Chemical Biology Of Natural Products

Author: David J. Newman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351643282
Size: 50.34 MB
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Chemical Biology of Natural Products This unique, long-awaited volume is designed to address contemporary aspects of natural product chemistry and its influence on biological systems, not solely on human interactions. The subjects covered include discovery, isolation and characterization, biosynthesis, biosynthetic engineering, pharmaceutical, and other applications of these compounds. Each chapter begins with a brief and simple introduction to the subject matter, and then proceeds to guide the reader towards the more contemporary, cutting-edge research in the field, with the contributing authors presenting current examples from their own work in order to exemplify key themes. Topics covered in the text include genome mining, heterologous expression, natural product synthesis, biosynthesis, glycosylation, chemical ecology, and therapeutic applications of natural products, both current and potential.

Protein Targeting With Small Molecules

Author: Hiroyuki Osada
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470495001
Size: 52.65 MB
Format: PDF
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Discover the link between the latest chemical biology approaches and novel drug therapies! Protein Targeting with Small Molecules: Chemical Biology Techniques and Applications takes readers beyond the use of chemical biology in basic research, providing a highly relevant look at techniques that can address the challenges of biology and drug design and development. This indispensable bench companion features up-to-date coverage of advances in chemistry and assesses their impact on developing new therapeutics, making it ideal for chemical biologists and medicinal chemists who are developing small molecule drugs to target proteins and treat diseases. In addition, the book examines the full range of complex biological systems and their interrelationship with chemistry, from the interaction of biological response modifiers with proteins to the chemical biology of cell surface oligosaccharides. Distinguished by an overview of chemical biology that is reinforced and clarified by detailed examples and descriptions of techniques, Protein Targeting with Small Molecules: Chemical Biology Techniques and Applications: Introduces key technologies and methods of chemical biology designed to detect the interactions of small molecules and proteins Facilitates the discovery of small molecules that bind to proteins and describes the molecules' application in the investigation of biological processes Presents timely coverage of the development of fluorescent probes for small molecules, as well as the generation of small molecule ligands and inhibitors Reviews important techniques such as chemical genomics, target profiling, immobilization technology, detection methods, chemical inhibition, and structure-based targeting Offers a compelling synopsis of data that underscores the recent progress made in the area of targeting proteins by small molecules