Cattle Colonialism

Author: John Ryan Fischer
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 146962513X
Size: 11.77 MB
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In the nineteenth century, the colonial territories of California and Hawai'i underwent important cultural, economic, and ecological transformations influenced by an unlikely factor: cows. The creation of native cattle cultures, represented by the Indian vaquero and the Hawaiian paniolo, demonstrates that California Indians and native Hawaiians adapted in ways that allowed them to harvest the opportunities for wealth that these unfamiliar biological resources presented. But the imposition of new property laws limited these indigenous responses, and Pacific cattle frontiers ultimately became the driving force behind Euro-American political and commercial domination, under which native residents lost land and sovereignty and faced demographic collapse. Environmental historians have too often overlooked California and Hawai'i, despite the roles the regions played in the colonial ranching frontiers of the Pacific World. In Cattle Colonialism, John Ryan Fischer significantly enlarges the scope of the American West by examining the trans-Pacific transformations these animals wrought on local landscapes and native economies.

Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists

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Size: 45.94 MB
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Platon Apologia

Author: Plato
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781540747846
Size: 76.61 MB
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I Apoloy�a Sokr�tous �nai s�ngramma tou Pl�tona, to op�o pithan�tata gr�phtike to 397 p. Kh. � 396 p. Kh. �nai monadik� mi dialoyik� �rgo tou Pl�tona, all� kai o m�nos platonik�s di�logos ston op�o o Pl�tonas anaph�ri �ti �tan par�n sto yegon�s. Aft� oposd�pote eniskh�i ti theor�a tou istoriko� kharakt�ra tis Apoloy�as. �pita ap� tin katigor�a ton �nitou, M�lita kai L�konos enant�on tou Sokr�ti, o phil�sophos ekph�nise ousiastik� tris l�gous, prospath�ntas t�so na apoloyith� �so kai na anair�si tis katigor�es� to tr�to m�ros tou l�gou tou �khi �mesi skh�si me ti psiphophor�a tou dikastir�ou kai tin ap�phas� tou. To platonik� aft� �rgo apotel� m�a el�ftheri ap�dosi tou dikaniko� l�gou pou ekph�nise o Sokr�tis to 399 p. Kh. sto dikast�rio tis Ilia�as, antimetop�zontas tin katigor�a �ti den p�steve stous theo�s tis p�lis, all� is�gaye kain� daim�nia kai di�phthire me tis didaskal�es tou tous n�ous.