The First Two Quartos Of Hamlet

Author: Margrethe Jolly
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 078647887X
Size: 78.47 MB
Format: PDF
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It is nearly two centuries since the first quarto of Hamlet was rediscovered, yet there is still no consensus about its relationship to the second quarto. Indeed, the first quarto, the least frequently read Hamlet, has been dismissed as "corrupt," "inferior" or like "a mutilated corpse," even though in performance it has been described as "the absolute dynamo behind the play." Currently one hypothesis dominates explanations about the quartos' interrelationship, supposing that the first quarto (published 1603) was reconstructed from memory by one or more actors who had performed minor roles in a version of the second quarto (published 1604-5). The present study reports on a detailed linguistic reassessment of the principal arguments for memorial reconstruction. The evidence--including a three way comparison between the underlying French source in Les Histoires Tragiques and the two quartos, and the informal features and specific grammatical aspects, and a documented memorial reconstruction in 1779--does not support the dominant hypothesis. The cumulative evidence suggests that the earliest scholars to examine the first quarto were right: the 1603 Hamlet came first, and the second quarto is a substantial, later revision.

Empires And Entrepots

Author: Jonathan Israel
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781852850227
Size: 44.39 MB
Format: PDF
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The confrontation between Spain and the Dutch Republic was a key factor in European and world history. In this collection, Jonathan Israel explores the various aspects of this many-sided struggle, at the level of government policy, military strategy and diplomacy; and in respect of the differing fortunes of regions, towns and groups, and the Sephardic Jews.

The Caribbean And The Atlantic World Economy

Author: Adrian Leonard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137432721
Size: 57.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This collection of essays explores the inter-imperial connections between British, Spanish, Dutch, and French Caribbean colonies, and the 'Old World' countries which founded them. Grounded in primary archival research, the thirteen contributors focus on the ways that participants in the Atlantic World economy transcended imperial boundaries.

Francis Johnson And The English Separatist Influence

Author: Scott Culpepper
Publisher: Mercer University Press
ISBN: 0881462381
Size: 54.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Once referred to as the 'Bishop of Brownism' by one of his contemporaries, Francis Johnson's theological and practical influence on diverse Christian traditions demonstrated the wide breadth of English separatism's formative influence. This is the first thorough treatment of Francis Johnson as the central focus of an academic work.