Britain S Educational Reform

Author: Mike Howarth
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113495624X
Size: 25.91 MB
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This book questions many of Britain's idiosyncratic attitudes towards education. Dimensions missing from Britain's recent reforms, but present in Japan are highlighted. The author argues that Britain could learn a lot from Japan in order to improve education and vocational training considerably.

Engineers In Japan And Britain

Author: Kevin McCormick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134718381
Size: 79.27 MB
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Engineers are a key occupational group in the transformation of the modern world. Contrasts between Japans economic miracle and Britains relative economic decline have often been linked to differences in education, training and employment of engineers. Yet, such views have often rested on little more than colourful anecdotes and selective statistics. Using careful and systematic comparisons, Kevin McCormick locates the differences between rhetoric and reality to dismiss both the inflated claims of the 1980s and the excessive detraction of the 1990s with Japans prolonged recession.

Lessons Of Cross National Comparison In Education

Author: David Phillips
Publisher: Symposium Books Ltd
ISBN: 1873927029
Size: 42.18 MB
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This collection of articles is a contribution to the debate about two important questions in the study of comparative education: ‘What lessons can be learned from cross-national studies of issues in education?’ and ‘What problems of comparative method do such studies have to address?’

Japan S Agricultural Policy Regime

Author: Aurelia George Mulgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415366666
Size: 41.53 MB
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"Aurelia George Mulgan explains how the MAFF has safeguarded its institutional capacity to intervene by accommodating both the public interest in agricultural policy reform and vested interests in maintaining agricultural support and protection. The book offers a major reinterpretation of agricultural policy, examining how the MAFF's role as an 'intervention maximiser' has been redefined to generate the appearance rather than the substance of reform. Japan's Agricultural Policy Regime will appeal to political economy specialists and political scientists, and those with an interest in Japanese politics, agricultural policy and bureaucratic institutions."--BOOK JACKET.

The Dynamics Of Japan S Relations With Africa

Author: Kweku Ampiah
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134825331
Size: 31.51 MB
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This is the first book to examine in-depth Japan's relations with Africa. Japan's dependence on raw materials from South Africa made it impossible for Tokyo in the 1970s and 1980s to support other African states in their fight against the minority government and its policy of apartheid. Kweku Ampiah's detailed analysis of Japan's political, economic and diplomatic relations with sub-Saharan Africa from 1974 to the early 1990s makes it clear that Japan was lukewarm in the struggle against apartheid. Case studies of Tanzania and Nigeria dissect Japan's trade, aid and investment policies in sub-Saharan Africa more widely.

Japan Race And Equality

Author: Naoko Shimazu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134693036
Size: 38.26 MB
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This study explores the Japanese motivations in raising the proposal for racial equality at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. This is the first comprehensive analysis of an historically significant event which has not been given adequate scholarly attention in the past. The story which unfolds underlines the complexity of politics and diplomacy surrounding the racial equality proposal and analyses the effect of the failure of the proposal on Japan's politics in the 1920s and 1930s.

The East Asian Welfare Model

Author: Roger Goodman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134692897
Size: 73.51 MB
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For many politicians and observers in the West, East Asia has provided a broad range of positive images of the state's intervention in society. Neoliberals grew excited by popular welfare systems that cost little in expenditure and bureaucracy. Social-democrats thought they had found a model for social cohesion and equality. In fact the reality in East Asia is rather different from these stereotypes. In this book six specialists of six different societies in East Asia (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Singapore and Hong Kong) examine the role of the state in their welfare systems. There are detailed case studies on pensions, health insurance, housing and personal social services. They provide an up-to-date detailed account of how these systems have developed as well as an examination of the question of whether these welfare regimes are the natural outgrowth of cultural traditions or the result of economic and political conditions. This broad-ranging and detailed study will be welcomed by both students and policy makers as the first proper academic study in English to have such a wide coverage of this topic. Its clarity and authority should come as a welcome alternative to the more common misconceptions about Asian society.

Education Reform And Social Class In Japan

Author: Takehiko Kariya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415556872
Size: 66.22 MB
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Until the early 1990s, Japanese education was widely commended for achieving outstanding outcomes in global comparison. At the same time, it was frequently criticized for failing to cultivate 'individuality' and 'creativity' in students. Wide-ranging education reforms were enacted during the 1990s to remedy these perceived failings. However, as this book argues, the reforms produced a different outcome than intended, contributing to growing disparity in learning motivation and educational aspiration of students from different class backgrounds instead. Takehiko Kariya demonstrates by way of empirical sociological analysis that educational inequality in Japan has been expanding, and that a new mechanism of educational selection has begun to operate, which he calls the 'incentive divide'. Casting light on recent changes in Japanese society to critically reassess educational policy choices, this book's quantitative and qualitative analyses of the 'mass education society' in post-war Japan offer important insights also for understanding similar problems faced in other parts of the world at present. Translated into English for the first time, the Japanese language version of Education Reform and Social Class in Japan won the first Osaragi Jiro Prize for Commentary sponsored by the Asahi shinbun. This book will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of Asian studies, Japanese studies, education, sociology and social policy.

Lessons Of Cross National Comparison In Education Oxford Studies In Comparative Education

Author: David Phillips
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781873927021
Size: 72.22 MB
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The papers which make up this volume were for the most part presented at a program of seminars given in Oxford, England, in the autumn of 1990. The seminars represented the first activity of the new Centre for Comparative Studies in Education installed at the Department of Educational Studies of the University of Oxford in January 1990. The Centre's principal objective is to collect and analyze data on education in other countries in order to make comparisons with the United Kingdom that might inform policy discussions. The present collection seeks to make a contribution to two important questions in the study of comparative education: What lessons can be learned from cross-national studies of issues in education? and What problems of comparative method do such studies have to address? The nine papers in the collection include: "Introduction" (David Phillips); "An International Comparison of Access to Higher Education" (A. H. Halsey); "Schools of Education and Teacher Education" (Harry Judge); "Education Training and Economic Performance in Comparative Perspective" (David Finegold); "French Lessons: Comparative Perspectives on What It Means to be a Teacher" (Patricia Broadfoot; Marilyn Osborn); "Apprentice Training in Germany: The Experiences of the 1980s" (Bernard Casey); "Alternative Funding of Education Systems: Some Lessons from Third World Experiments" (Keith Watson); "Unlearnt European Lessons: Why Austria Abandoned the Comprehensive School Experiments and Restored the 'Gymnasium'" (Karl Heinz Gruber); and "Japan--Pupil Turned Teacher?" (Roger Goodman). (DB)

Japan S Security Relations With China Since 1989

Author: Reinhard Drifte
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134406665
Size: 44.66 MB
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Japan's Security Relations with China since 1989 raises the crucial question of whether Japan's political leadership which is still preoccupied with finding a new political constellation and with overcoming a deep economic crisis is able to handle such a complex policy in the face of an increasingly assertive China and a US alliance partner with strong swings between engaging and containing China's power. This study of the highly topical bilateral relationship will be of great interest to students and researchers in Japanese and Chinese Studies, Politics, International Relations and Security Studies.