Bismarck S Institutions

Author: Beatrice Scheubel
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
ISBN: 9783161522727
Size: 41.50 MB
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The decline in birth rates in advanced economies is not a new phenomenon. Between 1880 and 1900 birth rates dropped from 5.5 children per woman to 2.5 children per woman. A further decline from 2.5 to 1.5 or even 1.3 children took much longer - about 80 years. One of the most apparent causes apart from access to contraceptives or an increasing level of education is, however, widely ignored. In this book, Beatrice Scheubel analyses the effects of the first comprehensive system of social security, which was introduced between 1883 and 1891 in Germany. She shows the link between social security and the demographic transition and above all raises the awareness for the link between social security and fertility from a longer-term perspective, which is a prerequisite for dealing with the effects of demographic change.

Ethics And Social Security Reform

Author: Erik Schokkaert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138725423
Size: 20.92 MB
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This title was first published in 2001. Ethical considerations play a key role in both the theoretical and practical functioning of the welfare state. The contributors to this book examine these ethical issues, and demonstrate how value judgements must be integrated into any analysis of social security reform.

The Psychology Of Money And Public Finance

Author: G. Schmölders
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230625118
Size: 14.37 MB
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This book features the main papers of Günter Schmölders (1903-1991), a pioneer in economic psychology, for the first time in English. Schmölders' research on 'fiscal psychology' is of particular and lasting interest, impacting greatly on continental economics.

The German Economy

Author: E. Owen-Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134924240
Size: 32.62 MB
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Germany is clearly the dominant economic force in Europe. It occupies the pivotal position of being at the centre of both the EC and of attempts to rebuild the economies of East Central Europe. The German Economy traces the various aspects of German policy and growth, concentrating in particular on the last two decades. These include: the German economy in perspective the regional dimension fiscal policy monetary policy social policy the labour market banking and finance industry, trade and economic policy. In The German Economy Eric Owen Smith has produced the only comprehensive account of the contemporary German economy currently available in English.

Restitution Of Overpaid Tax

Author: Steven Elliott
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1782251227
Size: 47.65 MB
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Since the decision of the House of Lords in Woolwich Equitable Building Society v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1993] AC 70, the law governing claims for restitution of overpaid tax has experienced rapid and profound evolution. This has been so not only in England, but also elsewhere in the common law world as well as on the European plane. The essays in this collection consider the new landscape, and explore from various doctrinal and national perspectives the issues that have confronted, and continue to confront, the courts.

Carl Menger

Author: Mark Blaug
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN:
Size: 78.63 MB
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The Dictionary Of Health Economics Third Edition

Author: Anthony J. Culyer
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781001995
Size: 42.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This third edition of Anthony Culyer�s authoritative The Dictionary of Health Economics brings the material right up to date as well as adding plentiful amounts of new information, with a number of revised definitions. There are now nearly 3,000 entrie

The Theory Of Public Choice Ii

Author: James M. Buchanan
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472080410
Size: 29.25 MB
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Discusses voting, tax policy, government regulation, redistribution of wealth, and international negotiation in a new approach to government

The Judicial House Of Lords

Author: Louis Blom-Cooper QC
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019102953X
Size: 20.48 MB
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The House of Lords served as the highest court in the UK for over 130 years. In 2009 the new UK Supreme Court took over its judicial functions, closing the doors on one of the most influential legal institutions in the world, and a major chapter in the history of the UK legal system. This volume gathers over 40 leading scholars and practitioners from the UK and beyond to provide a comprehensive history of the House of Lords as a judicial institution, charting its role, working practices, reputation and impact on the law and UK legal system. The book examines the origins of the House's judicial work; the different phases in the court's history; the international reputation and influence of the House in the legal profession; the domestic perception of the House outside the law; and the impact of the House on the UK legal tradition and substantive law. The book offers an invaluable overview of the Judicial House of Lords and a major historical record for the UK legal system now that it has passed into the next chapter in its history.

The Rise Of Historical Economics And Social Reform In Germany 1864 1894

Author: Erik Grimmer-Solem
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199260416
Size: 45.93 MB
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Social science and social reform flourished in Imperial Germany, and the historical economist Gustav Schmoller made fundamental contributions to both. Despite this, historians have neglected him. Questioning the term 'German Historical School' associated with Schmoller, Grimmer-Solem reveals the European context of Schmoller's thought and the influence of empiricism, statistics, and advances in the natural sciences on his choice of methods. By exploring the social context in detail, hedeomonstrates how the nexus of young scholars around Schmoller fundamentally transformed German economics into a tool of social reform which was directly relevant to the many 'social questions' raised by rapid industrialization and urbanization in Germany in the 1860s. These reform efforts were novel in that they put forth the idea that inequality and poverty were ills emerging from the division of labour which society had an obligation to remedy. As a result, an awareness of the social implications of individual economic action emerged which proved remarkably useful for the development of social policy. Although the dissemination of this reform message influenced public opinion and put social reform on the political agenda, Grimmer-Solem shows that Schmoller and his colleagues remained a beleaguered group, attacked from all political directions. His investigation brings the fissures within German liberalism into sharp relief, revealing the persistence of a potent ideal of classlessness that fundamentally shaped German social policy. Grimmer-Solem makes a unique and much-needed contribution to our understanding of the thought and milieu of Gustav Schmoller, the origins of social reform, and the development of the social sciences in Germany. The resulting volume addreses central questions in the historiography of the German Empire, of relevance to all German, European, social, and intellectual historians.