Diseases Of Crop Plants In India

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120312470
Size: 16.12 MB
Format: PDF
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This fully-revised and enlarged fourth edition introduces the students to the basic and applied aspects of plant pathology and to the major diseases of crops and fruit trees in India. Latest developments in the molecular biology of diseased plants and control measures are incorporated in the book.

Microbial Plant Pathogens

Author: Perumal Narayanasamy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119195799
Size: 47.72 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6452
Healthy seeds and propagules are the basic requirement for producing good grains, fruits and vegetables needed for human survival and perpetuation. Dispersal of microbial plant pathogens via seeds and propagules has assumed more importance than other modes of dispersal, as infected seeds and propagules have the potential to become the primary sources of carrying pathogen inoculum for subsequent crops. Several diseases transmitted through seeds and propagules have been shown to have the potential to damage economies as a result of huge quantitative and qualitative losses in numerous crops. Hence, it is essential to rapidly detect, identify and differentiate the microbial plant pathogens present in seeds and propagules precisely and reliably, using sensitive techniques. Microbial Plant Pathogens: Detection and Management in Seeds and Propagules provides a comprehensive resource on seed-borne and propagule-borne pathogens. Information on the biology of microbial pathogens, including genetic diversity, infection process and survival mechanisms of pathogens and epidemiology of diseases caused by them, are discussed critically and in detail to highlight weak links in the life cycles of the pathogens. Development of effective disease management systems, based on the principles of exclusion and eradication of pathogens and immunization of crop plants to enhance the levels of resistance of cultivars to diseases, has been effective to keep the pathogens at bay. The need for production of disease-free seeds/propagules has been emphasized to prevent the carryover of the inoculum to the next crop or introduction of the pathogens to other locations. Effectiveness of adopting simple cultural practices and development of cultivars resistant to diseases through traditional breeding methods or biotechnological approach have resulted in reducing the pathogen inoculum and disease incidence. Although application of different chemicals may reduce the disease incidence effectively, biological management of crop diseases, employing potential biological control agents have to be preferred to preserve the agroecosystems. Greater efforts have to be made to integrate compatible strategies to enhance the effectiveness of diseases management systems. Protocols appended at the end of relevant chapters form a unique feature of this book to enable the researchers to fine-tune their projects. This 2 volume set provides comprehensive and updated information about the economically-important groups of microbial plant pathogens carried by seed and propagules. Graduate students, researchers and teachers of plant pathology, plant protection, microbiology, plant breeding and genetics, agriculture and horticulture, as well as certification and quarantine personnel will find the information presented in this book useful.

Integrated Management Of Diseases Caused By Fungi Phytoplasma And Bacteria

Author: Aurelio Ciancio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402085710
Size: 70.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3022
This volume focuses on integrated pest and disease management (IPM/IDM) and biocontrol of some key diseases of perennial and annual crops. It continues a series originated during a visit of prof. K. G. Mukerji to the CNR Plant Protection Institute in Bari (Italy), in November 2005. Both editors aim at a series of five volumes embracing, in a multi-disciplinary approach, advances and achievements in the practice of crop protection, for a wide range of plant parasites and pathogens. Two volumes of the series were already produced, dedicated to general concepts in IPM and to management and biocontrol of nematodes of grain crops and vegetables. This Volume deals, in particular, with diseases due to bacteria, phytoplasma and fungi. Every day, in any agroecosystem, farmers face problems related to plant diseases. Since the beginning of agriculture, indeed, and probably for a long time in the future, farmers will continue to do so. Every year, plant diseases cause severe losses in the global production of food and other agricultural commodities, worldwide. Plant diseases are not limited to episodic events occurring in single farms or crops, and should not be regarded as single independent cases, affecting only farms on a local scale. The impact of plant disease epidemics on food shortage ignited, in the last two centuries, deep cultural, social and demographic changes, affecting million human beings, through i. e. migration, death and hunger.

Bacterial Disease Resistance In Plants

Author: P. Vidhyasekaran
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560229254
Size: 69.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7374
Examine the most recent developments in molecular plant pathology! This comprehensive reference book describes the molecular biology of plant-pathogen interactions in depth. With Dr. Vidhyasekaran’s keen insights and experienced critical viewpoint, Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants: Molecular Biology and Biotechnological Applications not only presents reviews of current research but goes on to suggest future research strategies to exploit the studies in interventions with biotechnological, commercial, and field applications. This extraordinarily well-referenced book delivers in-depth examinations of: the molecular recognition process between plants and bacterial pathogens bacterial genes involved in the recognition process hrp, avr, dsp, and hsv genes the transcription of bacterial genes in plants signal transduction systems in bacteria and plants the functions of resistance genes and defense genes at the molecular level the elicitor molecules of bacterial pathogens and plants and their interactions plant and bacterial cell wall modifications and their role in triggering host defense mechanisms Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants also explores active oxygen species, inducible plant proteins and their signals and transcription mechanisms, inducible secondary metabolites, and more. It introduces novel strategies for bacterial disease management using genes from human beings, birds, crabs, insects, fungi, bacteria, and bacteriophages; and genetic engineering techniques that can be used to develop transgenic, disease-resistant plants. Generously illustrated with figures and tables that make the data more quickly understandable, Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants will be an invaluable resource and textbook for plant pathologists, bacteriologists, botanists, plant physiologists, plant molecular biologists, microbiologists, biochemists, plant cell and applied biologists, genetic engineers, and graduate-level students in these disciplines.

Plant Pathology

Author: George N. Agrios
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323139698
Size: 58.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 7655
Plant Pathology, Third Edition, provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts of plant pathology, incorporating important new developments in the field. The present volume also follows closely the organization and format of the Second Edition. It includes two new chapters, ""Plant Disease Epidemiology"" and ""Applications of Biotechnology in Plant Pathology."" Extensively updated new information has been added about the history of plant pathology, the stages in the development of disease, the chemical weapons of attack by pathogens, and the genetics of plant disease. The book is organized into three parts. Part I discusses basic concepts such as classification of plant diseases; parasitism and disease development; how pathogens attack plants; effects of pathogens on plant physiology; plant defenses against pathogens; and genetics, epidemiology, and control of plant diseases. Part II on specific plant diseases covers diseases caused by fungi, prokaryotes, parasitic higher plants, viruses, nematodes, and flagellate protozoa. Part III deals with applications of biotechnology in plant pathology.

Bacterial Diseases Of Crop Plants

Author: Suresh G. Borkar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315350947
Size: 35.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Food and agriculture is an important component in the development and survival of civilizations. Around half of the world’s population and their economies are influenced by agricultural farm production. Plant diseases take as much as a 30 percent toll of the crop harvest if not managed properly and efficiently. Bacterial diseases of crop plants are important in plant disease scenarios worldwide and are observed on all kinds of cultivated and commercial value plants including cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fruits, vegetables, cash crops, plantation crops, spices, ornamentals and flowering plant, forage crop, forest trees, and lawn grasses. Bacterial diseases are widespread and are difficult to identify and to control. Few pesticides are available for use in control, and many plant pathologists are not well trained in the management of bacterial diseases. Bacterial Diseases of Crop Plants offers concise information on bacterial diseases of crops, proving a valuable asset to students, scientists in industry and academia, farmers, extension workers, and those who deal with crops that are vulnerable to bacterial diseases. The book contains 13 chapters featuring bacterial diseases of individual crops and is illustrated with full color photographs throughout providing amazing characterization of the diseases. It also includes information on bacterial diseases that appear on different crops across the continents, thereby making the content of interest to plant pathologists around the world. Bacterial diseases are of great economic concern, and their importance in overall losses caused by various other pathogens, such as fungi and viruses, is often undermined in developing countries.

Microbial Plant Pathogens Detection And Disease Diagnosis

Author: P. Narayanasamy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048197699
Size: 79.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6363
Microbial plant pathogens causing qualitative and quantitative losses in all corps are present not only in the infected plants, but also in the environmental comprising of soil, water and air. The vectors present in the environment spread the microbial pathogens to short and/or long distances. Detection of microbial pathogens rapidly and reliably by employing suitable sensitive applicable for different ecosystems. The pathogens have to be identified precisely and differentiated and quantified to plan appropriate short- and long-term strategies to contain the incidence and spread of diseases induced by them. This book aims to present all relevant and latest information on the detection techniques based on the biological, biochemical, immunological and nucleic acid characteristics of microbial pathogens presents in the host plants, as well as in the natural substrates that support the survival and perpetuation of the pathogens.